The Life &
Y’SHUA THE MESSIAH
recorded in the Four Gospels of the Holy Bible
CPV – a
Clear Preferred Version
1 THE BIRTH AND CHILDHOOD OF THE MESSIAH
THE BEGINNING OF THE MESSIAH’S MINISTRY
3 Y’SHUA’S FIRST RECORDED MIRACLE
AND THE EARLY MINISTRY
4 HEALING ON THE SABBATH, THE SERMON ON THE MOUNT,AND
RAISING PEOPLE FROM THE DEAD
THE 12 DISCIPLES, THE FEEDING OF 5,000 PEOPLE,AND
PARABLES OF THE MESSIAH
THE BREAD OF LIFE, THE TRANSFIGURATION, ND THE
FEAST OF TABERNACLES
THE LIGHT OF THE WORLD, THE GOOD SHEPHERD, AND THE
THE LOST SHEEP, THE LOST COIN, & THE LOST SON
THE RICH, THE POOR, AND THE NEEDY
LAZARUS RAISED TO LIFE, MESSIAH’S TRIUMPHANT ENTRY, AND HIS LAMENT
PROPHECIES ABOUT JERUSALEM, THE END TIMES,
AND THE KINGDOM OF GOD
THE LAST SUPPER (PASSOVER), MESSIAH’S PROMISE TO RETURN,
HIS INTERCESSORY PRAYER, HIS ARREST AND TRIAL
THE CRUCIFIXION OF THE MESSIAH, HIS BURIAL, AND
THE ASCENSION OF THE MESSIAH, AND THE DAY OF PENTECOST
14 SALVATION through Y’SHUA
THE TWO NEW TESTAMENT GENEALOGIES OF Y’SHUA
SOME OF THE MASTER'S FINAL WORDS BEFORE HE WAS CRUCIFIED
harmonized account of the main teachings and events of the life of Y’shua
the Messiah, compiled from the
in the Bible.
Gospels are the inspired writings of four early, 1st Century A.D. disciples
of Y’shua - Matthew, Mark, Luke and John.
among the Master’s twelve closest disciples. They witnessed the events and
heard Y’shua’s words first hand. Matthew was originally a tax-collector.
John was a fisherman.
also an early, but younger, disciple. His mother, one of the several Marys
mentioned in the Gospels, lived in Jerusalem (Acts
He was called John Mark, and was a cousin of Barnabas.
accompanied Paul and Barnabas on part of their first missionary journey.
Later, Mark was a great comfort to Paul who was in prison in Rome. Mark was
also regarded as a son by the apostle Peter. Mark’s Gospel is based on what
he himself had seen and heard of the Master, and on what he had heard from
the leading apostles, Peter and Paul.
physician and a close travelling companion of Paul. He also worked with John
Mark and knew him well. Luke was the only non-Jewish writer of a Bible
book. (He wrote the book of Acts as well as the Gospel of Luke.)
of the four writers give various details of the life of Y'shua. A number of
events are recorded by each of them, but together the four accounts give a
much fuller picture of the Messiah.
booklet has been prepared for people who are seeking to understand who
Y’shua the Messiah (Jesus Christ) really was, and what He said and did, and
why He has been worshiped by hundreds of millions around the world.
young man, Y'shua was thoroughly versed in the Hebrew Scriptures, and worked
as a carpenter. His public ministry as a teacher began at the age of 30, and
continued for 3 ½
OF JESUS / Y’SHUA
is the actual Hebrew Name given to the Messiah - the Anointed One. Hebrew
was, and is, the language of Israel. In English His Name is usually written
as Jesus, but we have preferred to use His original name.
fact, a name should sound the same in every language, but some tongues have
difficulty in pronouncing the original Name - Y’shua. For example, the
Greeks had no Y or SH in their language, so they substituted I for Y, and
SOU for SHU, to write and speak the Saviour’s Name in their own way -
Because of transliteration problems, the Name Y’shua has been written as
Yeshu, Yesu, Jesu, Jesus, Yesus, Iesous, Iesus, Isa, and Isua. But all these
forms come from the original Hebrew word, Y’shua.
it matter which form of the Name we use? In one sense, no. But we prefer the
Hebrew Name, first because it is the original Name, and secondly, because
the Hebrew gives us the meaning of the Name
stands for YAH (the short form of the Name of YHWH - Yahweh, the
eternally-existing One). “Shua" comes from the Hebrew word meaning
salvation. So Y’SHUA means,
from the Hebrew term Mashiach, which means
word Christos used in Greek, has the same meaning as Messiah. Christ and
Messiah mean the same.
CLEAR PREFERRED VERSION
English version used in this book is the Clear Preferred Version (CPV).
It aims at rendering the Scriptures in clear modern English while being
faithful to the original Hebrew and Greek Scriptures. It also prefers to
Messiah - Y’shua.
typesetting of this booklet, we have used italic type for
words that are not in the original language, but which are necessary to
complete the English sentence. Italics are also used for words that
or that bring out the meaning of a word or sentence.
are also printed in italic type.
in this book are not in the Bible, but are used to set out the various
events or teachings.
Sentences or parts of sentences that are printed in CAPITALS, are quotations
from the Old Testament. References are given in brackets.
OF THE ALMIGHTY
most English Bibles, the word
when written with four capitals, is referring to the Almighty whose holy
Name is written in Hebrew in the Old Testament as …
Name may be pronounced as
some prefer Yahwah.)
Greek New Testament uses the Greek word Kurios ‘Lord,’ for YHWH. In
the CPV version we have used YHWH when the sentence is a quotation from the
Old Testament which uses the holy Name. In other places where YHWH is not
used but is implied, we use “YHWH the LORD.”
the ordinary word ‘Lord,’ we prefer to use ‘Master.”
Bethlehem, Judea, in the land of Israel.
birth of the Child, Y’shua the Messiah.
today in the city of David, a Saviour has been born to you. He is the
Messiah, the Heavenly Master.” (Luke
are to give Him the Name,
He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High.”
great event was foretold by the Hebrew prophets:
you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, too small to be noticed among the clans of Judah.
For out of you will come forth for Me, the One who will be Ruler in Israel.
His origins are from of old - from eternity.” (Micah
(Bethlehem means "House of bread." The city is situated a few kilometres
south of Jerusalem.)
to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government will rest
upon His shoulders. His Name will be called Wonderful, Counsellor, Mighty
God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.”
WORLD IN THE TIMES OF THE MESSIAH
THE BIRTH AND CHILDHOOD OF THE MESSIAH
ETERNAL WORD BECOMES MAN
The first book of the Bible
says, "In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth." God simply
spoke the word, and things came into existence. Now John begins his account
by declaring that not only did God speak the word, He Himself was the Word
that made all things. John explains that the Word was God, and the Word
became a Man - the Man Y’shua.
John, the writer of the
Gospel, was a son of Zebedee, a fisherman. Another man, described in the
Gospels, was John the Baptist, the son of Zechariah, a Jewish priest. John
the Baptist was a forerunner of the Messiah.
BEGINNING WAS THE WORD,
and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was with God in the
beginning - before all time. All things came into being through Him;
and apart from Him nothing came into being that has come into being.
was life; and that life was the light of men. The light shines in the
darkness, but the darkness does not under-stand it, and is not
receptive to it.
BAPTIST, THE FORERUNNER OF MESSIAH
was a man, sent from God, whose name was John (Yochanan in Hebrew).
He came as a witness to testify concerning the Light, so that through him
(that is, through his witness), all might believe in the Light.
He himself was not the Light; he came only as a witness to the Light. Y’shua
was the true Light which gives light to every man who comes into the
Y’shua, was in the world, and though the world was made through
Him, the world did not know Him. He came to His own, but His own did not
receive Him. Yet to all who received Him - to those who believe in,
who trust in His Name - He gave the right to become children of
God; children, born, not of blood (of natural descent), nor
of the will of the flesh (human decision), nor of the will of man
(a natural father), but of YHWH the Almighty God.
Word became flesh (incarnate, human), and dwelt among us, and we saw
His glory - the glory of the “only begotten” (“the one and only Son”)
who came from the Father, full of grace and truth.
witnessed concerning Him, and cried out, “This is He of whom I said, ‘He who
comes after me ranks ahead of me, for He was before me’.” For out of
His fullness we have all received grace upon grace - blessing upon
blessing. For while the Law was given through Moses; grace and truth
came through Y’shua the Messiah.
has seen God at any time; but “the only begotten” - the unique Son
who is, and has been eternally in the bosom of the Father (that
is, in the intimate Presence of the Father), has made Him known.
Let us go back now and read
the account of the birth of both John the Baptist, and Y’shua the Messiah.
BIRTH OF JOHN PROMISED
days of Herod the king of Judea, (Judea was one of the provinces of
Israel), there was a certain Jewish priest named Zechariah,
who was of the priestly division of Abiyah. His wife also
was a descendant of Aaron, and her name was Elizabeth. Both of them were
righteous before God, living blamelessly according to all the commandments
and requirements of YHWH the LORD. But they had no child because
Elizabeth was barren, and they were both quite advanced in years.
when Zechariah’s division was on duty and he was serving as priest before
God, he was chosen by lot, according to the custom of the priesthood, to
enter the temple of the LORD and burn incense.
the time of the incense, the entire crowd of people were praying outside.
