OUR COLOURED TEXT
Our text is coloured to
highlight Deity, promises, blessings, prophecies, praise, salvation,
judgment and emphasis. This is to encourage an analytical eye while
studying the psalms.
for Names, titles & attributes of God.
blessings, promises & answered prayer.
for salvation & deliverance.
praise & thanksgiving.
for warnings, discipline, & judgments,
for general text or emphasis.
verses - the verse number is indicated in red.
may be pronounced as
Teach Us to Number Our Days
this oldest of all psalms, Moses acknowledges that Yahweh is the Eternal
that man’s lifespan is short, frail and sinful; and prays for
God’s favour so that His people may be glad and sing for joy.
Prayer of Moses the Man of God.
have been our
our refuge in all generations.
Before the mountains were born,
had formed the earth and the world,
everlasting to everlasting,
You are God.
You turn man
back into dust,
and say, 'Return, O children of men.'
For a thousand years in
like yesterday that has past,
or as a watch in the night.
You have swept them away like a flood,
they are in a sleep of death.
Like grass which springs up in the morning;
in the morning it flourishes, and springs up;
in the evening it is cut down and withers.
For we have been consumed by
and by Your
wrath we have been terrified.
You have placed our iniquities before
our secret sins in the light of
For all our days have passed away in
we have finished our years like a sigh.
The days of our life are seventy years,
or if due to strength, eighty years,
yet their span is but toil and sorrow;
for soon it is cut off, and we fly away.
Who understands the power of
according to the awe of You?
So teach us to number our days,
that we may gain a heart of
YHWH! How long will it be?
Satisfy us in the morning with
that we may
sing and rejoice all our days.
Cause us to be glad
according to the days You
have afflicted us,
and the years we have seen evil.
majesty to their children.
And let the
beauty of Adonai our God be upon us;
and establish the work of our hands for us;
yes, establish the work of our hands.
In the Shadow of
ELYON EL SHADDAI
This psalm outlines the security of the one who trusts in Yahweh,
Almighty, the Most High. It gives assurance of protection and deliverance.
He who dwells in the
Secret Place of
Elyon, the Most High,
abides under the shadow of
the Almighty - El Shaddai.
He says of YHWH,
'My Refuge and my Fortress,
my Elohim! I
trust in Him!'
delivers you from
the snare of a trapper,
and from the destructive pestilence.
He covers you
with His feathers,
you take refuge.
is a shield and armour,
you are not afraid of the terror by night,
nor of the arrow that flies by day;
nor of the
pestilence that stalks in darkness,
nor of the destruction that lays waste at noon.
A thousand may fall at your side,
and ten thousand at your right hand,
it does not come near you.
But with your eyes you look
the recompense of the wicked.
Because you have made
ELYON, the Most High -
your dwelling place,
no evil will befall you,
nor will any plague come near your dwelling.
will give His angels
charge concerning you
to guard you in all your ways.
They will bear you up in their hands,
lest you dash your foot against a stone.^
You will tread upon the lion and cobra,
the young lion and dragon - the serpent -
you will trample down.
^Because he has delighted in Me, I also deliver
I set him on high, because he has known
He calls upon
Me, and I answer Him;
I am with Him in trouble;
I rescue Him, and honour him.^
With long life I satisfy him,
and show him
Give Thanks and
Sing Praises to
psalm begins with praise to the Most High for His great works,
ends with the contrast between the wicked who will perish,
the righteous who will flourish even in old age.
Psalm, a Song for the Sabbath Day
It is good to
give thanks to YHWH,
and to sing praises to
O Elyon, Most High;
Your lovingkindness in the morning,
with the ten-stringed instrument, with
and the melody of the lyre.
O YHWH, have
made me glad by Your work.
I sing for joy at the
works of Your hands.
How great are
Your works, O YHWH!
are very deep.
A senseless man does not know;
and a fool does not understand this:
when the wicked spring up like grass,
and all evildoers flourish,
it is only that they might be destroyed forever.
But You, O YHWH, are on high forever.
For look! Your enemies,
look, Your enemies perish!
All evildoers are scattered.
But You lift up my horn like that of a wild
I have been anointed with
My eye looks upon my enemies,
my ears hear the evildoers who rise up against me.
The righteous man flourishes like the palm tree,
he grows like a cedar in Lebanon.
