LAZARUS RAISED TO LIFE,
MESSIAH’S TRIUMPHANT ENTRY, AND HIS LAMENT OVER JERUSALEM
THE FEAST OF DEDICATION
that time the Feast of Dedication (Hanukkah) took place at
Jerusalem. It was winter, and Y’shua was walking in the temple, in the porch
of Solomon. Then the Jews surrounded Him, asking Him, “How long will You
keep us in suspense? If You are the Messiah, tell us plainly.”
answered them, “I have told you, and you do not believe. The works that I do
in My Father’s Name, these bear witness concerning Me. But you do not
believe, because you are not of My sheep, just as I said to you. My sheep
hear and listen to My voice, and I know them, and they follow Me; I give
them eternal life, and they shall never perish; and no-one will snatch them
out of My hand. My Father, who has given them to Me, is greater than
all; and no-one is able to snatch them out of the Father’s hand. I
and the Father are One.”
the Jews took up stones to stone Him.
answered them, “I have shown you many good works from the Father; for which
of these works do you stone Me?”
Jews answered Him, “We do not stone You for a good work, but for blasphemy;
and because You, being a man, make Yourself out to be God.”
answered them, “Has it not been written in your Law, ‘I
SAID, YOU ARE GODS’
[Ps 82:6]? If He called them gods, to whom the Word of God came - and the
Scripture cannot be broken - do you say of Him whom the Father sanctified
and sent into the world, ‘You are blaspheming’; because I said, ‘I am the
Son of God?’ If I do not do the works of My Father, do not believe Me; but
if I do them, though you do not believe Me, believe the works, so that you
may know and understand that the Father is in Me, and I am in
Therefore they were seeking again to seize Him, but He escaped from their
hands, and He went once more to the other side of the Jordan to the place
where John was baptizing at first; and He stayed there. And many came
to Him, and they were saying, “Though John performed no sign, everything
John said about this Man was true.” And many believed in Him there.
SCENE FROM THE
OLD CITY OF JERUSALEM
RAISED TO LIFE
The Lazarus in this account
was NOT the destitute beggar of whom you have read a few pages back. This
Lazarus and his two sisters were close friends of Y’shua. In this event, the
Master not only claimed to be the Resurrection and the Life, but He also
demonstrated His power to give life.
certain man was sick, Lazarus of Bethany, the village of Mary and her
sister Martha. It was the same Mary who anointed the Master with
fragrant oil, and wiped His feet with her hair, whose brother Lazarus was
sick. Therefore the sisters sent word to Him, “Master, see, the one
You love is sick.”
Y’shua heard this, He said, “This sickness will not end in
death, but it is for the glory of God, that the Son of God may be
glorified by it.”
Y’shua loved Martha and her sister, and Lazarus. So when He heard that
Lazarus was sick, He stayed in the place where He was two more days.
Then after this He said to the disciples, “Let us go to Judea again.”
disciples said to Him, “Rabbi (teacher), the Jews were just
now seeking to stone You; and yet You are going back there?”
answered, “Are there not twelve hours in the day? If anyone walks in the day
he will not stumble, because he sees the light of this world. But if anyone
walks in the night, he will stumble, because the light is not in him.” After
He said this He went on to say, “Our friend Lazarus has fallen
asleep; but I am going so that I may wake him up.”
the disciples said to Him, “Master, if he has fallen asleep, he will
recover.” But Y’shua had spoken of his death, whereas they thought that He
was speaking of literal sleep. So He then said to them plainly: “Lazarus has
died. And for your sake I am glad that I was not there, so that you may
believe. But let us go to him.”
Thomas, who is called Didymus, said to his fellow disciples, “Let us
also go, that we may die with Him.”
when Y’shua arrived, He found that Lazarus had already been in the tomb for
four days. Bethany was about three kilometers from Jerusalem; and many of
the Jews had come to Martha and Mary, to comfort them concerning their
when Martha heard that Y’shua was coming, she went and met Him; but Mary was
still sitting in the house.
then said to Y’shua, “Master, if You had been here earlier, my
brother would not have died. But even now I know that whatever You ask of
God, God will give You.”
said to her, “Your brother will rise again.”
answered, “I know that he will rise again in the resurrection on the last
day.” Y’shua said to her,
“I am the
Resurrection and the Life;
believes in Me, even though he dies, he will live; and whoever is living and
believing in Me will never die. Do you believe this?”
said to Him, “Yes, Master; I believe You are the Messiah, the Son of God,
who is coming into the world.”
she had said this, she went away and called her sister Mary aside, saying,
“The Teacher is here, and is calling for you.” When Mary heard this, she got
up quickly and came to Him.
Y’shua had not yet come into the village, but was still in the place where
Martha met Him. When the Jews who were with her in the house, comforting
her, saw that Mary got up quickly and went out, they followed her, saying,
“She is going to the tomb to weep there.”
when Mary reached the place where Y’shua was, and saw Him, she fell
at His feet, saying to Him, “Master, if You had been here earlier, my
brother would not have died.”
Y’shua, therefore, when He saw her weeping, and the Jews who came with her
also weeping, He groaned in the spirit and was troubled.
have you laid him?” He asked.
said to Him, “Master, come and see.”
the Jews said, “See how He loved him!” And some of them said, “Could not
this One, who opened the eyes of the blind man, also have kept this man from
Y’shua, once more groaning deeply within, came to the tomb. Now it
was a cave with a large stone laid across the entrance.
said, “Take away the stone.”
Martha, the sister of the man who had died, said to Him, “Master, by
this time there will be a stench; for he has been dead four days.”
said to her, “Did I not tell you that if you believed, you would see the
glory of God?”
they removed the stone from the place where the dead man was laid.
And Y’shua raised His eyes and said, “Father, I thank You that You have
heard Me. And I know that You always hear Me, but because of the people
standing around I have said this, so that they may believe that You sent
when He had said these things, He cried in a loud voice, “Lazarus, come
he who had died came out, bound hand and foot with burial cloths; and his
face was wrapped around with a cloth. Y’shua said to them, “Take off the
wrappings, and set him free.”
REACTION TO LAZARUS’ RESURRECTION
many of the Jews who had come to Mary and had seen what Y’shua did believed
in Him. But some of them went away to the Pharisees, and told them what
Y’shua had done.
Therefore the chief priests and the Pharisees convened a council, and said,
“What shall we do? For this Man is performing many signs. If we let Him
go on like this, everyone will believe in Him, and the Romans will come
and take away both our place and our nation.”
one of them, Caiaphas, being high priest that year, said to them, “You know
nothing at all, nor do you take into account that it is expedient for
us that one man should die for the people, and that the whole nation should
did not say this of himself, but being high priest that year, he prophesied
that Y’shua was about to die for the nation; and not for the nation only,
but that He might also gather together into one, the children of God who
were scattered abroad.
from that day on they plotted together to kill Him.
Y’SHUA’S LOVE FOR CHILDREN
were bringing children to Y’shua so that He might touch them; and the
disciples rebuked those who brought them. But when Y’shua saw this,
He was greatly displeased and said to them, “Let the children come to Me; do
not hinder them, for the Kingdom of God belongs to such as these. I tell you
the truth, whoever does not receive the Kingdom of God like a little child
will never enter it.”
taking them up in His arms, He put His hands upon them and blessed them.
AGAIN FORETELLS HIS DEATH
they were on the way, going up to Jerusalem, Y’shua was walking on ahead of
them; and they were astonished, and those who followed were afraid. And
again He took the twelve aside and began to tell them what was going to
happen to Him, “Look,” he said, “we are going up to Jerusalem, and the Son
of Man will be handed over to the chief priests and the scribes; and they
will condemn Him to death, and will hand Him over to the Gentiles. And they
will mock Him and spit upon Him, and scourge Him, and kill Him, and
three days later He will rise again.”
THE DAMASCUS GATE OF JERUSALEM
REQUEST BY JAMES AND JOHN
James and John, the two sons of Zebedee, came up to Y’shua. “Teacher,” they
said, “we want You to do for us whatever we ask.”
do you want Me to do for you?” He asked.
said to Him, “Let one of us sit on Your right, and the other on Your
left, in the time of Your glory.”
Y’shua said to them, “You do not know what you are asking. Can you drink the
cup that I drink, or to be baptized with the baptism with which I am
baptized?” “We can,” they said to Him.
said to them, “The cup that I drink you shall drink; and you shall be
baptized with the baptism with which I am baptized, but to sit on My right
and My left, is not for Me to grant; but these places are for those
for whom it has been prepared.”
hearing this, the ten began to feel indignant towards James and John. But
Y’shua, calling them all near to Himself, said to them,
know that those who are recognized as rulers of the Gentiles lord it over
them; and their great men exercise authority over them. But it shall not be
like that among you, but whoever wishes to become great among you shall be
your servant; and whoever wishes to be first among you shall be servant of
all; for even the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and
to give His life a ransom for many.”