Then an angel of the LORD appeared to him, standing on the right side of the
altar of incense. And seeing him, Zechariah was startled and was
gripped with fear. But the angel said to him;
not be afraid, Zechariah, for your prayer has been heard; your wife
Elizabeth will bear you a son, and you will give him the name Yochanan
(John). You will have joy and gladness, and many will rejoice at his birth,
for he will be great in the sight of the LORD. He must never drink wine or
strong drink. He will be filled with the Holy Spirit even from his
mother’s womb, and He will turn many of the children of Israel back
to YHWH the LORD their God. He will go before Him in the spirit and
power of Elijah,
TO TURN THE HEARTS OF THE FATHERS BACK TO THE CHILDREN
[Malachi 4:6], and
the disobedient to the wisdom of the righteous, to make ready a people
prepared for the LORD.”
Zechariah asked the angel, “How shall I know this? I am an old man, and my
wife is well on in years.”
angel answered him, “I am Gabriel, who stands in the Presence of God, and I
have been sent to speak to you and bring you this good news. But now,
because you did not believe my words which will be fulfilled in their own
time, you will be silent and unable to speak until the day these things
Meanwhile the people were waiting for Zechariah and they were surprised that
he delayed so long in the temple. When he eventually came out,
he was unable to speak to them. Then they realized that he had seen a vision
in the temple for he kept making signs to them; but he remained dumb.
And when his time of service was completed, he departed to his house.
those days his wife Elizabeth conceived; and for five months she
remained in seclusion, saying, “The LORD has done this for me; in these
days He has shown favour to me and taken away my disgrace among the
MOTHER OF THE MESSIAH
the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God to a city of Galilee,
in northern Israel, called Nazareth, to a virgin engaged to a man named
Joseph, a descendant of the house of David. The virgin’s name was
angel came to her and said, “I respect you highly! You are the
Favoured One! The LORD is with you! You are the most blessed of all women!”
she saw him, she was very disturbed at his words and wondered what kind of
greeting this might be.
the angel said to her, “Do not be afraid, Miryam, for you have found favour
with God. Listen! You will be-come pregnant and will give birth to a
son, and you are to give Him the Name,
will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High; and the
YHWH God will give Him the throne of His father David, and He will reign
over the House of Jacob for ever. There will never be an end to His
can this be,” Miryam asked the angel, “since I am a virgin?”
angel answered, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of
the Most High, will overshadow you. For that reason the Holy One to be born
will be called the Son of God. And look, your relative, Elizabeth, who was
said to be barren, has also conceived a son in her old age. She is
already in her sixth month. For nothing will be impossible with God.”
replied: “Here am I, the servant of YHWH. Let it happen to me according to
your word.” Then the angel left her.
MIRYAM VISITS ELIZABETH
Miryam got ready and hurried to a city in the hill country of Judah,
where she entered the house of Zechariah and greeted Elizabeth. Now when
Elizabeth heard Miryam’s greeting, the baby leaped in her womb. And
Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit. In a loud voice she exclaimed;
blessed are you among women! And how blessed is the Child in your womb! But
why has this happened to me - that the mother of my Master should
come to me? As soon as the sound of your greeting reached my ears, the baby
in my womb leaped for joy. Blessed is she who has believed, for there will
be a fulfilment of those things which were spoken to her by the LORD.”
soul exalts the LORD, and my spirit rejoices in God my Saviour, for He has
regarded with favour the lowly state of His servant. From now on all
generations will call me blessed, for the Mighty One has done great things
for me! And holy is His Name.”
BIRTH OF JOHN THE BAPTIST
it was time for Elizabeth to have her baby, she gave birth to a son. Her
neighbours and relatives heard that the LORD had shown her great mercy, and
they rejoiced with her.
eighth day they came to circumcise the child, and they were going to call
him by the name of his father, Zechariah. But his mother spoke up and said,
“No! He is to be called Yochanan (John.)”
said to her, “But there is no one among your relatives who is called
by this name.” Then they made signs to his father asking what he
would have him called. So he motioned for a writing tablet and wrote, “His
name is Yochanan - John (meaning: YHWH GIVES).” And they were all
Immediately his power of speech returned, and he began to speak,
praising God. Then an awe came over all those living around them; and all
these details were discussed throughout all the hill country of Judea.
Everyone who heard these things kept wondering and asking, “What is this
child going to be?”
the hand of YHWH the LORD was with him. Then his father Zechariah
was filled with the Holy Spirit, and prophesied:
“Blessed is the LORD, the God of Israel, for He has visited and redeemed His
people, and has raised up ‘a Horn of Salvation’ - a mighty Deliverer
- for us, in the house of David His servant - as He foretold through His
holy prophets of long ago - salvation FROM
OUR ENEMIES, AND FROM THE HAND OF ALL WHO HATE US
show mercy to our fathers, and to remember His holy covenant, the oath that
He swore to Abraham our father, that having been delivered from the hand of
our enemies, we might be enabled to serve Him without fear, in
holiness and righteousness before Him all our days.
you, child, will be called the prophet of the Most High; for you will
THE LORD TO PREPARE HIS WAYS
[Malachi 3:1], to
give His people the knowledge of salvation; that is, through the
remission of their sins.
“Because of the tender mercy of our God, a
from on high has visited us
GIVE LIGHT TO THOSE WHO SIT IN DARKNESS
[Isaiah. 9:2] and
the shadow of death, to guide our feet into the way of peace.”
child grew and became strong in spirit, and he lived in the desert
until he appeared publicly to Israel.
ANGEL APPEARS TO JOSEPH
the birth of Y’shua the Messiah took place like this. When His mother Miryam
was betrothed (pledged, engaged) to Joseph (Yosef), but before
they lived together, she was found to be with child by the Holy Spirit.
her husband-to-be, Joseph, being a righteous man, and unwilling to
expose her to public disgrace, desired to send her away quietly and
secretly - breaking their betrothal. But while he thought about all
this, an angel of YHWH the LORD appeared to him in a dream and said,
“Yosef, son of David, do not be afraid to take Miryam as your wife;
for the Child conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit. She will give
birth to a Son; and you shall call His name
(which means, YHWH is salvation),
for He will save His people from their sins.”
this took place to fulfil what the LORD had said through the prophet [Isaiah
“Watch for this! The virgin shall conceive, and will give birth to a
Son, and they shall call His Name Immanuel; which translated means, ‘God
is with us’.”
Joseph awoke from his sleep, he did as the angel of YHWH the LORD
commanded him, and took her as his wife; but he did not have sexual
relations with her until after she had given birth to her firstborn Son; and
he gave Him the Name,
BIRTH OF Y’SHUA
those days a decree was issued by Caesar Augustus (the Roman Emperor),
that a census be taken of the entire Roman world. (This was the first
census taken while Quirinius was governor of Syria.) And everyone went to
register for the census, each to his own town or city. And Joseph also,
because he was of the house and line of King David, went up from
the town of Nazareth in Galilee, to Judea, to the town of David which is
called Bethlehem; in order to register, along with Miryam, his betrothed
wife who was expecting a child.
they were there, the time came for her baby to be born; and she gave birth
to her firstborn, a son; and she wrapped Him in swaddling cloths (that
is, long strips of cloth used for wrapping newborn babies), and laid Him
in a manger - an eating trough in an animal stable, because there was
no room for them in the inn.
countryside nearby, there were some shepherds living out in the fields,
keeping watch over their flock at night. And an angel of the LORD suddenly
appeared to them, and the Glory of YHWH the LORD shone around them;
and they were terrified. But the angel said to them,
not be afraid! I bring you good news that will be great joy for all
the people; for today in the city of David, a Saviour has been born to you.
He is the Messiah, the Master. This will be a sign for you: you will find a
baby wrapped in swaddling cloths, and lying in a manger.”
suddenly a great company of heavenly messengers appeared with the
angel, praising God, and saying, “Glory to God in the highest; and on earth
peace among men of good will.”
when the angels had left them and gone into heaven, the shepherds began
saying to one another, “Let’s go immediately to Bethlehem and see this thing
that has happened, which the LORD has made known to us.”
they came quickly and found their way to Miryam and Joseph, and to the Baby
who was lying in the manger.
when they had seen Him, they spread the news concerning what had been
told them about the Child; and all who heard it were amazed at what the
shepherds said to them. But Miryam treasured up all these things, pondering
over them in her heart.
the shepherds went back, glorifying and praising God for all that they had
heard and seen, for it was just as they had been told.
Y’SHUA NAMED, AND DEDICATED
end of eight days when it was time to circumcise the Child, He was named
Y’SHUA - the Name given by the angel before He was conceived in the womb.