Those who are planted in
the House of
flourish in the
courts of our God.
They still yield fruit in old age;
they are green and flourishing,
to declare that
YHWH is upright;
He is my
Rock, and there is
no unrighteousness in Him.
The MAJESTY of YHWH
psalmist here anticipates the millennial kingdom of God,
exults in the majesty and sovereignty of Yahweh the everlasting King.
YHWH reigns! He is robed in majesty;
YHWH has clothed and armed Himself with strength;
Indeed, the world is firmly established,
it will not be moved.
Your throne is
You are from all eternity.
The floods have lifted up,
the floods have lifted up their voice;
the floods lift up their pounding waves.
More than the sounds of many waters,
more than the mighty breakers of the sea,
YHWH on high is mighty.
are very firm
Your House, O YHWH,
This is a psalm of lament outlines the ruthlessness of the wicked,
reminds them that they are a mere breath. The writer expresses
confidence in both the lovingkindness, and the justice of God.
O YHWH, God of
Rise up, O
of the earth;
render punishment to the proud.
How long will the wicked,
how long will the wicked be jubilant?
They pour forth words, they speak
all the evil-doers boast in themselves.
They crush Your
people, O YHWH,
and they oppress
They slay the widow and the stranger,
and murder the fatherless.
And they say, 'Yah
does not see,
God of Jacob
does not pay heed.'
Take heed, you senseless among the people;
when will you become wise, you foolish ones?
planted the ear,
formed the eye,
nations, will He
not reprove -
YHWH knows the thoughts of man,
that they are a mere breath.
Blessed is the man whom
and teach out of
may grant him relief from the days of adversity,
until a pit is dug for the wicked.
does not abandon
nor does He forsake
will again be founded on righteousness;
and all the upright in heart will follow it.
Who will stand up for me against evildoers?
Who will take his stand for me against those who do wickedness?
had not been my
my soul would soon have dwelt in the abode
If I should say, 'My foot has slipped.'
Your lovingkindness, O YHWH,
will hold me up.
When my anxious thoughts multiply within me,
brings joy to my soul.
Can a throne of destruction be allied with
one which devises mischief by decree?
They band themselves together against the life of
and condemn innocent blood.
has been my
Stronghold - my
and my God -
the Rock of my
brings back their own wickedness
and cuts them off in their wickedness.
YHWH our God
cuts them off!
YHWH Our Maker
This psalm calls us to praise and worship Yahweh who is above all “gods.”
is a great King, a great God, our Maker and our Shepherd.
ends with a warning of the unbelief of the wilderness generation.
Come, let us
sing to YHWH.
Let us shout joyfully to
the Rock of our
Let us come before
Let us shout to Him with psalms.
For YHWH is a
and a great King
above all gods.
In His hand
are the deep
places of the earth;
the mountain peaks are
The sea is His,
for He made it;
and His hands
formed the dry land.
Come, let us bow
down in worship.
Let us kneel before
YHWH our Maker.
For He is our
and we are the people of
and the sheep of
Today, if you will hear
do not harden your hearts as at Meribah,*
as in the day of Massah* in the wilderness
when your fathers tested
and saw My work.
For forty years I was wearied and grieved
because of that generation,
and I said, ‘They are a people who go astray in their hearts,
and they do not know
Therefore I swore in
They shall not enter into
a New Song! Declare
This psalm exhorts the whole earth to praise and worship the
proclaim His salvation and to declare His glory. Yahweh reigns!
looks forward to His coming, as Messiah,
judge the earth and to rule the earth.
Sing to YHWH
a new song;
sing to YHWH,
all the earth;
sing to YHWH,
salvation from day to day.
Tell of His
glory among the nations,
among all the peoples.
For great is
YHWH, and greatly to be praised;
He is to be
feared above all gods.
For all the gods of the peoples are nonentities -
YHWH made the
in His sanctuary.
YHWH, O families of the peoples,
YHWH glory and
to His Name.
Bring an offering, and come into
Bow down and worship
YHWH in the
beauty of holiness.
Him, all the earth.
Say among the nations,
The world also is firmly established, immovable.
He judges the
peoples with equity.'
Let the heavens rejoice, and let the earth be
Let the sea roar, and all that fills it;
Let the field be joyful, and all that is in it.