ANOINTS Y’SHUA’S FEET
JOHN 11:55 to
the Passover of the Jews was near, and many went up to Jerusalem from the
country, to purify themselves before the Passover. And they were seeking
Y’shua, saying to one another as they stood in the temple, “What do you
think? Will He not come to the feast at all?”
both the chief priests and the Pharisees had given orders that if anyone
knew where Y’shua He was, he should report it, that they might seize Him.
six days before the Passover, Y’shua came to Bethany where Lazarus was,
the one who had died, and whom Y’shua had raised from the dead. So they
made a supper for Him there; and Martha was serving, while Lazarus was one
of those who sat at the table with Him. Then Mary took a pound of
very costly, pure spikenard-ointment, and anointed the feet of Y’shua, and
wiped His feet with her hair. And the house was filled with the fragrance of
one of His disciples, Judas Iscariot the son of Simon, who was soon
to betray Him, said, “Why was this ointment not sold for 300 denarii (the
value of 300 day’s wages), and given to the poor?”
said this, not because he was concerned about the poor, but because he was a
thief, and had the money bag. And he used to pilfer what was put into
it. Y’shua therefore said, “Let her alone; she has kept this for the day of
My burial. For the poor you always have with you; but you will not always
great crowd of the Jews learned that He was there; and they came, not for
Y’shua’s sake only, but that they might also see Lazarus, whom He raised
from the dead. But the chief priests made plans to kill Lazarus also;
because on account of him many of the Jews were going away, and believing in
TRIUMPHANT ENTRY INTO JERUSALEM
The following event took
place on the Sunday before the violent death of the Messiah. It was the
beginning of a very climatic, agonizing, and yet, triumphant week.
went on ahead, going up to Jerusalem. When He approached Bethphage
and Bethany near the Mount of Olives, He sent two of the disciples,
instructing them, “Go into the village ahead of you. As you enter it, you
will find a colt tied there, which no-one has ever ridden. Untie it and
bring it here. If anyone asks you, ‘Why are you untying it?,’ tell him, ‘The
Master needs it’.” So those who were sent ahead went and found it just as He
had told them.
they were untying the colt, its owners asked them, “Why are you untying the
colt?” They replied, “The Master needs it.” Then they brought it to Y’shua,
and they threw their garments on the colt, and put Y’shua on it. And as He
went along, people spread their garments on the road.
He came near the place where the road goes down the Mount of Olives, the
whole band of disciples began to praise God joyfully in loud voices for all
the miracles they had seen:
“BLESSED IS THE KING WHO COMES IN THE NAME OF THE LORD!” [Psalm
in heaven,” and “Glory in the highest!”
of the Pharisees in the crowd said to Him, “Teacher, rebuke Your disciples!”
“I tell you,” He replied, “if they keep silent, the stones will cry out!”
when He approached Jerusalem and saw the city, He wept over it,
crying, “If you, even you, only knew this day what would bring you peace -
but for now it is hidden from your eyes. For the days are coming upon you
when your enemies will build an embankment against you and encircle you and
hem you in on every side. They will dash you to the
ground, you and your children within your walls.
will not leave one stone upon another, because you did not recognize the
time of your visitation - that is, when God was visiting you.”
was teaching every day at the temple. But the chief priests, the scribes
(the teachers of the Law), and the leaders among the people were trying
to kill Him. Yet they could not find any way to do it, because all the
people were hanging upon His every word.
THE PRESENT EASTERN (GOLDEN) GATE OF JERUSALEM.
Photo by courtesy of
RODE INTO THE CITY THROUGH THE ORIGINAL EASTERN GATE)
they came into Jerusalem. And Y’shua entered the temple and began to drive
out those who were buying and selling in the temple, and He overturned the
tables of the money-changers and the seats of those who were selling doves;
and He would not permit anyone to carry vessels or goods
through the temple.
began to teach and say to them, “Has it not been written,
HOUSE SHALL BE CALLED A HOUSE OF PRAYER FOR ALL THE NATIONS?
you have made it a den of robbers.” The chief priests and the scribes heard
this, and began seeking how to destroy Him; for they were
afraid of Him, because the whole crowd was amazed at His teaching.
SON OF MAN MUST BE LIFTED UP”
Y’shua knew exactly what was
ahead. He knew what type of suffering and death He would endure; and He told
the crowd that His death would produce a great harvest.
hour has come for the Son of Man to be glorified. I am telling you the
truth; unless a grain of wheat falls into the ground and dies, it remains
alone - all by itself. But if it dies, it bears much fruit. He who
loves his life will lose it; and he who hates his life in this world will
keep it for everlasting life. If anyone serves Me, let him follow Me; and
where I am, there My servant will be also. If anyone serves Me, the Father
will honour him.
My soul has become troubled; and what shall I say? ‘Father, save Me from
this hour?’ But for this very reason I came to this hour. Father,
glorify Your Name.”
voice came from heaven: “I have both glorified it, and I will glorify it
crowd who stood by and heard the voice were saying that it had
thundered. Others said, “An angel has spoken to Him.”
answered, “This voice did not come for My benefit, but for your sake. Now
judgment is upon this world; now the ruler of this world will be cast out.
And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all men to Myself.” This
He said to indicate the kind of death by which He was to die.
crowd answered Him, “We have heard from the Law that the Messiah remains
forever; so how can You say, ‘The Son of Man must be lifted up’? Who is this
Son of Man?”
then said to them, “For a little while longer the light is with you. Walk
while you have the light so that darkness may not overtake you. He who walks
in the darkness does not know where he is going. While you have the light,
believe in the light, so that you may become sons of light.”
things Y’shua spoke and then He departed, and was hidden from them.
But though He had done so many signs before them, yet they were not
believing in Him - this was so that the word spoken by Isaiah the
prophet might be fulfilled:
WHO HAS BELIEVED OUR REPORT? AND TO WHOM HAS THE ARM OF YHWH THE LORD
BEEN REVEALED? [Isaiah
Because of this they were unable to believe, for Isaiah also said,
BLINDED THEIR EYES, AND HE HARDENED THEIR HEARTS, LEST THEY SEE WITH THEIR
EYES, AND UNDERSTAND WITH THEIR HEARTS; LEST THEY TURN BACK, AND I
HEAL THEM. [Isaiah
said these things when he saw His glory and he spoke of Him.
Nevertheless, even among the rulers many believed in Him, but because of the
Pharisees they did not confess Him, lest they should be put out of
the synagogue; for they loved the praise of men more than the praise of God.
Y’shua cried out, “He who believes in Me does not believe Me, but in Him who
sent Me. And he who sees Me sees the One who sent Me. I have come as
a light into the world so that everyone who believes in Me, may not remain
in darkness. And if anyone hears My teachings but does not believe and
keep them, I do not judge him; for I did not come to judge the world, but to
save the world.
who rejects Me, and does not receive My teachings, has one who judges him -
the Word I have spoken is what will judge him at the last day. For I have
not spoken on My own initiative, but the Father Himself who sent Me
has given Me a command concerning what I should say, and what I
should speak. And I know that His command is eternal life. Therefore
whatever I speak, I speak just as the Father has told Me.”
SANHEDRIN CHALLENGES Y’SHUA
MARK 11:27 to
During the time of Y’shua,
Israel was governed by the Roman Empire. Pontius Pilate was the Roman
Earlier, Julius Caesar had
made a wealthy Idumaean, Herod Antipater the virtual ruler of all Israel in
B.C. 43. (Idumaeans were not Jews, but descendants of Esau).
Antipater’s son, “Herod the
Great,” was the king who ordered the massacre of the innocents when Y’shua
was a child. He tried to win favour with the Jews by building the
magnificent temple in Jerusalem. His son, Herod Antipas was the ruler who
executed John the Baptist, and he was the king at the time of Y'shua's trial
The Jews themselves
maintained a legal and religious institution in Jerusalem which exercised
the functions of a court. It consisted of chief priests, scribes (law
experts) and elders, and was called
This Jewish authority confronted Y'shua.
Y’shua and His disciples
came again to Jerusalem. And as He was walking in the temple, the chief
priests, and scribes, and elders came to Him and asked Him, “By what
authority are You doing these things? And who gave You this authority to do
answered them, “I will ask you one question. Answer Me, and I will tell you
by what authority I do these things. John’s baptism - was it from heaven, or
from men? Answer Me!”
they reasoned among themselves, “If we say, ‘From heaven,’ He will say,
‘Then why did you not believe him?’ But if we say, ‘From men . . .’ ” -
they hesitated because they were afraid of the people, for all
considered John to have been a prophet indeed.
answering, they said to Y’shua, “We do not know.” Then Y’shua replied,
“Neither will I tell you by what authority I do these things.”
He began to speak to them in parables:
planted a vineyard, and put a hedge around it. He dug a vat under the
winepress and built a watchtower, and then he rented it out to
vine-growers, and went abroad. At harvest time he sent a servant to
the vine-growers, in order to receive some of the produce of the
vineyard from the vine-growers. And they seized him, and beat him,
and sent him away empty-handed.
again he sent them another servant. And throwing stones at him, they wounded
him in the head, treated him shamefully and sent him away. And again
he sent another, and that one they killed; and so with many others,
beating some, and killing others. Having only one more to send - his
beloved son, he also sent him to them last of all, saying, ‘They will
respect my son.’
those vine-growers said to one another, ‘This is the heir; come, let us kill
him, and the inheritance will be ours!’
they took him, and killed him, and threw his body out of the
vineyard. What then will the owner of the vineyard do? He will come and
destroy the vine-growers, and will give the vineyard to others.
you not even read this scripture:
STONE WHICH THE BUILDERS REJECTED HAS BECOME THE CHIEF CORNER-STONE;
THIS WAS FROM YHWH THE LORD, AND IT IS MARVELLOUS IN OUR EYES?”