And when the days of their purification according to the Law of Moses were
completed, they brought Him to Jerusalem to present Him to YHWH the
there was a man in Jerusalem whose name was Simeon. This righteous and
devout man was waiting for the Consolation of Israel, and the Holy Spirit
was upon him. It had been revealed to him by the Holy Spirit that he would
not die before he had seen the One anointed of the LORD - the Messiah.
was led by the Holy Spirit into the temple just at the time when the
parents brought in the Child Y’shua, to do for Him what the custom of the
Simeon took Him into his arms, and praised and thanked God, saying,
(Master), now let Your servant depart in peace, according to Your Word; for
my eyes have seen Your Yeshu’ah, Your Salvation, which You have
prepared in the presence of all peoples, a Light for revelation to the
Gentiles, and the Glory of Your people Israel.”
Joseph, and Y’shua’s mother were amazed at what Simeon said
Simeon blessed them, and said to Y’shua’s mother, Miryam: “Look! This Child
is destined to cause the falling and rising of many in Israel, and to be a
sign which will be spoken against - that the thoughts of many hearts may be
revealed. And a sword will pierce even your own soul.”
was also a prophetess, Anna, the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Asher.
She was of a great age, and had lived with her husband seven years after she
married; and she was a widow of about eighty-four years. She
never left the temple, but served there night and day with fastings and
up to them at that very moment, she gave thanks to the LORD, and
spoke about the Child to all those who were looking for, and
expecting redemption in Jerusalem.
when they had done everything required by the law of the LORD, Miryam and
Joseph returned to Galilee, to their own town of Nazareth.
MEN WORSHIP THE YOUNG CHILD
Y’shua was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of the king, Herod, wise
men from the East arrived in Jerusalem, asking, “Where is He who has been
born King of the Jews? For we saw His star in the East, and have come to
King Herod heard this he was troubled, and all Jerusalem with him. And
gathering all the chief priests and scribes of the people together, he asked
them where the Messiah was to be born.
Bethlehem of Judea,” they replied, “for this is what has been written by the
YOU, BETHLEHEM, IN THE LAND OF JUDAH, ARE BY NO MEANS LEAST AMONG THE RULERS
OF JUDAH; FOR OUT OF YOU WILL COME A RULER, WHO WILL SHEPHERD MY PEOPLE
Herod secretly called the wise men and found out from them the exact time
the star had appeared. Then he sent them to Bethlehem, saying, “Go and make
a careful search for the Child; and as soon as you find Him, report to me,
so that I too may come and worship Him.”
they had heard the king, they went on their way; and the star which they had
seen in the East, appeared again, and went ahead of them until it
stopped over the place where the Child was. And when they saw the star they
were overjoyed. And going into the house they saw the Child with Miryam His
mother; and they bowed down and worshipped Him. Then, opening their
treasures, they presented to Him gifts of gold, frankincense, and myrrh.
having been warned by God in a dream not to return to Herod, they departed
for their own country by another route.
HEROD’S ATTEMPT TO KILL Y’SHUA
the wise men had departed, an angel of YHWH the LORD appeared
to Joseph in a dream. “Get up!” he said, “take the Child and His mother and
escape to Egypt. Stay there until I tell you otherwise; for Herod is
going to search for the Child to destroy Him.” So he got up, took the Child
and His mother during the night and departed for Egypt, where he stayed
until the death of Herod.
that which the LORD had said through the prophet was fulfilled:
OF EGYPT I CALLED MY SON.” [Hosea
when Herod realised that he had been outwitted by the wise men, he became
furious, and he gave orders to kill all the boys in Bethlehem and its
vicinity who were two years old and under, according to the time that he had
learned from the wise men.
that which was spoken through Jeremiah the prophet was fulfilled;
VOICE IS HEARD IN RAMAH, WEEPING AND GREAT MOURNING, RACHEL WEEPING FOR HER
CHILDREN AND REFUSING TO BE COMFORTED, BECAUSE THEY ARE NO MORE.”
Herod died, an angel of YHWH the LORD appeared in a dream to Joseph
in Egypt, and said, “Get up, take the Child and His mother, and go to the
land of Israel, for those who sought the Child’s life are now
got up, took the Child and His mother, and went to the land of Israel. But
when he heard that Archelaus was reigning in Judea in place of his father
Herod, he was afraid to go there. And being warned by God in a dream, he
withdrew to the regions of Galilee, and went and lived in a town called
Nazareth. And so, that which was spoken through the prophets, was fulfilled:
“He shall be called a Nazaraean.”
Y’SHUA IN THE TEMPLE AT TWELVE YEARS OF AGE
THE ELDERS IN THE TEMPLE IN JERUSALEM
Israel’s only temple was on Mt Moriah in Jerusalem. It was the centre of
Israel’s national and religious life; and animal sacrifices were regularly
The first temple had been
built by King Solomon. It was destroyed by the Babylonians in B.C. 586.
Later, a smaller temple was built by Zerubbabel and the exiles who returned
from Babylon in B.C. 538 and 458.
That simple temple was
replaced by a magnificent structure commissioned by King Herod the Great
(the Herod who tried to kill the Baby Y’shua.) It was begun in B.C. 19 and
was finished only in A.D. 64 - six years before it was destroyed by the
Romans. This temple was the one existing during the days of Y’shua, who
referred to it as "My Father’s House."
There were many other Jewish
religious meetings places situated throughout Israel, called synagogues. But
they were not places of sacrifice.
Child Y’shua grew and became strong in spirit, and was filled
with wisdom; and the grace of God was upon Him.
every year His parents went to Jerusalem for the Feast of Pesach - the
Passover. And when Y’shua was twelve years old, they went up to the
Feast according to the custom.
the Feast was over, while they were returning home, the Boy Y’shua
lingered behind in Jerusalem. But Joseph and His mother did not realize
this. Assuming that He was in the group of travellers, they went a day’s
journey, and then sought Him among their relatives and friends. When
they did not find Him, they returned to Jerusalem, searching for Him.
three days they found Him in the temple, sitting among the teachers, both
listening to them and asking them questions. And all who heard Him were
amazed at His understanding and answers.
Joseph and Miryam saw Him, they were astonished. His mother said to
Him, “Son, why have You done this to us? Look! Your father and I have been
anxiously searching for You!”
were you searching for Me?” He replied. “Didn’t you know that I must be
involved in the affairs of My Father?”
they did not understand what He was saying to them. Then He went down with
them and came to Nazareth, and was continually obedient to them. His
mother treasured all these things in her heart. And Y’shua increased in
wisdom and stature, and in favour with God and men.
THE BEGINNING OF THE MESSIAH’S MINISTRY
MINISTRY OF JOHN
those days John the Baptist came, preaching in the desert of Judea, saying,
“Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is near.”
is the one referred to by Isaiah the prophet: THE
VOICE OF ONE CRYING IN THE DESERT; PREPARE THE WAY OF YHWH THE LORD. MAKE
HIS PATHS STRAIGHT!
had a garment of camel’s hair, and he wore a leather belt about his waist.
His food was locusts and wild honey.
people went out to him from Jerusalem, all Judea, and the whole region of
the Jordan, and they were being baptized by him in the Jordan River, as they
confessed their sins.
John soon had encounters
with the two main religious parties in Israel - the Pharisees and the
laid great stress upon the observance of rites and ceremonies. They made a
pretense of superiority, and separated themselves from the common people.
were a materialistic party that denied the resurrection and the existence of
angels and spirits. They rejected the traditions of the elders and the
Y’shua was accused many
times by the Pharisees, who considered themselves the voice of authority.
Like John, He saw through the religious facade of this religious "elite,"
and challenged them concerning their hypocrisy.
John saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming to where he was
baptizing, he said to them, “You brood of vipers! Who warned you to flee
from the coming wrath? Produce fruit in keeping with repentance! And do not
presume you can say to yourselves, ‘We have Abraham as our father’; for I
tell you that God is able to raise up children to Abraham from these stones!
The axe is already at the root of the trees; and every tree that does not
produce good fruit will be cut down, and thrown into the fire.
for me, I baptize you in water because of repentance; but He who is coming
after me is more powerful than I, whose sandals I am not worthy to take off
or carry; He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and with fire. His
winnowing fork is in His hand, and He will thoroughly cleanse His threshing
floor; gathering His wheat into the barn, and burning up the chaff with
This is the first reference
to Hell in the New Testament.
BAPTISM OF Y’SHUA
Y’shua came from Galilee to John at the Jordan, to be baptized by him. But
John tried to deter Him; “I need to be baptized by You, and do You come to
me?” he asked.
Y’shua replied, “Permit it at this time: for it is fitting for both of
us to do this to fulfil all righteousness.” Then John consented.
soon as Y’shua was baptized, He went up out of the water; and at that
moment, the heavens were opened, and John saw the Spirit of God descending
like a dove, and alighting upon Him. And a voice came from heaven, saying,
“This is My Son, My Beloved; with Him I am well pleased.”
TEMPTATION OF Y’SHUA
Y’shua, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan and was led by the
Spirit into the desert where, for forty days, He was tempted by the devil.