Then all the trees of the forest will sing for joy
is coming to judge the earth!
judge the world
and the peoples in
psalms gives a description of the awesome Presence and Glory of Yahweh,
Most High over all the earth.
mighty ones (“gods”) are commended to bow down before Him.
Those who love Yahweh are told to hate evil, and to be glad in Him.
the earth is joyful.
Many islands are rejoicing.
Clouds and thick darkness surround
Righteousness and justice
foundation of His throne.
Fire goes before
and burns up
adversaries round about.
lightnings have lit up the world;
the earth has seen and trembled.
The mountains have melted like wax at the
Presence of YHWH,
at the Presence
of the Master of the whole earth.
The heavens have declared
and all the peoples have seen
All are put to shame who serve graven images -
those boasting themselves in nonentities - idols.
Bow down before
Him, all you
“gods” – mighty ones.
Zion has heard this and rejoices,
and the daughters of Judah are joyful
For You, YHWH,
Most High over all the earth;
You are exalted
You who love
YHWH, hate evil!
the souls of His
devout, set-apart ones;
delivers them from the hand of the wicked.
Light is sown for the righteous,
and gladness for the upright in heart.
YHWH, you righteous;
and give thanks at the remembrance of
A New Song to
This psalm praises Yahweh as Deliverer, Saviour, King, Judge and Ruler.
Shout joyfully to the LORD, all the earth!
Sing to YHWH
a new song,
He has done wonders.
His Right Hand
and His Holy
Arm have brought
YHWH has made
known His salvation;
He has revealed
His righteousness in the sight of the
He has remembered
faithfulness to the House of Israel.
All the ends of the earth have seen
the salvation of our God.
Shout joyfully to
YHWH, all the
Break forth and shout for joy, and sing praises.
Sing to YHWH
with the harp;
with the lyre and the voice of praise;
with trumpets and the sound of a horn.
Shout joyfully before
YHWH the King.
Let the sea roar and all that fills it;
the world and those who dwell in it.
Let the rivers clap their hands.
Let the mountains sing together for joy, before
is coming to judge the earth.
judges the world
and the peoples with equity.
YHWH our God. Holy is He!
This psalm praises Yahweh, the Holy King who is enthroned between the
order of angels who guard the holiness of God.) Verse one indicates
Sh’khinah glory, the manifest Presence of God, dwelt between the wings
the two gold cherubim on the Mercy Seat of the Ark of the Covenant.
psalm looks back to God’s Presence with Israel in the times of the first
it also looks forward to the future Millennial reign of the Messiah.
YHWH reigns, let
the nations tremble;
He sits enthroned
The earth shakes!
Great is YHWH
He is high
above all the peoples.
Let them praise
and awesome Name -
It is holy
The strength of the King loves
have established equity;
and righteousness in Jacob.
and bow yourselves in worship at
Moses and Aaron were among
and Samuel was among those calling upon
They called upon
He answered them.
He spoke to them
in the pillar of cloud;
and the statute that
He gave them.
O YHWH our Elohim,
You were a
and yet avenged their evil deeds.
and bow yourselves in worship at
His holy hill;
is YHWH our
This brief psalm calls on the people to joyfully worship Yahweh,
exhorts them to bless His Name.
Psalm of Thanksgiving
Shout joyfully to
YHWH, all the
Know that YHWH
He who has made
us, and not we ourselves.
His people and
the sheep of His pasture.
gates with thanksgiving,
Give thanks to
For YHWH is good.
to all generations.
The Way of Integrity
King David here presents a manifesto of ethical standards for his kingdom.
Psalm of David.
I will sing of lovingkindness and justice.
You, O YHWH,
I will sing praises.
I behave wisely in a blameless way.
You come to me?
I walk in the midst of my house with integrity of
I will set no vile, wicked or
worthless thing before my eyes.
I hate the work of those who turn away from the right path.
That wicked thing shall not fasten its grip on me.
A perverse heart turns away from me; I do not know
Whoever secretly slanders his neighbour,
him I will destroy.
I will not tolerate the one who has a haughty look and a proud heart.
My eyes are on the faithful of the land,
that they may dwell with me;
he who walks in a blameless way
- a way of integrity - he will serve me.
He who practises deceit will not dwell in my house;
he who speaks lies will not stand in my presence.
morning I will destroy all the wicked of the land,
that I may cut off all the evildoers
the city of YHWH.