[Psalm 118:22, 23]
they were seeking to seize Y’shua, but they feared the crowd; for they
understood that He had spoken the parable against them. And so they left
Him, and went away.
LAMENTS OVER JERUSALEM
Pharisees came, saying to Y’shua, “Get away from here, for Herod wants to
said to them, “Go tell that fox, ‘See, I cast out demons and heal people
today and tomorrow, and the third day I shall be perfected.’
Nevertheless I must journey on today and tomorrow, and the next day;
for it cannot be that a prophet should perish outside of Jerusalem.
(Y'shua then went on to
express sorrow for the city.)
Jerusalem, Jerusalem, the city that kills the prophets and stones
those sent to her! How often I wanted to gather your children together, the
way a hen gathers her brood under her wings, but you were not
willing! Look! Your house is left to you desolate; and I tell you,
you will not see Me again until the time comes when you say,
‘BLESSED IS HE WHO COMES IN THE NAME OF THE LORD’!” [Psalm
FRONT OF THE TOWER OF DAVID IN JERUSALEM TODAY
PROPHECIES ABOUT JERUSALEM, THE ENDTIMES,
THE KINGDOM OF GOD
MESSIAH’S RETURN, AND THE KINGDOM
“The Son of Man” is used in
the Old Testament as a title of the Messiah who would come with the clouds,
and be given the sovereignty of the Kingdom of God.
having been asked by the Pharisees when the Kingdom of God would come, Y’shua
answered them, “The Kingdom of God does not come with observation. Nor will
they say, ‘Look, here it is!’ or, ‘There it is!’ But look,
and you will see that the Kingdom of God is within and among
said to the disciples, “The days are coming when you will long to see one of
the days of the Son of Man, and you will not see it. And they will say to
you, ‘Look here!’ or ‘Look there!’ Do not run off and follow after
them. For the Son of Man in His day will be like the lightning, which
flashes out of one part of the sky, and shines to the other part
of the sky. But first He must suffer many things and be rejected by this
as it was in the days of Noah, so also will it be in the days of the Son of
Man: people were eating, they were drinking, they were marrying, and
being given in marriage, until the day Noah entered the ark, and the flood
came and destroyed them all.
was the same in the days of Lot: they were eating, they were drinking, they
were buying and selling, planting and building, but on the day Lot went out
of Sodom, fire and sulphur rained down from heaven and destroyed them all.
It will be just like this on the day the Son of Man is revealed.
that day, anyone who is on the housetop and has goods in the house, should
not go down to take them away; and likewise, anyone in the field should not
turn back. Remember Lot’s wife. Whoever seeks to save his life shall lose
it, and whoever loses his life shall preserve it. I tell you, on that
night there will be two in one bed; one will be taken, and the other will be
left. Two women will be grinding at the same place; one will be
taken, and the other will be left. Two men will be in the field; one
will be taken and the other will be left.”
Him, “Where, Master?” And He said to them, “Where the body is, there
also will the eagles be gathered.”
The Messiah gave important
prophetic teaching on future events. One main message, recorded by Matthew,
Mark and Luke, is called ...
This message was mostly
spoken on the Mount of Olives, on the east of Jerusalem. Following are the
accounts by Matthew and Luke. Guided by the Holy Spirit, these two writers
present the same message from somewhat different angles. Matthew focuses on
the end of the age and the Great Tribulation, while Luke starts with the
prophecy concerning the destruction of Jerusalem which took place in A.D.
70, and then stretches over the centuries to the conditions of the endtimes.
Y’shua came out of the temple, and was departing, His disciples came to
point out the buildings of the temple to Him.
said to them, “Do you not see all these things? I tell you the truth, not
one stone shall be left here upon another that will not be thrown down.”
He was sitting on the Mount of Olives, the disciples came to Him privately,
saying, “Tell us, when will these things happen, and what will be the
sign of Your coming, and of the end of the age?”
answered and said to them, “Watch out that no one deceives you. For many
will come in My Name, saying, ‘I am the Messiah - the Christ,’ and will
mislead many. You will be hearing of wars and rumours of wars, but see to it
that you do not become frightened. All these things must happen
first, but the end is not yet. Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom
against kingdom, and there will be famines, pestilences, and earthquakes in
various places. But all these are merely the beginning of birthpangs.
THE GREAT TRIBULATION
they will hand you over to be persecuted, and will kill you, and you will be
hated by all nations on account of MY
At that time many will stumble, falling away from the faith, and will
betray one another and hate one another, and many false prophets will
appear, and will deceive many people. Because of the increase of
lawlessness and wickedness, most people’s love for others will grow
cold, but he who endures to the end will be saved. And this gospel of the
kingdom will be preached in the whole world as a witness to all the nations,
and then the end will come.
when you see the
ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION -
the sacrilege spoken of through the prophet Daniel - standing in the HOLY
(let the reader understand!), then let those who are in Judea immediately
flee to the mountains. Let him who is on the housetop not go down to get
anything out of the house; and let him who is in the field not go back to
get his cloak.
will be very tragic in those days for pregnant women and nursing mothers!
Pray that your flight may not take place in winter, or on a Sabbath, for
then there will be great tribulation, such as has never occurred since the
beginning of the world until now; and there will be nothing like it again.
And if those days were not shortened, no-one would survive; but for the sake
of the elect (the chosen people), those days
shortened - limited.
if anyone says to you, ‘Look, here is the Christ, the Messiah!’ or ‘There He
is!’ do not believe it. For false Christs and false prophets will appear and
will perform great signs and wonders, so as to deceive, if possible, even
the elect (God’s chosen ones). Watch! I have told you in advance. If
therefore they say to you, ‘Look, He is in the desert,’ do not go out, or,
‘Look, He is in the inner rooms,’ do not believe it. For just as the
lightning comes from the east, and flashes even to the west, so shall the
coming of the Son of Man be. Wherever there is a carcass, there the vultures
“Immediately after the Tribulation of those days,
SUN WILL BE DARKENED AND THE MOON WILL NOT GIVE ITS LIGHT, [Isaiah 13:10],
the stars will fall from the sky, and the powers of THE HEAVENS WILL BE
[Haggai 2:6. Joel 2:10]
THE MESSIAH’S RETURN TO EARTH
the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky, and then all the tribes
of the earth will mourn, and they will see the SON OF
MAN COMING ON THE CLOUDS OF THE SKY [Daniel
with power and great glory. And He will send His angels with a loud trumpet
call and they will gather together His chosen people from the four winds,
even from one end of the heavens to the other.
learn the parable from the fig tree: when its branch has already become
tender, and puts forth leaves, you know that the summer is near; so you
also, when you see all these things, recognize that He is near -
right at the doors. Truly, I tell you, this generation will not pass
away until all these things take place. The heaven and the earth will
pass away, but My words will by no means pass away.
AS THE DAYS OF NOAH
of that exact day and hour no one knows, not even the angels of
heaven, nor the Son, but only My Father. For the days of the coming
of the Son of Man will be just like the days of Noah. For as in the days
before the flood, people were eating and drinking, marrying and
giving in marriage, until the day that Noah entered the ark, and they did
not understand until the flood came and took them all away. It will be like
that at the coming of the Son of Man. There will be two men in the
field; one will be taken, and the other left. Two women will be
grinding at the mill; one will be taken, and the other left. Therefore be on
the alert, for you do not know which day your Master is coming.
be sure of this, that if the head of the house had known at what time the
thief was coming, he would have kept watch and would not have allowed his
house to be broken into. For this reason you also be ready; for the Son of
Man is coming at an hour when you do not expect Him. Who then is the
faithful and sensible servant, whom his master put in charge of his
household to give them food at the proper time?
“Blessed is that servant whose master finds him doing so when he comes.
Truly, I tell you, he will put him in charge of all his possessions. But if
that evil servant says in his heart, ‘My master is delaying his coming,’ and
begins to beat his fellow-servants and to eat and drink with drunkards, the
master of that servant will come on a day when he does not expect him,
and at an hour he is not aware of, and shall cut him in pieces and assign
him a place with the hypocrites, where there will be weeping and gnashing of
while some were talking about the temple, that it was adorned with beautiful
stones and dedicated gifts, Y’shua said, “As for these things which you see,
the time will come when not one stone will be left on another; every one of
them will be thrown down.”
they questioned Him, “Teacher, but when will these things happen? And what
will be the sign that they are about to take place?”
replied, “Watch out that you are not led astray; for many will come in My
Name, claiming, ‘I am He,’ and, ‘The time is at hand.’ Do not go
after them. And when you hear of wars and uprisings - disturbances and
revolutions, do not be terrified; for these things must happen first,
but the end will not come immediately.”