He ate nothing during those days; and when they had ended, He became very
the devil said to Him, “If you are the Son of God, command this stone to
become bread.” Y’shua answered him: “It is written,
SHALL NOT LIVE ON BREAD ALONE, BUT BY EVERY WORD OF YHWH.”
the devil took Him up to a high place and showed Him in an instant,
all the kingdoms of the world, and he said to Him, “I will give You all this
authority and its glory; for it has been handed over to me, and I can give
to anyone I want to. So if You worship me, it will all be Yours.” Y’shua
answered and said to him;
behind Me, Satan! It is written, YOU
SHALL WORSHIP YHWH YOUR GOD AND SERVE HIM ONLY.”
he brought Him to Jerusalem and set Him on the highest point of the temple,
and said to Him, “If you are the Son of God, cast Yourself down from here;
for it is written:
WILL GIVE HIS ANGELS CHARGE OVER YOU TO GUARD YOU carefully in all Your
ways, and IN THEIR HANDS THEY WILL BEAR YOU UP, LEST YOU DASH YOUR FOOT
AGAINST A STONE.” [Psalm
Y’shua replied to him, “It is said:
SHALL NOT PUT YHWH YOUR GOD TO THE TEST.”
the devil had finished every temptation, he departed from Him to await
another opportune time.
WITNESS TO THE PRIESTS
The priesthood of Israel
was established in the Sinai, after the people were delivered from the
slavery of Egypt, under Moses’ leadership, in or about 1290 B.C. The
priests were all from the tribe of Levi. Aaron, the brother of Moses, was
consecrated as the first high priest.
this is the testimony of John when the Jews sent priests and other
Levites from Jerusalem to ask him, “Who are you?”
straightforward and did not conceal anything, but declared, “I am not
the Messiah.” So they asked him, “What then? Are you Elijah?” He said, “I am
not.” “Are you the Prophet?” He answered, “No.” Then they said to him, “Who
are you? Give us an answer to take back to those who sent us? What do
you say about yourself?”
replied: “I am ‘The
VOICE of one CRYING IN THE DESERT; MAKE STRAIGHT THE WAY OF YHWH,’
as the prophet Isaiah said.” [Isaiah
those who were sent were from among the Pharisees. They asked him, “Why then
do you baptize if you are not the Messiah, nor Elijah, nor the Prophet?”
answered them, “I baptize with water, but among you stands One whom you do
not know. He is the One who comes after me but who ranks ahead of me.
I am not worthy even to untie His sandals.”
all happened in Bethany across the Jordan, where John was baptizing.
JOHN’S WITNESS ABOUT MESSIAH
John recognized very clearly
that Y’shua was not only a prophet; He was the Lamb of God - the One of
whom Isaiah the prophet wrote - the One who would pay the penalty for
the sins of mankind.
next day John saw Y’shua coming to him, and said, “Look! The Lamb of God who
takes away the sin of the world! This is He of whom I said, ‘After me comes
a Man who ranks ahead of me, for He was before me.’ I myself did not
know Him; but the reason I came baptizing with water was that He might be
revealed to Israel.”
John testified: “I saw the Spirit descending from heaven like a dove, and He
remained upon Him. I did not recognize Him, but He who sent me to baptize in
water said to me, ‘He on whom you see the Spirit descending and remaining on
Him, is the One who baptizes in the Holy Spirit.’ I have seen this happen
and I have testified that this One - Y’shua - is the Son of
Y’SHUA’S FIRST DISCIPLES
the next day, John was standing with two of his disciples; and watching
Y’shua as He walked by, he said, “Look! The Lamb of God!” When the two
disciples heard him say this, they followed Y’shua.
Turning around, Y’shua saw them following, and asked them, “What are you
looking for?” They said to Him, “Rabbi, (which means ‘Teacher’), where are
You staying?” “Come,” He replied, “and you will see.” So they went and saw
where He was staying, and they remained with Him that day. It was about the
tenth hour (4 p.m.).
Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother was one of the two who heard what John said,
and followed Y’shua. The first thing Andrew did after that was to
find his brother Simon and tell him, “We have found the Messiah,” (which
means, ‘the Anointed One’).
brought him to Y’shua. Looking at him, Y’shua said, “You are Simon
the son of Jonas. You will be called Kefa” (which means ‘stone.’)”
transliterated into Greek as Cephas, and translated into Greek as Petros, a
stone. And into English as Peter.)
next day Y’shua wanted to go to Galilee (in northern Israel). He
found Philip and said to him, “Follow me.” Now Philip was from Bethsaida
(in Galilee), the city of Andrew and Peter. Philip then found
Nathanael and told him, “We have found the One of whom Moses wrote in
the Torah - the Law, and of whom the prophets also wrote
- Y’shua, the Son of Joseph, from Nazareth.”
Nathanael said to him, “Can anything good come out of Nazareth?” Philip said
to him, “Come and see!”
Y’shua saw Nathanael coming towards Him, He said of him, “Look! A true
Israelite in whom there is no deceit!”
do You know me?” Nathanael asked Him. Y’shua answered, “I saw you when you
were under the fig tree, before Philip called you.”
Nathanael replied, “Rabbi (Teacher), You are the Son of God! You are
the King of Israel!”
answered, “Do you believe because I said I saw you under the fig tree? You
will see greater things than these.” Then He added, “I tell you the truth,
hereafter you shall see heaven opened, and the angels of God ascending and
descending upon the Son of Man.”
after John was arrested, Y’shua came to Galilee, proclaiming the Good News
of the Kingdom of God. “The time is fulfilled,” He said. “The kingdom of God
is near! Repent, and believe the Good News.”
walked beside the Sea of Galilee, He saw Simon and his brother Andrew
casting a net into the lake - for they were fishermen. Then Y’shua said to
them, “Come, follow Me, and I will make you into fishers of men.” And
immediately they left their nets and followed Him.
He had gone a little farther, He saw James the son of Zebedee, and
John his brother, both of them in their boat, putting their nets in
order. Immediately He called them; and they left their father Zebedee in the
boat with the hired men, and followed Him.
Y’SHUA’S FIRST RECORDED MIRACLE
AND THE EARLY MINISTRY OF THE MESSIAH
WATER CHANGED INTO WINE
third day there was a wedding at Cana of Galilee, and the mother of Y’shua
was there. Now both Y’shua and His disciples were invited to the wedding.
And when they ran out of wine, Y’shua’s mother said to Him, “They have no
said to her, “Woman, how does that concern Me and you? My hour has not yet
mother said to the servants, “Whatever He says to you, do it.”
there were six stone water pots standing there, according to the manner of
purification of the Jews, each holding twenty or thirty gallons. Y’shua said
to them, “Fill the water pots with water.” So they filled them up to the
brim. And He said to them, “Draw some out now, and take it to the
master of the feast.” So they took it to him.
the master of the feast had tasted the water that had become wine, and did
not know where it came from (but the servants who had drawn the water knew),
the master of the feast called the bridegroom and said to him, “Every man at
the beginning sets out the choice wine, and when the guests have had
plenty to drink, then that which is inferior is brought out;
but you have kept the best wine until now.”
the first of His miraculous signs, Y’shua performed in Cana of
Galilee, revealing His glory. And His disciples believed in Him.
OVERTURNING THE MERCHANDISE OF THE TEMPLE
Pesach, the Passover of the Jews was near, and Y’shua went up to
Jerusalem. And He found merchants in the temple selling oxen and
sheep and doves, and the money-changers sitting doing business. And
having made a whip of cords, He drove them all out of the temple, with the
sheep and the oxen, and poured out the changers’ coins and overturned the
tables. And He said to those selling doves, “Take these things away! Do
not make the House of My Father, a house of merchandise!”
His disciples remembered that it was written,
ZEAL FOR YOUR HOUSE HAS EATEN ME UP. [Psalm
Jews demanded of Him, “What sign can You show to us to prove Your
authority to do all these things?”
answered them; “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up
the Jews replied, “It has taken forty-six years to build this temple, and
will You raise it up in three days?”
was speaking of the temple of His body. After He was raised from the dead,
His disciples remembered that He had said this to them; and they believed
the Scripture and the words which Y’shua had spoken.
when He was in Jerusalem at the Passover feast, many people believed
in His Name when they saw the signs which He was doing.
A MODEL OF THE TEMPLE IN JERUSALEM THAT WAS EXPANDED
AND EMBELLISHED BY KING HEROD IN THE TIMES OF THE MESSIAH
MINISTRY IN HIS HOME TOWN OF NAZARETH
Y’shua returned to Galilee in the power of the Holy Spirit; and news
about Him spread through the whole countryside.
taught in their synagogues and was praised by all. And He went to Nazareth
where He had been brought up; and as was His custom, He entered the
synagogue on the Sabbath (the seventh day, the day of rest), and
stood up to read. The scroll of the prophet Isaiah was handed to Him. When
He opened the scroll, He found the place where it was written:
SPIRIT OF THE LORD IS UPON ME, BECAUSE HE ANOINTED ME TO PREACH THE GOOD
NEWS TO THE POOR. HE HAS SENT ME TO HEAL THE BROKENHEARTED, TO PROCLAIM
FREEDOM FOR THE CAPTIVES, AND RECOVERY OF SIGHT TO THE BLIND, TO RELEASE
THOSE WHO ARE OPPRESSED, TO PROCLAIM THE FAVORABLE YEAR OF YHWH THE
He rolled up the scroll, and gave it back to the attendant and sat down.