Here the psalmist prays in his distress for help. He also expresses
the sovereign purposes of God for Zion, and for the nations
that will ultimately stand in awe of Yahweh, and serve Him.
Prayer of the Afflicted, when he is faint, and pours
his complaint before the LORD.
Hear my prayer,
And let my cry for help come to
Do not hide Your
Face from me in the day of my distress.
to me; in the day when I call, answer me quickly.
For my days have been consumed like smoke,
and my bones have burned like a firebrand.
My heart is smitten and withered like grass
for I have forgotten to eat my bread.
Because of the sound of my groaning
my bones cling to my flesh.
I have been like a pelican of the wilderness;
I have become like an owl of the desert.
I watch, and I am like a bird alone on the
My enemies have reproached me all day long.
Those who rail at me have sworn against me,
using my name as a curse.
For I have eaten ashes like bread,
and mixed my drink with weeping,
Your displeasure and
have lifted me up, and thrown me down.
My days are like a shadow stretched out,
and I wither away like grass.
But, O YHWH,
Memorial-Name to all
You, will arise
and have compassion
for the time to show favour to her, the appointed time, has come.
take pleasure in her stones,
and they favour her dust.
The nations will fear the
Name of YHWH,
and all the kings of the earth will stand in awe
of Your Glory.
YHWH has built
He will appear
in His Glory.
He will respond
to the prayer of the destitute,
will not despise their plea.
This is written for a generation to come;
so that a people yet to be created may
looked down from
His Sanctuary on
YHWH gazed upon
to hear the groaning of the prisoner;
to release the sons condemned to death;
to declare the
Name of YHWH
praise in Jerusalem,
when the peoples are gathered together,
and the kingdoms, to serve
has humbled and weakened my strength in
has shortened my days.
I said, 'O my
God, do not take me away in the midst of
Your years are
throughout all generations.
Of old You
founded the earth,
and the heavens are the work of
They will perish, but
and all of them will become old like a garment;
You will change
them, and they will be changed.
But You are the
and Your years have no end.
The children of
Your servants will continue,
and their descendants will be established before
Bless His Holy
Do not forget
all His benefits!
This magnificent psalm begins with David blessing
Yahweh, and concludes with a universal call to bless the LORD.
praises Yahweh for His personal and national blessings,
for His forgiveness, compassion and eternal love.
Psalm of David.
O my soul;
And all that is within me,
His holy Name.
O my soul,
And do not forget all
all your iniquities;
Who heals all your diseases;
your life from destruction;
Who crowns you with
Who satisfies your desires with good,
so that your youth is renewed like the eagle's.
for all who are oppressed.
He made known
His ways to
His acts to the
sons of Israel.
slow to anger
and abounding in mercy.
He does not
always strive with us;
He has not dealt
with us according to our sins,
nor rewarded us according to our iniquities.
For as high as the heavens are above the earth,
so great is
for those who stand in
awe of Him.
As far as the east is from the west,
so far has
removed our transgressions from us.
As a father has compassion for his children,
those who stand in awe of Him.
For He Himself
knows how we are
He is mindful
that we are dust.
As for man,
his days are like grass;
as a flower of the field, so he flourishes,
for the wind blows over it, and it is gone;
and its place acknowledges it no longer.
lovingkindness of YHWH is from
upon those who stand
in awe of Him,
righteousness to children's children,
to those who keep
and to those who remember to obey
established His throne
in the heavens,
rules over all.
His messengers - His angels,
mighty in power, who perform
listening to the voice of
who serve Him,
doing His will.
works, in all places of His dominion.
O my soul!
All Creation Looks To
This is a hymn of praise to Yahweh, who created the heavens and the earth,
who has adapted the earth for the needs of all living creatures.
acclaims the Creator who is very great, and clothed with
splendour and majesty praise.
O my soul!
O YHWH my God,
clothed with splendour
as with a garment,
the heavens like a curtain;
who lays the
beams of His upper chambers in the waters;
who makes the
thick clouds His chariot;
who walks on
the wings of the wind;
who makes the
winds His messengers;
flames of fire His ministers.
He has established
the earth on its foundations,
so that it will never ever be moved.