He said to them, “Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against
kingdom, and there will be mighty and violent earthquakes in various places,
and plagues, (pestilences, malignant, contagious or infectious diseases,
and deadly, devastating epidemics), and famines; and there will be
terrors and great signs from heaven.
before all this, they will lay their hands on you and persecute you,
handing you over to the synagogues and prisons, and bringing you
before kings and governors for My Name’s sake. It will provide an
opportunity for you to witness. So make up your minds not to premeditate on
how you will defend yourself; for I will give you a mouth -
words and wisdom which all your adversaries will not be able to resist
you will be betrayed even by parents and brothers, relatives and friends;
and they will put some of you to death. You will be hated by all on
account of My Name, yet not a hair of your head will perish. By your patient
perseverance, you will gain your souls.
THE DESTRUCTION OF JERUSALEM
you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then recognize that its destruction
is near. Then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains, let those in
the city get out, and let those in the country not enter the city, for these
are the days of vengeance when every-thing that has been written will be
agony there will be in those days for pregnant women and nursing mothers!
There will be great distress upon the land and wrath against this people.
They will fall by the edge of the sword, and will be taken as captives into
all the nations; and Jerusalem will be trampled underfoot by the Gentiles
until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled.
THE RETURN OF THE MESSIAH IN GLORY
there will be signs in the sun and moon and stars, and upon earth despair
among nations, with perplexity at the roaring and tossing of the sea. Men’s
hearts will faint from terror, being apprehensive of what is coming upon the
world; for the very powers of the heavens will be shaken. Then will
they see the Son of Man coming in a cloud with power and great glory.
DELIVERANCE FOR BELIEVERS
when these things begin to take place, straighten yourselves and lift up
your heads, because your redemption is drawing near.”
told them a parable: “Look at the fig tree, and all the trees; when they put
forth leaves, you can see for yourselves and know that summer is now
near. Likewise, when you see these things happening, recognize that the
kingdom of God is near. I tell you the truth, this generation will not pass
away until all things take place. The heaven and the earth - the universe
- will pass away, but My words will by no means pass away.
TRIBULATION FOR THE WORLD
guard that your hearts may not be weighed down with dissipation,
excessiveness, drunkenness and the worries of life, and that day come on you
suddenly like a trap; for it will come upon all those who dwell on
the face of the earth.
ESCAPE FOR BELIEVERS
keep on the alert at all times, praying that you may be accounted worthy to
escape all these things that are about to take place, and to stand before
the Son of Man.”
* * *
PARABLE OF TEN VIRGINS
Y’shua taught the following
two parables to emphasize the importance of being ready for HIS RETURN,
and of being faithful to Him until that day.
the kingdom of heaven will be compared to ten virgins who took their lamps
and went out to meet the bridegroom. Five of them were wise, and five were
foolish. Those who were foolish took their lamps, and took no oil with them,
but the wise took oil in containers along with their lamps.
while the bridegroom was delayed, they all became drowsy and slept. And at
midnight there was a cry, “Look! The bridegroom is coming! Come out to meet
all those virgins rose up and trimmed their lamps. And the foolish said to
the wise, “Give us some of your oil, for our lamps are going out.”
the wise answered, “No, there will not be enough for us and you
too; go instead to those who sell oil and buy some for
while they went to buy, the bridegroom came, and those who were ready went
in with him to the wedding feast; and the door was shut.
later the other virgins also came, saying, “Master, Master, open the door
for us!” But he replied, “Truly, I tell you, I do not know you.”
the alert then, for you do not know the day nor the hour when the Son of Man
PARABLE OF THE TALENTS
the kingdom of heaven is like a man about to go on a journey, who called
his own servants and entrusted his possessions to them. To one he gave five
talents of money, to another two talents, and to another one talent,
each according to his ability. Then he went on his journey. (A talent was
quite a huge amount of money).
man who had received the five talents went at once and put his money
to work and gained five more talents. So also the one who had received the
two talents; he gained two more. But the man who received the one talent
went away and dug a hole in the ground and hid his master’s money.
a long time the master of those servants returned and settled accounts with
them. The man who had received the five talents came forward bringing
the extra five talents, saying, “Master, you entrusted five talents to me;
see, I have gained five more talents.”
master replied, “Well done, good and faithful servant! You have been
faithful with a few things; I will put you in charge of many things. Come
and share your master’s happiness.”
one also who had received the two talents also came forward and said,
“Master, you entrusted me with two talents; see I have gained two more
master replied, “Well done, good and faithful servant; you were faithful
with a few things, I will put you in charge of many things. Come and share
your master’s happiness!”
the man who had received the one talent came to him. “Master,” he
said, “I knew that you were a hard man, reaping where you have not sown, and
gathering where you have not scattered seed. And being afraid, I went and
hid your talent in the ground. See, here is what belongs to you.”
wicked, lazy servant!” his master exclaimed. “You knew that I reap where I
have not sown, and gather where I have not scattered seed? Well then, you
ought to have deposited my money with the bankers so that on my return, I
would have received back the capital with interest.
away the talent from him, and give it to the one who has the ten talents!
For everyone who has will be given more, and he will have an abundance. But
whoever does not have, even what he does have will be taken from him. As for
this worthless servant, throw him into the outer darkness where there will
be weeping and gnashing of teeth.”
when the Son of Man comes in His glory, and all the holy angels with Him,
then He will sit on the throne of His glory. And all the nations will be
gathered before Him; and He will separate them one from another, as a
shepherd separates the sheep from the goats; and He will put the sheep on
His right hand, and the goats on the left.
the King will say to those on His right hand, “Come, you who are blessed by
My Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the
world. For I was hungry, and you gave Me something to eat; I was
thirsty, and you gave Me something to drink; I was a stranger, and
you invited Me in; I was naked, and you clothed Me; I was sick and
you visited and looked after Me; I was in prison, and you came to
the righteous will answer Him, “Master, when did we see You hungry and feed
You; or thirsty, and give You something to drink? And when did we see
You a stranger and invite You in, or naked, and clothe You?
And when did we see You sick, or in prison, and come to You?”
the King will answer and say to them, “Truly, I tell you, to the extent that
you did it to one of the least of these brothers of Mine, you did it to Me.”
He will also say to those on His left, “Depart from Me, accursed ones, into
the eternal fire which has been prepared for the devil and his angels; for I
was hungry, and you gave Me nothing to eat; I was thirsty, and you gave Me
nothing to drink; I was a stranger and you did not invite Me in; I was
naked and you did not clothe Me; sick and in prison, and you did not visit
they also will answer, saying, “Master, when did we see You hungry, or
thirsty, or a stranger, or naked, or sick, or in prison, and did not take
care of You?”
He will answer them, “Truly, I tell you, to the extent that you did not do
it to one of the least of these, you did not do it to Me.”
these will go away into eternal punishment, but the righteous into eternal
LAST SUPPER (PASSOVER),
MESSIAH’S PROMISE TO RETURN,
ARREST AND TRIAL
TELLS OF HIS IMMINENT SACRIFICE
when Y’shua had finished speaking all these words, He said to His
disciples, “You know that after two days, Pesach, the Passover, is
coming, and the Son of Man will be handed over to be crucified.”
the chief priests, the scribes, and the elders of the people were assembled
in the court of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas; and they plotted
together to seize Y’shua by stealth and deceit, and to kill Him.
But they said, “Not during the festival, lest there be an uproar among the
one of the twelve disciples, named Judas Iscariot, went to the chief
priests, and said, “What are you willing to give me to hand Him over to
they counted out for him thirty pieces of silver. And from then on he
began looking for a suitable opportunity to betray Y’shua.
PREPARATION FOR PASSOVER
Pesach, the Passover, was a
festival that looked back to the time when Israel was delivered from Egypt.
When the Angel of Death had moved over every home in Egypt, the Israelites
who had kept the first Pesach, sacrificing a lamb and sprinkling the blood
on the doors of their homes, were spared.
The Passover also looked
ahead to the ultimate Sacrifice of the Lamb of God - Y’shua Himself - for
the sins of the world.
During the Passover meal,
Y’shua took bread, saying, “This is My body which is given for you.” He was
indicating that the bread of the Passover, eaten by Jews for centuries, was
pointing to His sacrifice. The bread was a SYMBOL of His body.
came the day of Unleavened Bread on which the Passover lamb must be
sacrificed. So Y’shua sent Peter and John, saying, “Go and make preparations
for us to eat the Passover meal.”
do You want us to prepare it?” they asked Him.
as you enter the city,” He replied. “A man will meet you carrying a pot of
water. Follow him into the house he enters, and say to the owner of the
house, ‘The Teacher is asking you, “Where is the guest room in which I may
eat the Passover with My disciples?”’ And he will show you a large,
furnished, upper room. Make the preparations there.”
they went and found everything just as He had told them; and they
prepared the Passover meal.
the hour came, Y’shua reclined at the table, and the twelve
apostles with Him. Then He said to them, “I have earnestly desired to eat
this Passover with you before I suffer; for I tell you, I will not eat it
again until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God.”
taking a cup, after He had given thanks, He said, “Take this and divide it
among yourselves; for I tell you, I will not drink again of the fruit of the
vine until the kingdom of God comes.”
taking some bread, after He had given thanks, He broke it and
gave to them, saying, “This is My body which is given for you; do this in
remembrance of Me.” In the same way, after they had eaten, He took
the cup, saying, “This cup is the New Covenant ratified by My blood
which is to be poured out for you.
see, the one who is betraying Me is with me, and his hand is
on the table. For certainly the Son of Man is going to His death as
it has been determined by God; but woe to that man by whom He is
betrayed!” Then they began to reason out among themselves, who it could be
that was about to do this treachery.