The eyes of all in the synagogue were fastened on Him, and He began to say
to them, “Today this Scripture is fulfilled in your hearing.”
is a Jewish place of gathering, for teaching and worship. Israel had only
one temple, but many synagogues.
EARLY ATTEMPT TO KILL Y’SHUA
were speaking well of Y’shua, and wondering at the gracious words coming out
of His mouth, and they said, “Is this not the son of Joseph?’
He said to them, “No doubt you will quote this proverb to Me, ‘Physician,
heal yourself! Do here also, in your hometown, the things that we have heard
You did at Capernaum’.”
said, “I tell you the truth, no prophet is accepted in his own country. And
I tell you this truth, that in Israel, in the days of Elijah, when the sky
was shut up for three years and six months, when a great famine came over
all the land of Israel, there were many widows; but Elijah was sent
to none of them, except to Zarephath, in the region of Sidon - to a
woman who was a widow. And there were many lepers in Israel in
the time of Elisha the prophet; and yet not one of them was cleansed except
Naaman the Syrian.”
all the people in the synagogue heard these things they were filled
with rage. Getting up, they pushed Him out of the city, and brought Him to
the brow of the hill on which their city was built, so that they might
hurl Him off the cliff. But He passed right through the middle of
the crowd, and went His way.
leaving Nazareth, He came and dwelt in Capernaum, which is by the sea of
Galilee, in the regions of Zebulun and Naphtali, that it might be
fulfilled which was spoken by Isaiah the prophet, saying:
LAND OF ZEBULUN AND THE LAND OF NAPHTALI, BY THE WAY OF THE SEA,
BEYOND THE JORDAN, GALILEE OF THE GENTILES; THE PEOPLE WHO SAT IN
DARKNESS SAW A GREAT LIGHT, AND UPON THOSE WHO SAT IN THE REGION
AND SHADOW OF DEATH, LIGHT HAS DAWNED.
that time Y’shua began to preach, saying,
“Repent, for the kingdom of heaven has come near.”
EVIL SPIRIT CAST OUT A MAN IN THE SYNAGOGUE
they went to Capernaum, immediately on the Sabbath, Y’shua entered the
synagogue and taught. And the people were amazed at His teaching, for He
taught them as one having authority, and not as the scribes - the
teachers of the law.
was a man in their synagogue possessed by an unclean spirit, and he
cried out, “Let us alone! What have we to do with You, Y’shua of
Nazareth? Did You come to destroy us? I know who You are - the Holy One of
Y’shua rebuked him, saying, “Be quiet, and come out of him!” And after
shaking him violently, the unclean spirit came out of him with a great
they were all amazed, so that they questioned among themselves, saying,
“What is this? What new teaching is this - and with authority? He commands
even the unclean spirits, and they obey Him.” And immediately His fame
spread over the whole region around Galilee.
WHAT IS LEFT OF THE CAPERNAUM SYNAGOGUE TODAY
leaving the synagogue, Y’shua entered into the house of Simon, where
Simon’s mother-in-law was suffering from a very high fever; and they asked
Him about her. Then standing over her, He rebuked the fever; and it left
her. And immediately she got up and began to serve them.
EVERY TYPE OF DISEASE HEALED
when the sun was setting, everyone who had any friends and relatives
who were sick with various diseases, brought them to Y’shua; and laying His
hands on every one of them, He healed them.
Moreover, demons came out of many, screaming and crying out, “You are
the Messiah, the Son of God!” But rebuking them, He would not allow
them to speak, because they knew that He was the Messiah.
FRANK TALK WITH NICODEMUS
there was a man of the Pharisees named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews. This
man came to Y’shua by night, and said to Him, “Rabbi, we know that You have
come from God as a teacher, for no-one could do these signs that You
do if God were not with him.”
replied, “This is the solemn truth I tell you; no-one can see the kingdom of
God unless he is born again.”
Nicodemus asked Him, “How can a man be born when he is old? He cannot enter
a second time into his mother’s womb and be born, can he?”
answered, “I tell you the truth; no-one can enter into the kingdom of God
unless he is born of water and the Holy Spirit.”
“Water” here speaks of the
Word of God. The Word applied by the Holy Spirit leads to regeneration, that
is, new spiritual birth and cleansing.
(See Ephesians 5:26, Titus 3:5.) Baptism is an outward
expression of the new birth that has taken place in the believer, and it is
a public testimony to his faith in the Saviour.
which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is
spirit. Do not be surprised that I said to you,
MUST BE BORN AGAIN!
wind blows wherever it pleases. You hear its sound, but you do not know
where it comes from and where it is going. So it is with everyone who is
born of the Spirit.”
Nicodemus asked Him, “How can these things be possible?”
you the teacher of Israel,” Y’shua answered, “and you do not know these
things? I tell you the truth; We speak what We know and testify what We have
seen, but still you do not accept Our witness. If you do not believe
when I have told you earthly things, how are you going to believe when I
tell you about heavenly things? No one has ascended to heaven except
He who came down from heaven - the Son of Man who is in heaven.
The “Son of Man” is a title
that Y’shua used in referring to Himself. In these next verses, the Messiah
tells of His coming crucifixion - He would be “lifted up” on a cross, to
die, in order to save mankind from the penalty of sin.
just as Moses lifted up the serpent in the desert, so the Son of Man must be
lifted up, so that everyone who believes in Him should not perish but have
everlasting life. For YHWH, the Almighty God so loved the world, that
He gave His only begotten (His only and unique) Son, so that whoever
believes in Him, should not perish, but have eternal (everlasting)
God did not send the Son into the world to judge and condemn the
world; but so that the world might be saved through Him. He who believes in
Him is not condemned; he who does not believe has been condemned already,
because he has not believed in the Name of the only begotten, the one and
only unique Son of God.
this is the judgment - the indictment - that the Light has come into
the world, and men loved darkness rather than Light; for their deeds were
evil. For everyone practicing evil hates the light and does not come to the
light, lest his deeds should be exposed. But he who practises the truth
comes to the light, so that it may be clearly seen that his works have been
done through God.”
this, Y’shua and His disciples came into the land of Judea, and He remained
there with them, and baptized.
JOHN’S TESTIMONY CONCERNING Y’SHUA
John also was baptizing in Aenon near Salim, because there was plenty of
water there. And the people came and were baptized. For John had not
yet been thrown into prison.
dispute arose between some of John’s disciples and the Jews about
purification. And they came to John and said to him, “Rabbi, He who was with
you beyond the Jordan, of whom you testified - look, He is baptizing, and
everyone is coming to Him!”
answered, “A man can receive nothing unless it has been given to him from
heaven. You yourselves are witnesses that I said, I am not the Messiah, but
I have been sent ahead of Him. He who has the bride is the bridegroom; but
the friend of the bridegroom, who stands and hears him, rejoices greatly
because of the bridegroom’s voice. So this joy of mine is complete.
right for Him to increase, and for me to decrease. He who comes from above
is above all; he who is from the earth is earthly and speaks of the earth.
He who comes from heaven is above all. He testifies to what He has seen and
heard, but no one accepts His testimony. He who has received His testimony
has certified that God is true. For He whom God has sent speaks the words of
God, for God does not give the Spirit by measure. The Father loves the Son,
and has placed everything in His hand.
believes in the Son has eternal life; but he who does not believe the Son
shall not see life, but the wrath of God remains on him.”
PROPHET JOHN IMPRISONED
with many other words John exhorted and preached good news to the people.
But Herod the district ruler, being rebuked by him concerning Herodias, his
brother Philip’s wife, and for all the wicked deeds which he (Herod) had
done, added this to them all: he locked John up in prison.
SAMARITANS BELIEVE IN Y’SHUA
Samaria was the region
between Judea and Galilee. After the reign of King Solomon (971 to 931
B.C.), Israel divided into two kingdoms. The city of Samaria became the
capital of the northern kingdom (Israel), while Jerusalem was the capital of
the southern kingdom (Judah). Samaria was destroyed by Assyria in B.C. 722,
while Judah was destroyed by Babylon in B.C. 586.
The Samaritans we read of in
this chapter, were descendants of the survivors of the northern kingdom.
They had intermarried with an imported alien population after the fall of
Samaria. They never made common cause with the Jews who returned from
Babylon; rather, they built their own temple in Samaria, which was
destroyed in B.C. 128 by a Jewish king. There was continuous animosity
between Jews and Samaritans.
the Master knew that the Pharisees had heard that He, Y’shua, was
making and baptizing more disciples than John, (although Y’shua Himself was
not baptizing, but His disciples), He left Judea and went back once more to
had to go through Samaria. So He came to a town in Samaria called Sychar,
near the piece of land that Jacob gave to his son Joseph. Now Jacob’s well
was there; and Y’shua, being wearied from His journey, sat down by the well.