You covered it
with the deep as with a garment;
the waters stood above the mountains. *
rebuke they fled;
at the sound of
they hurried away. *
They flowed up over the mountains;
they went down into the valleys
to the place which
You prepared for
You have set a boundary
which they may
so that they may not return to cover the earth. *
verses 6-9 are speaking of the third day of creation)
You are the
One who sends
springs in the valleys;
they flow between the hills;
they give water to every beast of the field;
the wild donkeys quench their thirst.
By the springs the birds of the heavens
they sing among the branches.
the One who waters
the hills from Your upper chambers;
the earth is satisfied with the fruit of
who causes the grass to grow for the cattle,
and vegetation for man to cultivate,
to bring forth food from the earth;
and wine that gladdens the heart of man;
oil to make the face to shine;
and bread which sustains man’s heart.
The trees of
YHWH are watered and satisfied,
the cedars of Lebanon which
where the birds build their nests,
and the stork has her home in the fir trees.
The mountains are for wild goats;
the crags are a refuge for the rock badgers.
You are the
One who made
the moon for the seasons;
the sun knows the place of its setting.
You bring darkness
and it becomes night,
in which all the beasts of the forest prowl.
The young lions roar after their prey,
and seek their food from
When the sun
rises they return
and lie down in their dens.
Man goes out to his work
and to his labour until evening.
O YHWH, how many are
In wisdom You have made
the earth is filled with
There is the sea, great and wide,
in which are moving things without number -
living creatures both small and great.
There the ships sail to and fro,
and Leviathan, which
You have formed
to frolic there.
These all look to
to give them their food at the proper time.
You give to
them, they gather it up;
You open Your hand,
they are satisfied with good.
You hide Your Face,
they are alarmed;
You take away
their breath, they die,
and return to their dust.
You send forth Your Spirit,
they are created;
the face of the earth.
The glory of YHWH endures forever;
in His works;
who looks at the earth, and it trembles;
the mountains, and they smoke.
I will sing to
YHWH as long
as I live;
I will sing praise to my
God while I
have my being.
My meditation on
Him is sweet
I, yes I shall be glad in
Let sinners be consumed from the earth,
and let the wicked be no more.
O my soul. Praise
This psalm calls for praise and remembrance of God’s wonderful works.
highlights the Abrahamic covenant, the life of Joseph,
Jacob’s settlement in Egypt, and Israel’s deliverance from slavery,
their wilderness experience and entrance into Canaan.
Oh give thanks
call upon His
make known His
deeds among the peoples.
Sing to Him,
sing praises to
Tell of all His
Glory in His
let the hearts of those who seek
Seek His Face
He has done;
and the judgments of His mouth,
O seed of Abraham
O sons of Jacob,
His chosen ones!
He is YHWH
are in all the earth.
He has remembered
the Word He
commanded for a thousand generations,
made with Abraham,
and confirmed it to Jacob for a law,
to Israel as
saying, "To you I
give the land of Canaan
as the portion of your inheritance,"
when they were only a few men in number,
very few, and strangers in it.
And they wandered about from nation to nation,
from one kingdom to another people.
He allowed no one to oppress them,
kings for their sakes:
not touch My anointed ones,
and do My
prophets no harm or evil."
called for a famine in the land;
He cut off
all the supply of bread.
He sent a man
Joseph who was sold as a slave.
They afflicted his feet with shackles;
his soul was laid up in irons,
until the time that
His Word came to
the Word of YHWH
The king sent and released him,
the ruler of peoples set him free.
He made him master of his house,
and ruler over all his possessions,
to bind his princes at his pleasure,
that he might teach his elders wisdom.
Then Israel also came into Egypt;
and Jacob sojourned in the land of Ham.
And He, YHWH,
His people to be very fruitful,
and made them stronger than their enemies.
He turned their
heart to hate His people,
to conspire against
He sent Moses
His signs among them,
and miracles in the land of Ham.
darkness and made it dark;
and they did not rebel against
their waters into blood,
and caused their fish to die.
Their land teemed with frogs,
even in the inner rooms of their kings.
He spoke, and
swarms of flies came,
and gnats in all their territory.
He gave them
hail for rain,
and flaming fire in their land.
their vines and their fig trees,
and shattered the trees of their territory.
He spoke, and
and larvae - young locusts - without number,
and ate up all vegetation in their land,
and devoured the fruit of their ground.