ONE WHO SERVES
dispute arose among the disciples as to which one of them should be
considered the greatest. And Y'shua said to them, “The kings of the gentiles
lord it over them; and those who have authority over them are called
benefactors. But not so among you. Rather, let him who is the
greatest among you be as the youngest, and the leader as one who serves. For
who is greater, the one who sits at the table, or the one who serves?
Is it not the one who sits at the table? Yet I am among you as the
One who serves.
you are those who have remained with Me in My trials; and just as My Father
has granted Me a kingdom, I grant you, that you may eat and drink at My
table in My kingdom, and sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of
WASHES HIS DISCIPLES’ FEET
before the Feast of Passover, Y’shua knew that His hour had come - that He
should depart out of this world to the Father. And having loved His own who
were in the world, He loved them to the end.
devil had already put it into the heart of Judas Iscariot, the son of
Simon, to betray Him.
the meal, Y’shua, knowing that the Father had given all things into His
hands, and that He had come from God, and was going back to God, rose
from the meal. He laid aside His outer garments, and taking a towel,
He wrapped it around His waist. Then He poured water into the basin,
and began to wash the disciples’ feet, and to wipe them with the towel
which was wrapped around Him.
He came to Simon Peter, that disciple said to Him, “Master, are You
going to wash my feet?”
answered him, “You do not understand what I am doing now; but later on you
said to Him, “You shall never wash my feet!”
answered him, “If I do not wash you, you have no part with Me.”
Peter said to Him, “Master, not just my feet, but also my hands and my
said to him, “He who has had a bath needs to wash only his feet, and then he
is completely clean. And you are clean, but not all of you!” - for He
knew who would betray Him. For this reason He said, “Not all of you are
when He had washed their feet, and had taken His garments, He sat down
again, saying to them:
you know what I have done to you? You call me Teacher and Master; and you
are right, for so I am. If I then, the Master and the Teacher have washed
your feet, you also should wash one another’s feet. For I gave you an
example so that you should do as I have done to you. I am telling you
this truth; a slave is not greater than his master, nor is a messenger
greater than the one who sent him. If you know these things, you will be
blessed if you do them.
“ONE OF YOU WILL BETRAY ME!”
not speak concerning all of you. I know whom I have chosen; but this is
so that the Scripture may be fulfilled,
WHO EATS BREAD WITH ME HAS LIFTED UP HIS HEEL AGAINST ME. [Psalm
now on I am telling you, before it comes to pass, so that when it does
occur, you may believe that I am.
tell you the truth, he who receives anyone I send, receives Me; and he who
receives Me, receives Him who sent Me.”
Y’shua had said this, He was troubled in spirit and testified, saying, “I am
telling you the truth;
one of you
will betray Me.”
disciples then began looking at one another, at a loss to know
of whom He was speaking. And one of His disciples (John), whom Y’shua
loved, was reclining, leaning upon Y’shua. Simon Peter therefore gestured to
him to ask who it was of whom He spoke. Then leaning more on Y’shua, John
asked Him, “Master, who is it?”
answered, “It is the one to whom I will give the piece of bread after I have
after dipping the piece of bread, He gave it to Judas, the son of
Simon Iscariot. And after receiving the piece of bread, Satan entered
then said to him, “What you must do, do quickly.”
one reclining at the table knew why He had said this to him. Some
were supposing that since Judas had the money bag, Y’shua was saying
to him, “Buy what we need for the feast”; or else, that he should give
something to the poor. And so, after receiving the piece of bread, he went
out immediately; and it was night.
Judas had gone out, Y’shua said, “Now the Son of Man is glorified,
and God is glorified in Him. If God is glorified in Him, God will also
glorify Him in Himself, and will glorify Him immediately.
“Little children, I will be with you only a little while longer. You will
seek Me; and as I said to the Jews, ‘Where I am going, you are unable to
come,’ now I say this to you also.
commandment I give you:
LOVE ONE ANOTHER!
as I have loved you, you also love one another. By this all men will
know that you are My disciples, if you have love for one another.”
Peter said to Him, “Master, where are You going?” Y’shua answered him,
“Where I go, you cannot follow Me now; but afterwards you will follow Me.”
said to Him, “Master, why can I not follow You now? I will lay down my life
answered him, “Will you lay down your life for Me? I am telling you the
truth, a cock will not crow until you have denied Me three times.”
Master said, “Simon, Simon! Look, Satan has demanded permission to
sift you like wheat; but I have prayed for you, that your faith may not
fail; and when once you have turned again, strengthen your brothers.”
asked the disciples, “When I sent you out without purse, bag and sandals,
you did not lack anything, did you?” And they said, “No,
said to them, “But now, let him who has a purse take it along, likewise also
a bag; and let him who has no sword sell his garment and buy one. For I tell
you, that this which is written must be fulfilled in Me - AND HE
WAS CLASSED AMONG CRIMINALS;
for that which refers to Me has its fulfilment.”
they said, “Master, look, here are two swords.” And He said to them, “It is
MASTER’S LAST MESSAGES
John records the Messiah’s
last messages to the disciples before His crucifixion. They form chapters
14, 15 & 16 of John's Gospel. Each chapter provides much comfort and
instruction for us today, as well as for the first disciples.
“Let not your heart be troubled;
believe in God, believe also in Me. In My Father’s House are many dwelling
places; if it were not so, I would have told you, for I am going there
to prepare a place for you. And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will
come again and receive you to Myself, so that you also may be where I am.
And you know where I am going, and you know the way there.”
said to Him, “Master, we do not know where You are going; how can we know
the way?” Y’shua answered him,
“I AM the WAY, the TRUTH, and the LIFE,
comes to the Father, except through Me. If you had really known Me,
you would have known My Father also. From now on you know Him, and have seen
said to Him, “Master, show us the Father, and that will be enough for us.”
said to him, “Have you not come to know Me yet, Philip, even after I
have been among you such a long time? He who has seen Me has seen the
Father; how do you say then, ‘Show us the Father’? Do you not believe
that I am in the Father, and the Father is in Me? The words that I speak to
you I do not speak on My own initiative. Rather it is the
Father living in Me who is doing His works. Believe Me that I am in the
Father, and the Father is in Me; otherwise believe because of the evidence
of the works themselves.
tell you the truth, he who believes (trusts in and has faith) in Me
will also do the works that I do; and he will do even greater works
than these, because I go to the Father. And whatever you ask in My Name,
that will I do, so that the Father may be glorified in the Son. If you ask
anything in My Name, I will do it.”
I LEAVE WITH YOU”
peace I give to you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let
your heart be troubled, neither let it be afraid. You heard that I
said to you, ‘I am going away, and I am coming to you.’ If you loved Me, you
would have rejoiced, because I said I am going to the Father; for the Father
is greater than I. And now I have told you before it happens, so that when
it does happen, you will believe.
will not speak with you much longer, for the ruler of the world is coming,
and he has nothing in Me; but I do as the Father has commanded Me so that
the world may know that I love the Father. Get up, let us go from here.”
an hour is coming, and has already come, when you will be scattered,
each in his own direction, and you will leave Me alone. And yet
I am not alone, because the Father is with Me. These things I have spoken to
you, so that in Me you may have peace. In the world you will have
tribulation, but take courage! I have overcome the world.”
(JOHN CHAPTERS 15 & 16 ARE AT THE END OF THIS SERIES.)
Y’SHUA’S INTERCESSORY PRAYER
Knowing that the time had
come for Him to lay down His life for the sins of the world," Y’shua prayed
for His disciples, and for all who would believe through them.
spoke these words, lifting up His eyes to heaven:
“Father, the hour has come; glorify Your Son so that Your Son may glorify
You. For You gave Him authority over all people, that He may give eternal
life to all whom You have given Him. And this is eternal life, that they may
know You, the only true God, and Y’shua the Messiah whom You have sent.
glorified You on earth; I have accomplished the work which You gave Me to
do. And now glorify Me together with Yourself, Father, with the glory which
I had with You before the world was.
have revealed Your Name to the men whom You gave Me out of the world. They
were Yours, and You gave them to Me, and they have kept Your Word. Now they
have come to know that everything You have given Me is from You, for the
words which You gave Me, I have given to them; and they have received
them, and have truly under-stood that I came from You, and they have
believed that You sent Me. I pray for them. I do not ask for the world, but
for those whom You have given Me, for they are Yours, and all that are
Mine are Yours; and Yours are Mine; and I have been glorified in
am no longer in the world, but these are in the world, and I come to You.
Holy Father, keep those whom You have given Me through Your Name, the
Name which You have given Me, that they may be one, even as We are.