It was about the sixth hour (midday).
a woman of Samaria came to draw water, Y’shua said to her: “Give Me
water to drink.” (His disciples had gone off into the town to buy
food.) Then the woman of Samaria said to Him, “How is it that You, being a
Jew, ask a drink from me, a Samaritan woman?” (For Jews do not associate
answered her, “If you knew the gift of God, and who asks you for a drink,
you would have asked Him, and He would have given you living water.”
woman said to Him, “Sir, You do not even have a vessel to draw with, and the
well is deep. From where, then, do You get the living water? Are You greater
than our father Jacob who gave us the well, and drank from it himself, as
did also his sons and his cattle?”
answered her, “Everyone who drinks this water will be thirsty again, but
whoever drinks the water that I give him will never ever thirst again.
Indeed the water I give him will become in him a spring of water welling up
into eternal life.”
woman said to Him, “Sir, give me this water, so that I will not be thirsty
and have to keep coming here to draw.”
said to her, “Go, call your husband, and come back.”
woman replied, “I have no husband.”
said to her, “You are right when you say you have no husband, for you have
had five husbands, and the one you now have is not your husband. What you
have said is true.”
woman said to Him, “Sir, I can see that You are a prophet. Our fathers
worshipped on this mountain, but you Jews say that the place where
one ought to worship is in Jerusalem.”
said to her, “Woman, believe Me, the hour is coming when you will worship
the Father neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem. You Samaritans
worship what you do not know; we worship what we do know; for salvation is
of the Jews. But the hour is coming, and in fact, it has already
come, when the true worshippers will worship the Father in spirit and truth;
for the Father is seeking such people to worship Him. God is Spirit,
and those who worship Him must worship in spirit and truth.”
woman said to Him, “I know that the Messiah is coming, the One who is called
Christ - the Anointed. When that One comes He will explain all things to
said to her, “I am He - the One speaking to you.”
this point His disciples came, and they were surprised that He was speaking
with a woman. But no one asked, “What do You want?” or, “Why are You talking
woman then left her water pot, went away into the town, and said to the men,
“Come, see a Man who told me everything I ever did. Could this be the
Messiah?” Then they left the town and were coming to Him.
meantime His disciples urged Him, “Rabbi, have something to eat.” But
He said to them, “I have food to eat that you do not know about.” Then the
disciples said to each other, “Did anyone bring Him anything to eat?”
said to them, “My food is to do the will of Him who sent Me, and to finish
His work. Do you not say, ‘There are still four months and then comes the
harvest’? Look, I tell you, lift up your eyes and look at the fields, for
they are already ripe for harvest! He who is reaping receives a reward, and
gathers fruit for eternal life; so that both he who is sowing and he who is
reaping rejoice together. Thus the saying; ‘One sows and another reaps,’ is
true. I sent you to reap what you have not worked for; others have worked
hard, and you have entered into the benefits of their labours.”
many of the Samaritans of that town believed in Him because of the word of
the woman who testified, “He told me everything that I ever did.” So when
the Samaritans came to Him, they urged Him to stay with them; and He stayed
there two days. And many more believed because of His own word. Then
they said to the woman, “Now we believe, not because of what you said, for
we have heard for ourselves and know that this is indeed the Messiah, the
Saviour of the world.”
NOBLEMAN’S SON HEALED
Y’shua came to Galilee, the Galileans welcomed Him, having seen all that He
had done in Jerusalem at the festival; for they also had gone to the
Y’shua came again to Cana of Galilee where He had changed the water into
wine. And there was a certain nobleman whose son was sick at Capernaum. When
he heard that Y’shua had come from Judea to Galilee, he went to Him and
implored Him to come down and heal his son, for he was at the point of
then said to him, “Unless you people see signs and wonders, you will
nobleman said to Him, “Master, come down before my child dies!”
said to him, “Go on your way; your son lives.” And the man believed the word
that Y’shua spoke to him, and departed. And while he was still on the way,
his servants met him and told him, “Your son is living!”
then enquired of them the hour when he got better. And they told him, “The
fever left him yesterday at the seventh hour (1 p.m.).” So the father knew
that it was at the exact time when Y’shua had said to him, “Your son lives.”
Then both he and all his household believed.
JOHN’S QUESTIONS ABOUT THE MESSIAH
the disciples of John told him about all these things. And John, calling two
of his disciples to him, sent them to Y’shua to ask, “Are You the One who is
coming, or should we look for another?”
that very time Y’shua healed many people of diseases, afflictions,
and evil spirits; and He gave sight to many who were blind. Then Y’shua
answered the messengers; “Go back and tell John what you have seen and
heard: the blind receive sight, the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, the
deaf hear, the dead are raised, and the Good News is preached to the poor.
Blessed is he who does not stumble because of Me.”
the messengers of John had left, He began to speak to the crowds concerning
John: “What did you go out into the desert to see? A reed shaken by the
wind? Otherwise what did you go out to see? A man dressed in soft garments?
Look, those who are gorgeously dressed and living in luxury, are in kings’
palaces! Then what did you go out to see? A prophet? Yes! I tell you, and
much more than a prophet. This is he of whom it is written:
SEND MY MESSENGER AHEAD OF YOU, WHO WILL PREPARE YOUR WAY BEFORE YOU.
tell you, among those born of women there is not a greater prophet than John
the Baptist; but he who is least in the kingdom of God is greater than he.”
all the people, even the tax collectors, when they heard this,
declared God righteous, because they had been baptized by John. But
the Pharisees, and those learned in the law, rejected the counsel of God for
themselves, because they had not been baptized by John.
SETTING PEOPLE FREE
having risen very early in the morning, while it was still dark, Y’shua left
the house and went to a solitary place, and was praying there. And
Simon and those who were with him searched for Him. And when they
found Him, they said to Him, “Everyone is looking for You.” But He replied,
“Let us go to the nearby towns so that I may preach there also; for this is
what I came out for.”
was preaching in their synagogues throughout Galilee, and casting out
Y’shua had come down from the mountain, great multitudes followed Him. Then
a leper came and bowed down before Him and said, “Lord, if You are willing,
You can make me clean.”
stretching out His hand, touched him. “I am willing,” He said. “Be
cleansed.” And immediately he was cured of his leprosy. And Y’shua said to
him, “See that you don’t tell anyone; but go, show yourself to the priest,
and as a testimony to the people, present the offering that Moses
DEMON-POSSESSED PEOPLE DELIVERED
evening came, many who were demon-possessed were brought to Him. He cast out
the spirits with a word, and healed all who were ill. This was to fulfil
what was spoken through Isaiah the prophet;
HIMSELF TOOK OUR INFIRMITIES, AND CARRIED AWAY OUR DISEASES.
some days Y’shua again entered Capernaum, and it was heard that He was in
the house. Immediately many gathered together, so that there was no room
left, not even near the door. And He preached the Word to them.
some people came to Him, bringing a paralytic, carried by four of
them. And since they could not come near Him because of the crowd, they
uncovered the roof above Him. And when they had broken through, they let
down the stretcher on which the paralytic was lying. When Y’shua saw their
faith, He said to the paralytic, “Son, your sins are forgiven.”
some of the scribes were sitting there and they were reasoning in
their hearts: “Why does this Man speak blasphemies like this? Who can
forgive sins but God alone?”
immediately Y’shua, knowing in His spirit that they were reasoning that way
within themselves, said to them, “Why do you reason about these things in
your hearts? Which is easier: to say to the paralytic, ‘Your sins are
forgiven,’ or to say, ‘Rise, take up your stretcher and walk’? But that you
may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins” - He
said to the paralytic, “I tell you, Rise, take up your stretcher, and go
back to your house.”
Immediately he got up, took the stretcher, and went out in the sight of all,
so that all were amazed and praised God, saying, “We have never seen
anything like this!”
TAX COLLECTOR CALLED
passed by, He saw Levi the son of Alphaeus sitting at the tax office. Y’shua
said to him, “Follow Me!” And Levi got up and followed Him. (Levi was
also called Matthew.)
He sat to eat in Levi’s house, that many tax collectors and sinners
also sat with Y’shua and His disciples; for there were many, and they
followed Him. And when the scribes and Pharisees saw Him eating with the tax
collectors and sinners, they asked His disciples, “How is it that He
eats and drinks with tax collectors and sinners?”
Y’shua heard this, He said to them, “It is not those who are healthy
who need a physician, but those who are sick. I did not come to call the
righteous, but sinners, to repentance.”
they were going along the road, someone said to Y’shua, “I will follow You
wherever You go.”
Y’shua said to him, “The foxes have holes, and the birds of the air have
nests, but the Son of Man has nowhere to lay His head.”
said to another, “Follow Me.” But the man said, “Let me first go and
bury my father.” But He said to him, “Allow the dead to bury their own dead;
but as for you, go and proclaim the kingdom of God.”