He also struck down
all the first-born in their land,
the first fruits of all their strength.
brought them out with silver and gold;
and there was not one feeble person among
Egypt was glad when they left,
the dread of them had fallen upon them.
He spread a
cloud for a covering,
and fire to
give light at night.
They asked, and
He brought quail,
and satisfied them with the bread of heaven.
He opened the
rock, and water gushed out;
it ran in the dry places like a river.
remembered His holy Word
and He brought
forth His people with joy,
His chosen ones
He gave them also the lands of the nations,
and they inherited the labour of those peoples,
so that they might keep
and observe His
Israel's Rebellion and
the LORD'S Deliverance
After an opening prayer and praise, the psalmist laments and confesses
Israel’s sins which were like the sins of their fathers - unbelief and
murmuring against God and Moses, their worship of the golden calf,
their unbelief and refusal to enter the Promised Land; their participation
Moabite worship, and their disobedience after finally entering the Land.
concludes with a prayer for salvation and regathering;
blesses Yahweh the everlasting God of Israel.
Oh give thanks to
Who can speak of the mighty deeds of
or fully declare
How blessed are those who maintain justice,
and practice righteousness at all times!
Remember me, O
favour to Your
visit me with
that I may see the good of
Your chosen ones,
that I may
rejoice in the gladness of
that I may boast in
We have sinned like our fathers,
we have committed iniquity, we have behaved wickedly.
Our fathers in Egypt did not understand
they did not remember
Your abundant kindnesses,
but rebelled by the sea - at the Red Sea.
saved them for
His Name's sake,
might make His
mighty power known.
He rebuked the Red Sea and it dried up;
them through the deeps, as through a
Thus He saved
them from the hand of the one who hated
from the hand of the enemy.
The waters covered their adversaries;
not one of them was left.
Then they believed
they sang His
soon forgot His works;
they did not wait for
but lusted greatly in the wilderness,
God in the
So He gave
them their request,
but sent leanness into their souls.
When they became envious of Moses in the camp,
of Aaron, the set-apart one of
the earth opened up and swallowed Dathan,
and engulfed the company of Abiram.
And a fire burned in their company;
a flame consumed the wicked.
They made a calf in Horeb,
and bowed down to a moulded image.
Thus they exchanged their
Glory - the Glory of God -
for the image of an ox that eats grass.
They forgot God
who had done great things in Egypt,
wonders in the land of Ham,
and awesome things by the Red Sea.
said that He
would destroy them, and He would have,
His chosen one
not stood in the breach before them,
to turn away
from destroying them.
Then they despised the pleasant land;
they did not believe in
but grumbled in their tents.
They did not listen to the
voice of YHWH.
He lifted up
His hand in an oath
to make them fall in the wilderness,
to make their descendants fall among the
and to scatter them in the lands.
They joined themselves also to Baal-peor,
and ate sacrifices offered to the dead.
Thus they provoked
anger with their deeds;
and the plague broke out among them.
Then Phinehas stood up and intervened;
and the plague was stopped.
And it was reckoned to him for
to all generations forever.
They also provoked
wrath at the waters of Meribah,
and Moses suffered on account of them;
because they embittered his spirit,
and he spoke rashly with his lips.
They did not destroy the peoples,
but they mingled with the nations,
and learned their practices,
and served their idols,
which became a snare to them.
They even sacrificed their sons and their
daughters to demons,
and they shed innocent blood;
the blood of their sons and their daughters
whom they sacrificed to the idols of Canaan.
And the land was defiled with blood.
Thus they became unclean because of their
and by their deeds they played the harlot.
Therefore the anger of
YHWH was kindled against His people,
His own inheritance.
Then He gave
them into the hand of the nations;
and those who hated them ruled over them.
Their enemies also oppressed them,
and they were subdued under their power.
Many times He
but they rebelled by their plans,
and so they were brought low in their
looked on their distress,
He heard their
remembered His covenant
for their sake,
and relented because of
His great kindness.
He also caused
them to find compassion
among all those holding them captive.
O YHWH our God,
and gather us from among the nations,
to give thanks to
Your holy Name,
triumph in Your
YHWH, God of Israel,
from everlasting even to everlasting.
And let all the people say,
END OF PSALMS BOOK FOUR