While I was with them in the world, I was keeping them through Your Name
which You have given Me. I have kept those whom You have given Me, and not
one of them has perished except ‘the son of destruction,’ that the Scripture
might be fulfilled. But now I come to You. And I speak these words
while I am in the world, so that My joy may be full and
complete in them.
have given them Your Word, and the world has hated them because they are not
of the world, even as I am not of the world. I do not ask that You take them
out of the world, but that You keep them from the evil one. They are
not of the world, even as I am not of the world. Sanctify them in Your truth
- Your Word is truth. As You sent Me into the world, I also have sent them
into the world. And for their sakes I sanctify Myself, that they also may be
sanctified in truth.
not ask for these alone, but also for those who will believe in Me through
their word - that they may all be one; even as You, Father, are in
Me, and I am in You, that they also may be one in Us; so that the
world may believe that You sent Me. And the glory which You gave Me I have
given them, so that they may be one, just as We are one - I in them, and You
in Me, so that they may be perfected into one, and that the world may know
that You sent Me and that You have loved them even as You have loved
“Father, I desire that those whom You have given Me might be with Me where I
am, so that they may see My glory which You have given Me; for You loved Me
before the foundation of the world.
righteous Father, although the world has not known You, yet I have known
You, and these have known that You sent Me; and I have made Your Name known
to them, and will make it known, so that the love with which You loved Me
may be in them, and I in them.”
LUKE 22:51, MATTHEW 26:52-53
they came to a place named Gethsemane; and Y’shua said to His disciples,
“Sit here while I pray.”
took Peter, James and John with Him, and began to be deeply distressed and
troubled. “My soul is overwhelmed with sorrow to the point of death,” He
said to them. “Stay here and keep watch.”
went a little beyond them and fell to the ground, and prayed that if
it were possible, the hour might pass Him by. “Abba,” (which means
Father),” He said, “all things are possible for You. Take away this cup from
Me; yet not what I will, but what You will, be done.”
he came and found His disciples sleeping. He said to Peter, “Simon,
are you asleep? Have you not been able to keep watch for one hour? Watch and
pray so that you may not fall into temptation. The spirit is willing, but
the body is weak.”
more He went a little apart and prayed the same words. Then turning
He again found them sleeping, because their eyes were very heavy; and they
did not know what to answer Him.
Returning the third time, He said to them, “Sleep on now! Take your rest! It
is enough! The hour has come. Look! The Son of Man is being betrayed into
the hands of sinners. Get up! Let us go! See, here comes My betrayer!”
then, while He was still speaking, Judas, one of the Twelve, appeared. With
him was a crowd armed with swords and clubs, sent from the chief priests,
the scribes and the elders of the Sanhedrin.
His betrayer had given them a signal: “The one I shall kiss is the One;
seize Him, and lead Him away under guard.” So when he came, he at
once went up to Y’shua and said, “Rabbi!”, and kissed Him.
they seized Y’shua and arrested Him. But one of those who were standing
near, drew his sword and struck the servant of the high priest, cutting off
his ear. But Y’shua said, “Stop! No more of this. Put your sword back into
its place; for all who draw the sword will die by the sword. Do you think I
cannot call on My Father, and He will at once put at my disposal more than
twelve legions of angels?” Then He touched the man’s ear and healed him.
then said to them, “Have you come with swords and clubs out to arrest Me, as
against a robber? Every day I was with you teaching in the temple, and you
did not arrest Me. But the Scriptures must be fulfilled.”
all the disciples deserted Him and fled.
OLIVE TREES IN THE GARDEN OF GETHSEMANE - EASTERN SIDE OF JERUSALEM
Photo by courtesy of
EXAMINED BY THE PRIESTS
band of soldiers and the commander, and the officers of the Jews, seized
Y’shua and bound Him, and led Him away to Annas first, for he was
father-in-law of Caiaphas, who was high priest that year.
Caiaphas was the one who had advised the Jews that it was expedient for one
man to die on behalf of the people. The high priest therefore questioned
Y’shua about His disciples, and about His teaching.
JEWISH HIGH PRIEST
answered him, “I have spoken openly to the world; I always taught in
synagogues, and in the temple, where all the Jews come together; and I spoke
nothing in secret. Why do you question Me? Ask those who have heard what I
spoke to them. Look, they know what I said!”
when He had said this, one of the officers standing nearby gave Y’shua a
blow, saying, “Is that the way You answer the high priest?”
answered him, “If I have spoken wrongly, bear witness of the wrong; but if
rightly, why do you strike Me?”
therefore sent Him bound to Caiaphas the high priest.
DENIES HIS MASTER
Peter and another disciple were following Y’shua. Now that disciple was
known to the high priest, and he entered with Y’shua into the
courtyard of the high priest, but Peter was standing at the door outside. So
the other disciple, who was known to the high priest, went out and spoke to
the doorkeeper, and brought Peter in.
servant girl who kept the door said to Peter, “Are you also one of
this Man’s disciples?” He said, “I am not.”
the servants and officers who had made a fire of coal were standing there,
warming themselves because it was cold. And Peter was standing with them and
warming himself. ... And they said to him, “Are you also one of His
disciples?” He denied it, saying, “I am not!”
the servants of the high priest, being a relative of the one whose
ear Peter cut off, said, “Didn’t I see you in the garden with Him?”
then denied again; and immediately a cock crowed.
TRIAL OF Y’SHUA
men who were holding Y’shua in custody were mocking and beating Him;
and having blindfolded Him, they were striking Him on the face, asking Him,
“Prophesy! Who is it that stuck You?” And many other blasphemous and
insulting things they spoke against Him.
when it was day, the elders of the people, both chief priests and scribes
(teachers of the law) came together, and they led Him away to their
Sanhedrin, saying, “If You are the Messiah, tell us.”
said to them, “If I tell you, you will definitely not believe; and if I ask
a question, you will certainly not answer. But from now on,
SON OF MAN WILL BE SEATED AT THE RIGHT HAND of the
power of God.” [Psalm
they all said, “Are You then the Son of God?” And He said to them, “You say
that I am.” And they said, “What further witness do we need? For we have
heard it ourselves from His own mouth.”
PILATE THE GOVERNOR
MARK 15:1. LUKE
they put Y’shua in chains, led Him away, and turned Him over to Pilate,
the Roman Governor.
they began to accuse Him, saying, “We found this man misleading the nation
and forbidding to pay taxes to Caesar, and saying that He Himself is
Messiah, a King.”
Pilate asked Him, “Are You the King of the Jews?”
answered him, “It is as you say.”
Pilate said to the chief priests and the crowd, “I find no guilt in this
man.” But they kept on insisting, “He stirs up the people, teaching all over
Judea, beginning from Galilee, and reaching to this place.”
when Pilate heard “Galilee,” he asked whether the Man were a Galilean. And
when he learned that He belonged to Herod’s jurisdiction, he sent Him to
Herod, who was also in Jerusalem at that time.
BEFORE KING HEROD
Herod was very glad when he saw Y’shua, for he had wanted to see Him for a
long time, because he had been hearing about Him and was hoping to
see Him perform some miracle. So he questioned Him at great length, but He
answered him nothing. And the chief priests and the scribes stood there,
accusing Him intensely.
Herod with his soldiers, after treating Him with contempt and mocking Him,
dressed Him in a gorgeous robe and sent Him back to Pilate. Now Herod and
Pilate became friends with one another that very day; for before they had
been at enmity with each other.
“AWAY WITH THIS MAN!”
Pilate, having called together the chief priests, the rulers, and the
people, said to them. “You have brought this Man to me, as one who incites
the people to rebellion. And indeed, having examined Him in your
presence, I have found no fault in this Man concerning those things of which
you accuse Him; and neither did Herod, for he sent Him back to us. And look,
He has done nothing worthy of death. I will therefore chastise Him and
they all cried out - the whole crowd, saying, “Away with this Man, and
release to us Barabbas.”
chief priests kept on persistently accusing Him of many things,
but He answered nothing. So Pilate questioned Him again: “Do You make no
answer? See how many charges they bring against You!”
Y’shua still made no reply, so that Pilate was amazed.
the Feast it was the custom of Pilate to release any one
prisoner whom the people requested. And there was a man named Barabbas in
prison along with other insurrectionists who had committed murder in the
uprising. And the crowd came and began asking Pilate to do just as he had
always done for them.
asked them: “Do you want me to release to you the King of the Jews?” For he
was aware that it was out of envy that the chief priests had handed Y’shua
over to him. But the chief priests stirred up the crowd to ask him to
release for them Barabbas instead.
Pilate asked them, “What shall I do, then, with the One you call the King of
the Jews?” “Crucify Him!” they shouted back.
what crime has He done?” Pilate asked.
they shouted all the more, “Crucify Him!”
wanting to satisfy the crowd, Pilate released Barabbas to them; and after
having Y’shua scourged - flogged with a spiked whip, he handed Him
over to be crucified.
the soldiers led Him away into the courtyard of the palace, that is the
Praetorium - the Governor’s headquarters, and they called together
the whole company of Roman soldiers. There they dressed Him in
a purple garment, and after twisting together a crown of thorns, they
put it on His head; and they began to salute Him:
King of the Jews!” And they kept on beating His head with a staff, spitting
on Him, and kneeling and bowing in mockery before Him. And after they
had finished making sport of Him, they took the purple garment
off Him, and put His own clothes on Him. Then they led Him out to crucify
ISCARIOT HANGS HIMSELF
when Judas, who had betrayed Him, saw that Y’shua had been condemned, he
repented (he was seized with remorse) and returned the thirty pieces
of silver to the chief priests and elders, saying, “I have sinned by
betraying innocent blood.” But they said, “What is that to us? See to
he threw down the pieces of silver in the sanctuary and departed, and went
away and hanged himself.
the chief priests took the silver pieces and said, “It is not lawful to put
them into the treasury, because they are the price of blood.” So they took
counsel and bought with the silver, the potter’s field, for the
burial of strangers.