Another also said, “Master, I will follow You, but first let me say goodbye
to those at my home.” But Y’shua said to him, “No one who puts his hand to
the plough, and looks back, is fit for the kingdom of God.”
Here, the Master was not
advocating that disciples should neglect their families. He is dealing with
the excuses people make to avoid following the Way. In the verse above, “to
bury my father,” was simply saying, “I cannot follow now - maybe after some
time - after my father has died, then I’ll be free to follow.”
HEALING ON THE SABBATH,
THE SERMON ON THE MOUNT,
AND RAISING PEOPLE FROM THE DEAD
The Sabbath was the weekly
day of rest which God commanded all Israelites to keep. There was to be no
work carried out on the seventh day - Friday sunset to Saturday sunset.
(Exodus 20:8-16. Ezekiel
20:12-20). The Pharisees
preached Sabbath law, but instead of the Sabbath being a blessing as God
intended, the Pharisees made it a bondage. They hedged the Law around with
great strictness, but at the same time, made loop-holes so they could escape
its restrictions. Y’shua performed miracles even on the Sabbath, and did
things that the Pharisees saw as “breaking the Law.” They then accused Him
of being from the devil because He “broke God’s Law.” But Y’shua clearly
demonstrated that Sabbath rest was made for man's blessing and benefit, and
was not intended to be a bondage like the priests and Pharisees had made it.
there is in Jerusalem near the Sheep Gate, a pool which is called in
Hebrew, Bethesda, having five porches. In these porches a multitude
of sick people were lying - blind, lame and paralyzed, waiting for the
stirring of the water. For an angel went down at a certain time into the
pool and stirred up the water, then whoever stepped in first, after the
stirring of the water, was cured of whatever disease he had.
certain man was there who had an infirmity thirty-eight years. When Y’shua
saw him lying there, and knew that he had already been a long time in
that condition, He said to him, “Do you want to get well?”
sick man answered Him, “Sir, I have no man to put me into the pool when the
water is stirred up, but while I am coming, another steps down before me.”
said to him, “Rise, take up your bedding, and walk.” And immediately the man
was healed and took up his bedding and began to walk. Now that day
was the Sabbath.
Therefore the Jews were saying to him who was healed, “It is the Sabbath,
and it is not lawful for you to carry your bedding.”
he answered them, “He who made me well said to me, ‘Take up your bedding and
they asked him, “Who is the Man who said to you, ‘Take up your
bedding, and walk’?” But he who was healed did not know who it was, for
Y’shua had slipped away, a crowd being in that place.
Afterward Y’shua found him in the temple, and said to him, “See, you have
been healed; do not sin any more, so that nothing worse may befall you.”
man went away and told the Jews that is was Y’shua who had healed him. And
for this reason
persecuted Y’shua, because He was doing these things on the Sabbath.
Y’shua answered them, “My Father is working until now, and I myself
am working.” So because of this, the Jews were seeking all the more to kill
Him, because He was not only breaking the Sabbath, but He also called God
His own Father, making Himself equal with God.
THE EXCAVATED POOL OF BETHESDA IN JERUSALEM AS IT IS TODAY
therefore said to them, “I assure you of the truth, the Son can do nothing
of Himself, but only what He sees the Father doing; for whatever the
Father does, the Son also does likewise. For the Father loves the Son,
and shows Him all that He Himself is doing; and greater works than these
will He show Him, that you may marvel.
just as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, even so the Son also
gives life to whom He wishes. For the Father judges no one, but He has given
all judgment to the Son, that all may honour the Son even as they honour the
Father. He who does not honour the Son does not honour the Father who sent
tell you the truth, he who hears My Word, and believes in Him who sent Me,
has eternal life and will not come into judgment, but has passed out of
death into life. Most assuredly I tell you the truth, an hour is coming and
now is, when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God; and those who
hear will live. For just as the Father has life in Himself, so He has
granted the Son to have life in Himself; and He has given Him authority to
execute judgment also, because He is the Son of Man.
not be amazed at this; for an hour is coming, in which all who are in the
tombs will hear His voice, and will come forth - those who have done good,
to a resurrection of life, and those who have practised evil to a
resurrection of judgment. I can do nothing on My own initiative; as I
hear, I judge, and My judgment is just, because I do not seek My own will
but the will of Him who sent Me.”
MASTER OF THE SABBATH
14:1-6. MARK 2:23-28
occasion when Y’shua went into the house of one of the leaders of the
Pharisees on a Sabbath, to eat bread, they were watching Him closely.
watch this! In front of Him there was a certain man suffering from dropsy
- a disease that causes the body to swell with fluid. And Y’shua
responded by asking the experts in Mosaic law and Pharisees, “Is it
lawful to heal on the Sabbath, or not?” But they kept silent.
taking hold of him, He healed him, and sent him away. Then He asked them,
“Which one of you, having a donkey or an ox that has fallen into a well,
will not immediately pull him out on a Sabbath day?” And they were unable to
reply to this.
happened that Y’shua went through the cornfields on the Sabbath. And as they
went His disciples began to pluck the ears of corn. Then the Pharisees said
to Him, “Look at that! Why are they doing what is not right on the
said to them, “Have you never read what David did when he had need and was
hungry, both he and his companions: how he went into the House of God
in the days of Abiathar the high priest, and ate the consecrated
showbread which is lawful only for priests to eat; and he also gave some
to those who were with him?”
He said to them, “The Sabbath was made for man, and not man for the Sabbath.
Therefore the Son of Man is also Master of the Sabbath.”
WITHERED HAND HEALED ON A SABBATH
entered the synagogue again, and a man who had a withered hand was there.
And the Pharisees were watching Him, to see if He would heal the man
on the Sabbath, so that they might accuse Him.
He said to the man who had the withered hand, “Come up here to the centre.”
And He asked them, “Is it lawful on the Sabbath to do good or to do evil, to
save life or to kill?” But they kept silent.
looking around at them with anger, being grieved by the hard-ness of their
hearts, He said to the man, “Stretch out your hand.” And he stretched it
out, and his hand was completely restored - just like the other hand. Then
the Pharisees went out and immediately plotted with the Herodians against
Him, as to how they might destroy Him.
withdrew with His disciples to the sea, and a great crowd from Galilee
followed Him. And when they heard how many things He was doing, a great
crowd came to Him from Judea, Jerusalem, Idumea and from beyond the Jordan;
and also people from Tyre and Sidon.
because of the crowd, He told His disciples to have a small boat kept ready
for Him, lest the people should press in upon Him; for He had healed so many
that all those suffering with afflictions pushed forward to touch
the unclean spirits, whenever they saw Him, fell down before Him and cried
out, saying, “You are the Son of God.” But He warned them many times not to
make Him known.
MESSIAH’S TEACHING ON THE MOUNTAIN
Many people have heard a few
of the Master's words from “The Sermon on the Mount,” which was
addressed to Y’shua’s disciples The next three pages are a part of that
message. The full “sermon” may be read in the Gospel of Matthew, chapters 5,
6 and 7. “Blessed” means to have the joyous experience of God’s
favour, grace and salvation, regardless of outward circumstances.
when He saw the crowds, Y’shua went up a mountainside (in Galilee);
and after He sat down, His disciples came to Him. Then He spoke to them and
began to teach them, saying;
are the poor in spirit - the humble, for theirs is the kingdom of
are those who mourn - those who weep because of sin, and those who are
grief-stricken - for they will be comforted.
are the gentle - the meek and patient - for they will inherit the
are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they will be filled
are the merciful, for they will be shown mercy.
are the pure in heart, for they will see God.
are the peacemakers, for they will be called sons of God.
are those who are persecuted because of righteousness, for theirs is the
kingdom of heaven.
are you when men revile, insult and slander you, and when they
persecute you, telling all kinds of vicious lies about you because of Me.
Rejoice, and be glad for your reward in heaven is great, for in the same way
they persecuted the prophets who were before you.
the salt of the earth;
but if the salt loses its saltiness - its taste, strength and quality,
how can it be made salty again? It is no longer good for anything,
except to be thrown out and trampled under foot by men.
the light of the world.
A city built on a hill cannot be hidden. Nor do people light a lamp,
and put it under a basket, but rather they put it on a lampstand; and
it gives light to all who are in the house. Let your light shine before men
in such a way that they may see your good deeds, and praise and glorify your
Father in heaven.
have heard that it was said, ‘YOU
SHALL LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOUR, [Lev 19:18]
and hate your enemy.’ But I tell you,
Love your enemies, bless those who curse you, do good to those who hate you,
and pray for those who insult and persecute you.
when you pray, you must not be like the hypocrites who love to pray standing
in the synagogues and on the street corners, in order to be seen by people.
Yes, I tell you, they have their reward already.
when YOU pray, go into your most private room, and having shut the door,
pray to your Father in secret.
Then your Father who sees what is done in secret, will reward you
you are praying,
do not go
on repeating futile words
Gentiles do, for they think God will hear them because of their many
words. Do not be like them, for your Father knows what you need before you
ask Him. Pray, then, like this:
Father in heaven, hallowed be Your Name.
Your kingdom come,
Your will be done on earth as it is in heaven.