WAY TO CALVARY
they led Y’shua away, they laid hold of one Simon, a Cyrenian, who was
coming in from the country, and placed the cross on him, to carry it behind
great number of the people were following Him, and women who also were
mourning and wailing for Him. But Y’shua, turning to them, said,
“Daughters of Jerusalem, do not weep for Me, but weep for your-selves and
for your children. For look, the days are coming when they will say,
‘Blessed are the barren, and the wombs that never bore, and the breasts that
never nursed!’ Then they will begin to say to the mountains, ‘Fall on us,’
and to the hills, ‘Cover us’.”
CRUCIFIXION OF THE MESSIAH,
BURIAL, AND RESURRECTION
CRUCIFIXION OF THE MESSIAH
Matthew 27:34. Luke 23:34. John 19:23-24. Luke 23:35-38. John 19:21-22. Mark
15:29-30. Luke 23:39-43. John 19:25-27. Matt. 27:45-49. John 19:28-30. Luke
23:46. Matt. 27:51-53. John 19:31-37. Luke 23:47-49.
Crucifixion was a most cruel
form of Roman execution. It was reserved for the worst criminals, and was
aimed at deterring rebellion and extreme forms of crime. The cruel
punishment allotted out to offenders was exhibited in public. A criminal was
tied to a wooden cross or stake, and then nails were driven through his
hands and feet. The cross was then dropped into a hole, so that the
condemned person was suspended above the ground. He was then left to die in
great agony. Often the criminal was scourged (severely whipped) beforehand,
so that his body was weakened. Death would come after some hours, or
sometimes after some days. But if for any reason, authorities wanted to
hasten the death of the criminal, they would break his legs.
were two others, both criminals, also led out with Y’shua to be
executed. And when they came to Calvary, the place called “The Skull,” there
they crucified Him along with the criminals - one of His right, the other on
GOLGOTHA – THE PLACE OF A SKULL
soldiers offered Him wine mingled with gall to drink. And after tasting it,
He would not drink. Then Y’shua prayed;
“FATHER, FORGIVE THEM, FOR THEY DO NOT KNOW WHAT THEY ARE
the soldiers, when they had crucified Y’shua, took His garments and made
four parts, to each soldier a part, and also the tunic. Now the tunic was
without seam, woven from the top in one piece.
they said to each other, ‘Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it - whose
it shall be.’ This was so that the Scripture might be fulfilled which
DIVIDED MY GARMENTS AMONG THEM, AND FOR MY CLOTHING THEY CAST LOTS.
the people stood watching, but the rulers scoffed and sneered at Him. “He
saved others,” they said, “let Him save Himself if He is really the
Messiah, the One chosen by God.”
soldiers also, coming up and offering Him sour wine, made sport of Him,
saying, “If You are the King of the Jews, save Yourself!” For there was also
an inscription above Him, written in Greek, Latin and Hebrew which read:
“THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.”
chief priests of the Jews said to Pilate, “Do not write, ‘The King of the
Jews’; but, ‘He said, “I am the King of the Jews”.’ ” Pilate answered, “What
I have written I have written.”
those passing by were blaspheming Him, wagging their heads and saying, “Ha!
You who destroy the Temple and build it in three days, save Yourself,
and come down from the stake!”
one of the criminals who were hanging there, hurled abuse at Him:
“Aren’t You the Messiah? Save Yourself and us!” But the other criminal
rebuked the first: “Don’t you even fear God,” he said, “since you are under
the same sentence? We are being punished justly, getting what
we deserve for our crime; but this Man has done nothing wrong.” Then he said
to Y’shua, “Master, remember me when You come into Your kingdom!” And
Y’shua answered him;
TODAY YOU WILL BE WITH ME IN PARADISE.”
standing near the cross of Y’shua were His mother, and His mother’s sister,
Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene.
Y’shua, seeing His mother and the disciple whom He loved standing nearby,
said to His mother,
“WOMAN, SEE YOUR SON!”
to the disciple He said,
“SEE YOUR MOTHER!”
from that hour the disciple took her into his own home.
from the sixth hour (12 midday) darkness fell upon all the land until the
ninth hour (3 pm). And about the ninth hour Y’shua cried out with a loud
“MY GOD, MY GOD, WHY HAVE YOU FORSAKEN ME?”
of those standing there, when they heard this, said, “This Man
is calling for Elijah.” And immediately one of them ran, and taking a
sponge, filled it with sour wine, and put it on a reed, and gave Him to
drink. But the rest of them said, “Leave it. Let us see if
Elijah comes to save Him.”
this, Y’shua, knowing that all things were now accomplished, in order that
the Scripture might be fulfilled, said;
“I AM THIRSTY!”
jar full of sour wine was standing there; so they put a sponge full of sour
wine upon a branch of hyssop, and held it up to His mouth. So when
Y’shua had received the sour wine, He said;
“IT IS FINISHED!”
Y’shua called out with a loud voice;
“FATHER, INTO YOUR HANDS I COMMIT MY SPIRIT.”
with these words He gave up His spirit and breathed His last.
the curtain of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom, and the earth
shook; and the rocks were split, and the tombs were opened; and the bodies
of many holy believers who had fallen asleep (died), were raised; and
coming out of the tombs after His resurrection, they entered the holy city
and appeared to many.”
Because it was the day of preparation, that the bodies should not
remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a high day),
the Jews asked Pilate to have their legs broken, and that they be
taken away. So the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first man,
and of the other who was crucified with Him. But when they came to Y’shua
and saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs.
one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and instantly blood and
water came out. And he who has seen all this has witnessed, and his
witness is true; and he knows that he is speaking the truth, so that you
also may believe. For these things took place, in order for the Scriptures
to be fulfilled: NOT
ONE OF HIS BONES SHALL BE BROKEN.
[Psalm 34:20]. And
again another Scripture says, THEY
SHALL LOOK ON HIM WHOM THEY PIERCED.
centurion, seeing what had happened, began to praise God, and said,
“Without doubt this was a righteous Man.” And when all the crowds that had
gathered to witness this spectacle saw what took place, they returned
home beating their breasts.
all the acquaintances of Y’shua, including the women who accompanied Him
from Galilee, were standing at a distance, watching these
BURIAL OF Y’SHUA’S DEAD BODY
THE EMPTY TOMB OUTSIDE THE GATES OF JERUSALEM –
THIS WAS THE ACTUAL TOMB OF THE MESSIAH
there was a man named Joseph, a member of the Council - a good and
righteous man, who had not consented to their plan and action; a man
of Arimathea, a city of the Jews, who himself was also waiting for the
kingdom of God; this man went to Pilate and asked for the body of
he took it down, wrapped it in a linen cloth, and laid it in a tomb cut into
rock, where no-one had ever lain before. And it was the Preparation Day, and
the Sabbath was about to begin.
the women who had come with Y’shua out of Galilee followed and saw
the tomb and how His body was laid. Then they returned and prepared spices
and perfumes. And on the Sabbath they rested according to the command.
PLACE INSIDE THE GARDEN TOMB WHERE THE DEAD BODY OF Y’SHUA LAY FOR THREE
Photo by courtesy of
the next day, that is, the one after the preparation, the chief
priests and the Pharisees gathered together to Pilate, and said, “Sir, we
remember that when He was still alive, that deceiver said, ‘After
three days I will rise again.’
Therefore, give orders for the tomb to be made secure until the third day,
lest the disciples come by night and steal Him away and say to the people,
‘He has risen from the dead,’ and the last deception will be worse than the
Pilate said to them, “You have a guard; go, make it as secure as you
know how.” And they went and made the tomb secure, and as well as the guard,
they set a seal on the stone.
RESURRECTION OF THE MESSIAH
Matt 28:2-8. John 20:3-10. John 20:11-18. Matt 28:9-15
when the Sabbath was over, Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of
James, and Salome, bought spices, that they might come and anoint Him. And
very early on the first day of the week, they came to the tomb when the sun
was rising. And they said to one another, “Who will roll away the stone from
the entrance of the tomb for us?”
suddenly there was a severe earthquake, for an angel of YHWH the
down from heaven and came to the tomb. He rolled back the
stone from the door, and sat on it. His appearance was like lightning, and
his clothes were as white as snow. The guards were so afraid of him
that they shook and became like dead men.
looking up, the women saw that the stone had been rolled away
already - for it was extremely large. And entering the tomb, they saw a
young man sitting on the right, wearing a white robe; and they were alarmed.
the angel said to the women, “Do not be afraid; for I know that you are
looking for Y’shua, the One who was crucified. He is not here, for He has
been raised, just as He said. Come, see the place where He lay. Then go
quickly and tell His disciples ‘He has been raised from the dead; and now He
is going ahead of you into Galilee. You will see Him there.’ Note what I
have told you!”
they hurried away from the tomb, afraid, yet filled with great joy, and ran
to tell His disciples.
AND JOHN ENTER THE EMPTY TOMB
Peter and the other disciple came out, and they went to the tomb. Both of
them were running together, but the other disciple (John) outran
Peter, and came to the tomb first; and stooping and looking in, he
saw the linen wrappings lying there; but he did not go in.
Simon Peter who was behind him, arrived and went into the tomb. And he saw
wrappings lying there, and the cloth which had been on Y’shua’s head,
not lying with the linen wrappings, but folded up in a place by itself.
the other disciple, who had reached the tomb first, also went in. And he saw
and believed. For they did not yet understand the Scripture, that He must
rise again from the dead. So the disciples went away again, by themselves.
MAGDALENE SEES THE MASTER
was standing outside, near the tomb, crying; and as she wept, she stooped
and looked into the tomb; and she saw two angels in white,
sitting, one at the head, and one at the feet, where the body of Y’shua had
they said to her, “Woman, why are you crying?” She said to them, “Because
they have taken away my Master, and I do not know where they have laid Him.”
When she had said this, she turned around and saw Y’shua standing there,
and did not know that it was Him.
said to her, “Woman, why are you crying? Whom are you seeking?”
Supposing Him to be the gardener, she said to Him, “Sir, if you have carried
Him away, tell me where you have laid Him, and I will take Him away.”
said to her, “Mary!”
turned and exclaimed, “Rabboni!” (which in Hebrew means,
said to her, “Do not cling to Me; for I have not yet ascended to My Father;
but go to My brethren, and tell them, ‘I am ascending to My Father and your
Father, and to My God and your God’.”
Mary Magdalene came, announcing to the disciples that she had seen the
Master, and that He had said these things to her.
WOMEN MEET THE MASTER
women went, suddenly Y’shua met them and greeted them. Then they came
close to Him, clasped His feet and worshipped Him. Then Y’shua said to
them, “Do not be afraid. Go and tell My brethren to go into Galilee, and
they will see Me there.”
while the women were on their way, some of the soldiers who
were guarding the tomb came into the city and reported to the
chief priests everything that had happened. So after the chief priests
met and consulted with the elders, they gave a large sum of money to the
soldiers, telling them, “You are to say, ‘His disciples came during the
night and stole Him away while we were asleep.’ And if this report
gets to the governor, we will win him over and keep you out of trouble.” So
the soldiers took the money and did as they were instructed; and this
story has been widely circulated among the Jews to this very day.
DISCIPLES WALK WITH THE MASTER
disciples were going that same day to a village named Emmaus, which was
about twelve kilometres from Jerusalem. And they were talking to each other
about everything that had happened. Now while they were talking and
reasoning, Y’shua Himself drew near and went with them, but their eyes were
prevented from recognizing Him.
said to them, “What are you discussing together while walking along?
Why are you looking sad?”
the one whose name was Cleopas, answered Him, “Are You the only one visiting
Jerusalem who does not know what has happened here during these days?”
said to them, “What things?”
they said to Him, “The things concerning Y’shua of Nazareth, who was a
Prophet, mighty in deed and word in the sight of God and all the people, and
how the chief priests and our rulers gave Him over to be condemned to death,
and crucified Him. But we were hoping that it was He who was going to redeem
Israel. Indeed, besides all this, today is the third day since these things
also some women among us astonished us. They were at the tomb early in the
morning, and did not find His body. But they came saying they had
seen a vision of angels who said that He was alive. And some of those who
were with us went to the tomb and found it just as the women had said; but
Y'shua Himself they did not see.”
Y’shua said to them, “O foolish and slow of heart to believe all that the
prophets have spoken! Was it not necessary for the Messiah to suffer these
things before entering into His glory?” And beginning with Moses and all the
prophets, He explained to them the things concerning Himself in all the
they approached the village where they were going, He acted as though He
would go further. But they urged Him, saying, “Stay with us, for it is
getting toward evening, and the day is now nearly over.”
went in to stay with them. And it came about that when He sat at the
table with them, He took the bread and blessed it, and breaking
it, He began giving it to them. And their eyes were
opened and they recognized Him; and He vanished from their sight.
they said to one another, “Were not our hearts burning within us as He was
speaking to us on the road, and as He was explaining the Scriptures to us?”
So they rose up that very hour and returned to Jerusalem, and found the
eleven and those who were with them gathered together, who told them, “The
Master has risen indeed, and has appeared to Simon.”
they began to relate their experiences on the road and how
they recognized Him when He broke the bread.
APPEARS TO THE DISCIPLES IN A LOCKED ROOM
on the evening of that first day of the week, when the disciples were
together, with the doors locked for fear of the Jews, Y’shua came and stood
among them, and said, “Peace to you.”
when He had said this, He showed them His hands and His side. The
disciples therefore rejoiced when they saw the Master. Then Y’shua said to
them again, “Peace to you. As the Father has sent Me, I am also sending
when He had said this, He breathed on them, and said to them,
“Receive the Holy Spirit. If you forgive the sins of anyone, their sins
are forgiven; if you retain the sins of anyone, they are retained.”
Thomas, called Didymus, one of the twelve, was not with them when Y’shua
came. So later the other disciples were telling him, “We have seen the
Thomas said to them, “Unless I see in His hands the mark of the nails, and
put my finger into the imprint of the nails, and put my hand into His side,
I will not believe.”
ALSO SEES THE RISEN MASTER
eight days His disciples were again inside a room, and Thomas was
with them; the doors being locked. And Y’shua came and stood among
them, and said, “Peace to you.”
He said to Thomas, “Put your finger here, and see My hands; and stretch out
your hand, and put it into My side. Do not be unbelieving, but believing.”
answered, saying to Him, “My Master and my God!”
said to him, “Because you have seen Me, you have believed. Blessed are
they who have not seen, and yet have believed.”
Y’shua did many other signs also in the presence of the disciples, which are
not written in this book; but these are written that you may believe that
Y’shua is the Messiah, the Son of God, and that, believing, you may have
life in His Name.
SAVIOUR APPEARS TO THE DISCIPLES AT GALILEE
this Y’shua showed Himself again to the disciples at the sea of Tiberias. He
appeared in this way:
Peter, Thomas called Didymus, and Nathanael of Cana in Galilee, the sons
of Zebedee, and two others of His disciples were together. Simon Peter said
to them, “I am going out to fish.” They said to him, “We also will go with
they went out, and immediately got into the boat. But that night they caught
early in the morning, Y’shua was standing on the beach; yet the
disciples did not know that it was Y’shua. Then Y’shua said to them, “Young
fellows, do you have any meat - any fish?” They answered Him,
He said to them, “Throw the net on the right side of the boat, and you will
find a catch.”
they threw the net, and then they were not able to haul it in because
of the large number of fish. That disciple whom Y’shua loved then said to
Peter, “It is the Master!”
Simon Peter heard that it was the Master, he put on his outer garment
(for he was stripped for work), and jumped into the sea. But the
other disciples came in the little boat, dragging the net full of
fish, for they were not far from the land - about one hundred yards away.
when they had come to the land, they saw a fire of coals there with
fish laid on it, and bread. Y’shua said to them, “Bring some of the fish
which you have just caught.”
Peter went up and dragged the net to land. It was filled with a hundred and
fifty-three large fish; and although there were so many, the net was not
said to them, “Come and have breakfast.” And none of the disciples
ventured to ask Him, “Who are You?” They knew it was the Master. Y’shua came
and took the bread, and gave them, and the fish likewise. This was now the
third time that Y’shua appeared to His disciples (as a group), after
He was raised from the dead.
SIMON PETER’S COMMISSION
when they had eaten breakfast, Y’shua said to Simon Peter, “‘Simon, son
of Jonah, do you love Me more than these?” He said to Him, “Yes, Master! You
know that I love You.” He said to him, “Feed My lambs.”
said to him again, the second time, “Simon, son of Jonah, do you love
Me?” He said to Him, “Yes, Master. You know that I love You.” He said to
him, “Shepherd My sheep.”
said to him the third time, “Simon, son of Jonah, do you love Me?”
Peter was grieved because He said to him the third time, “Do you love Me?”
And he said to Him, “Master, You know all things; You know that I love You.”
said to him, “Feed My sheep. I am telling you the truth; when you were
younger, you used to dress yourself, and walk wherever you wished; but when
you grow old you will stretch out your hands, and someone else will dress
you, and carry you where you do not wish to go.”
this He said, signifying by what kind of death Peter would glorify God -
crucifixion. (Peter was indeed crucified in Rome some years later). And
when He had spoken this, He said to him, “Follow Me!”
turning around, saw the disciple whom Y’shua loved following them;
that is, John, who also had leaned over Him at the supper, and said,
“Master, who is the one who betrays You?”
him, Peter said to Y’shua, “Master, and what about this man?” Y’shua
said to him, “If I want him to remain until I come back, what is
that to you? You follow Me!”
this word went out among the brethren that that disciple (John) would
not die. However, Y’shua did not say to him that he would not die; but
only, “If I want him to remain until I come back, what is that
writer of this Gospel (John) is the disciple who testifies of these
things, and wrote these things; and we know that his witness is true.
there are also many other things which Y’shua did, which if they were
written in detail, I suppose that even the world itself would not have room
for all the books that would be written.