Give us this day our daily bread.
Forgive us our debts, as we also
have forgiven those who were indebted to us.
not lead us into temptation,
but deliver us from evil, and the evil one.
For Yours is the kingdom, and the power,
and the glory, forever. Amen!
you forgive men their trespasses when they sin against you, your
heavenly Father will also forgive you. But if you do not forgive other
people, then your Father will not forgive your trespasses.
store up for yourselves treasures upon earth,
where moth and rust destroy, and where thieves break in and steal; but
store up for yourselves treasures in heaven,
where neither moth nor rust destroys, and where thieves do not break in or
steal; for where your treasure is, there your heart will be also.
this reason I tell you,
do not be
anxious for your life, as to what you will eat or what you will
drink; nor for your body as to what you will wear.
Isn’t life more than food, and the body more than clothing?
at the birds of the air; they do not sow, or reap, or store away in barns,
and yet your heavenly Father feeds them. Are you not worth much more
of you by being anxious can add a single hour to his life’s span? And
why do you worry about clothes? See how the lilies of the field grow. They
do not labour or spin, yet I tell you that not even Solomon in all his
splendour was dressed like one of these.
that is how God clothes the grass of the field, which is here today
and tomorrow is thrown into the fire, will He not much more clothe
you, O you of little faith?
Do not be
saying, ‘What shall we eat?’ or ‘What shall we drink?’ or ‘What shall we
wear?’ For the Gentiles eagerly seek all these things; and your heavenly
Father knows that you need all these things.
seek first His kingdom and His righteousness;
and all these things will be given to you as well. Therefore
do not be anxious for tomorrow,
for tomorrow will care for itself. Each day has enough trouble of its
* * *
CENTURION’S SERVANT HEALED
when Y’shua had entered Capernaum, a Roman centurion came to Him, and
pleaded with Him. “Master,” he said, “my servant is lying at home, paralyzed
and in terrible suffering.”
said to him, “I will come and heal him.” But the centurion replied, “Master,
I am not worthy for You to come under my roof. But just say the word, and my
servant will be healed. For I myself am a man under authority, with soldiers
under me; and I say to this one, Go! and he goes, and to another, Come! and
he comes, and to my slave, Do this! and he does it.”
Y’shua heard this, He marvelled and said to those following Him, “I tell you
the truth, I have not found anyone in Israel with such great faith. And I
tell you that many will come from east and west, and will take their places
with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob in the kingdom of heaven; but the subjects of
the kingdom will be cast outside, into outer darkness, where there shall be
weeping and grinding of teeth.”
Y’shua said to the centurion. “Go! It will be done just as you have
the servant was healed that very hour.
WIDOW’S SON RAISED FROM THE DEAD
the next day Y’shua went into a town called Nain; and many of His
disciples and a large crowd went along with Him. And as He came near the
gate of the town, they saw a dead man being carried out, the only son
of his mother; and she was a widow. And a large crowd from the town was with
the Master saw her, He felt compassion for her and said to her, “Do not
weep.” Then He came near and touched the funeral bier, and those carrying
it stood still. And He said, “Young man, I say to you, get up.” And
the dead man sat up and began to speak. And Y’shua gave him
back to his mother.
they were all filled with awe, and they were praising God, saying, “A great
prophet has risen up among us”; and, “God has visited His people.” And this
report about Him went throughout all Judea and all the surrounding country.
Y’SHUA CALMS THE STORM
Y’shua got into the boat and His disciples followed Him. And suddenly a
great storm came up on the lake, so that the waves swept over the boat. But
Y’shua was sleeping. The disciples came to Him and woke Him, saying,
“Master, save us! We are perishing!”
said to them, “Why are you afraid, you men of little faith?” Then He got up,
and rebuked the winds and the sea; and it became perfectly calm. Then the
men were astonished, and asked, “What kind of Man is this, that even the
winds and the sea obey Him?”
DELIVERED FROM A LEGION OF DEMONS
they came to the other side of the Sea of Galilee, to the region of
the Gadarenes. And when Y’shua had come out of the boat, immediately a man
from the tombs possessed by an unclean spirit met Him - a man
who lived among the tombs, and whom no-one was able to bind any more, not
even with chains; because he had often been bound with shackles and chains,
but the chains had been torn apart by him, and the shackles broken in
pieces, and no-one was strong enough to subdue him. And constantly, night
and day, he was in the mountains and among the tombs, crying out and cutting
himself with stones.
seeing Y’shua from a distance, he ran up and fell down before Him, and cried
out with a loud voice, “What do I have to do with You, Y’shua, Son of the
Most High God? I implore You by God, do not torment me!” For Y’shua
had said to him, “Come out of the man, unclean spirit!” Then He asked him,
“What is your name?” And he said to Him, “My name is Legion; for we are
many.” And he begged Him earnestly not to send the demons out of the
there was a big herd of pigs feeding on the nearby hillside. And all the
demons entreated Him, saying, “Send us to the pigs so that we may enter
them.” And He gave them permission. And coming out, the unclean spirits
entered the pigs which were about two thousand, and the herd rushed down the
steep place into the sea, and they were drowned in the sea.
those who fed the pigs ran off and reported this in the city and the
countryside. And the people came to see what it was that had
happened. So they came to Y’shua and saw the man who had been
possessed by the legion of demons, sitting down, clothed and in his right
mind. And they were afraid. And those who had seen it related to them what
had happened to the demon-possessed man, and all about the pigs. And
they began to plead with Him to leave their region.
He was getting into the boat, the man who had been demon-possessed begged
Y’shua that he might go with Him. However, Y’shua did not allow him,
but He said to him, “Go home to your family and tell them what great things
the Master has done for you, and how He has had compassion on you.”
Then the man went off and began to proclaim in Decapolis what great things
Y’shua had done for him; and everyone marvelled.
JAIRUS’ DAUGHTER NEAR TO DEATH
Y’shua had crossed over again by boat to the other side, a great crowd
gathered about Him while He was near the sea.
one of the rulers of the synagogue, named Jairus, came there, and
upon seeing Y’shua, fell at His feet, and pleaded earnestly with Him,
saying, “My little daughter is at the point of death; please come and
put Your hands on her, that she may be healed and live.” So Y’shua
went with him. And a great crowd followed Him and pressed in on Him.
WOMAN’S HEMORRHAGE HEALED
certain woman who had had a hemorrhage for twelve years, and who had
suffered much at the hands of many physicians and spent all that she had,
and was not helped at all, but rather had gown worse, after hearing about
Y’shua, came behind Him in the crowd and touched His garment. For she
thought, “If I just touch His garments, I will be healed.” And instantly the
flow of her blood was dried up; and she felt in her body that she was
healed of her affliction.
immediately Y’shua, knowing in Himself that power had gone out of Him,
turned around in the crowd and said, “Who touched My
garments?” And His disciples said to Him, “You see the crowd pressing in on
You, and You say, ‘Who touched Me’?” And He looked around to see the
woman who had done this.
the woman fearing and trembling, aware of what had happened to her, came and
fell down before Him, and told Him the whole truth. And He said to her,
“Daughter, your faith has made you well. Go in peace, and be healed of your
He was still speaking, some men came from the house of
Jairus, the ruler of the synagogue. “Your daughter has died,”
they said. “Why trouble the Teacher any more?” But Y’shua, overhearing what
was being spoken, said to the ruler of the synagogue, “Do not be afraid -
only believe.” And He did not allow anyone to follow Him except Peter,
James, and John the brother of James.
JAIRUS’ DAUGHTER RAISED TO LIFE
Y’shua came to the house of Jairus, the ruler of the synagogue, and
saw a commotion, and much weeping and wailing. And entering in, He said to
them, “Why all this commotion and weeping? The child has not died, but is
sleeping.” But they laughed at Him. Then after putting them all out, He took
the father and mother of the child, and those who were with Him, and went in
where the child was lying. And taking the child by the hand, He said to her,
“Talita kumi!” which translated means, “Little girl, I say to you, arise!”
immediately the girl got up and began to walk; for she was twelve
years old. And they were astonished and completely overwhelmed. And Y’shua
gave them strict orders not to let anyone know about this. And He told them
to give her something to eat.
BLIND MEN HEALED
Y’shua went on from there, two blind men followed Him, calling out, “Son of
David, have mercy on us!” And after He had come into the house, the blind
men came to Him. Y’shua asked them, “Do you believe that I am able to do
this?” They said to Him, “Yes, Master.”
He touched their eyes, saying, “According to your faith let it be done to
you.” And their eyes were opened. And Y’shua strongly commanded them, “See
that no one knows about this!” But when they went out, they spread
the news about Him in all that region ...
was going about all the cities and the villages, teaching in their
synagogues, and proclaiming the Gospel of the Kingdom, and healing every
kind of disease and sickness among the people. And seeing the crowds, He
felt compassion for them, because they were distressed and downcast, like
sheep without a shepherd.
He said to His disciples, “The harvest is plentiful, but the workers are
few. So beseech the Master of the harvest to send out workers into His