The Prosperity of the Wicked,
and their End
A Psalm of
was an outstanding musician in the time of King David who was appointed
minister of music before the Ark which has been captured by the Philistines.
was brought back by David and was now in special “tent” in Jerusalem,
though the Tabernacle was still in Gideon.
Chronicles 15:19, 16:1-7).
descendants were also official musicians.
50 and 73 to 83 are all attributed to “Asaph.” But as some of
psalms were written after the time of David, it suggests that
least one of the psalmists was from the among the descendants of Asaph.
psalm Asaph gives an answer to the perplexing question of why the
prosper; and contrasts the destinies of the wicked and the righteous.
is truly good
to those who are pure in heart.
as for me, my feet had almost stumbled;
my steps had nearly slipped.
I was envious of the boastful,
when I saw the peace and prosperity of the wicked.
there are no pangs in their death,
and their strength is firm.
are not in trouble as other men,
nor are they plagued like other men.
pride surrounds them as a necklace;
violence covers them like a garment.
eyes bulge from fatness and abundance;
the imaginations of their heart run riot.
scoff and speak wickedly of oppression;
they speak from high up - so loftily.
have set their mouth against the heavens,
and their tongue walks through the earth.
Therefore his people return here,
their people turn to them,
and the drink waters in abundance.
And they say, ‘How could
the Most High have
See, these are the wickedly who are
always at ease.
They have increased in wealth.
Surely I have cleansed my heart in vain,
and washed my hands in innocence.
all day long I am plagued,
and chastened every morning.
I had said, ‘I will speak thus,’
then I would have betrayed the generation of
I tried to understand this,
it was oppressive to my eyes -
I went into the sanctuary of God;
then I understood
their final destiny.
them in slippery places;
You make them fall to destruction.
how they are ruined as in a moment!
They are completely swept away by terrors.
Master, when You
despise their form,
as one does a dream after awakening.
When my heart was embittered,
and I was pierced within
I was so foolish and ignorant;
I was like a beast before
Yet I am always with
You hold me by my
You guide me with
You receive me
into glory with honour.
Whom have I in heaven but
And there is nothing on earth that I
desire besides You.
My flesh and my heart may fail,
God is the Rock -
the strength of my heart
and my portion forever.
indeed, those who are far from You
You will cut off all who are unfaithful to
as for me, it is good to draw near to
I have made Adonai
YHWH my Refuge,
that I may
declare all Your works.
the background of the Babylonian captivity and the destruction of
Temple in 586 BC, this psalm relates the nation’s cry for help,
conditions of the havoc, and the confidence of their hope.
(a contemplative poem)
Elohim, why have
You rejected us
smoulder against the sheep of Your pasture?
Your assembly -
Your people whom
You have purchased of old,
the tribe of Your
You have redeemed -
Mount Zion where You have dwelt.
Your footsteps to
the endless ruins.
The enemy has wickedly desecrated everything in
enemies have roared in the midst of Your
they have set up their own banners as signs.
seem like men who lift up axes upon a thicket of trees.
now they smash all its carved work with axes and hammers.
have burned Your sanctuary
to the ground;
they have defiled
the dwelling place of
said in their hearts,
‘Let us crush them altogether.’
They have burned up all
the meeting places of God
in the land.
do not see our signs; there is no longer any prophet;
nor is there any among us who knows how long.
God, how long will the adversary revile?
Will the enemy despise
do You withdraw Your Hand,
even Your Right Hand?
Bring it out
of Your bosom and destroy them.
God is my King from of old,
bringing deliverance in the midst of the earth.
divided the sea by Your strength;
You broke the heads of the sea serpents in the waters.
broke the heads of Leviathan in pieces,
and gave him as food to the people living in the wilderness.
broke open the fountain and the flood;
You dried up ever-flowing rivers.
day is Yours, the night also is Yours;
You have established
the light and the sun.
have set all the borders of the earth;
You have made summer
this: the enemy has reviled YHWH,
and a foolish people has despised
not give the life of Your turtledove
to the wild beast!
Do not forget the assembly of
Your poor, afflicted people
and consider the covenant;
for the dark places of the earth are full of the haunts
not let the oppressed return ashamed!
Let the poor and needy praise
O God, plead
Your own cause!
Remember how the foolish man reviles
not forget the voice of Your
the uproar of those who rise up against
warns of the inevitable judgment that will cut off “the horns”
wicked; and praises God because He is the Judge.
Chief Musician. Set to ‘Do Not Destroy.’
A Psalm of
Asaph. A Song
give thanks to You, O God,
we give thanks!
Your wondrous works
I set the appointed time,
it is I, yes I, who will judge uprightly.
When the earth
and all its inhabitants melt;
it is I,
who will set its pillars firmly. Selah.
I said to the boastful, “Do not boast,”
and to the wicked, “Do not lift up the horn;
(do not proudly vaunt your strength);
do not lift up your horn on high;
- you speak with a stiff neck”.’
For exaltation comes neither from the east
nor from the west, nor from the wilderness - the south.
But God is the
He puts down one, and exalts another.
For there is a cup in
the hand of
the wine in it foams;
it is filled with a mixture, and
He pours it out.
Surely all the wicked of the earth drink, draining it to the very dregs.
But I, I declare it forever,
I sing praises to
the God of Jacob.
all the horns of the wicked I cut off,
but the horns of
the righteous are exalted!
The Glorious Power of Elohim
a song of thanksgiving for God’s victory over Israel’s enemies.
Chief Musician. On stringed instruments.
A Psalm of
Asaph. A Song.
is known in Judah;
His Name is
great in Israel.
tabernacle is in Salem,
and His dwelling
place in Zion.
He broke the
flashing arrows of the bow,
the shield, sword, and battle-axe.
are glorious and more
than the mountains
valiant, stout-hearted have been stripped;
they have sunk into their sleep;
and none of the mighty men have found the use of their hands.
rebuke, O God of Jacob,
both the rider and horse have plunged into a coma.
yes You, are to be feared;
and who may stand in
when once You
caused judgment to be heard from heaven.
The earth feared, and was still,
Elohim rose up to
to deliver all the
meek and oppressed of the earth. Selah.
the wrath of man praises You;
the remainder of wrath You restrain.
the remainder of wrath You gird Yourself.
vows to YHWH your God,
and fulfil them.
Let all who are around Him
bring gifts to
the One who is
to be feared.
cuts off the spirit of rulers;
He is awesome
to the kings of the earth! r
When Overwhelmed, Remember
Works of Yah!
troubled writer is discouraged, for seemingly, God has changed,
forgotten to be gracious. But then Asaph is comforted
recounts the wonders of old that God has done.
Chief Musician. To Jeduthun.
A Psalm of
voice is lifted to God -
and I cry; my voice calls to
and He has listened to me.
the day of my distress I sought YHWH Adonai;
my hand was stretched out in the night without ceasing;
My soul refused to be comforted.
When I talked it over in prayer,
and my spirit grew faint - overwhelmed.
hold my eyelids open - You keep me from death;
I am so troubled that I cannot speak.
have thought about the days of old,
the years of long ago.
remember my song in the night;
I meditate within my heart,
and my spirit searches diligently.
And will He never be pleased again?
His kindness ceased
promise failed for all generations?
God forgotten to be
Has He in anger shut up
His mercies? Selah.
I said, ‘This is my anguish;
the Right Hand of the Most High
‘But I will remember
the years of
the right hand of the Most High.’)
will remember the works of
(*short form of Yahweh)
for I remember Your
wonders of old.
will also meditate on all Your work,
and talk of Your
way, O God,
what god is great like
are the God who does wonders;
You have declared
Your strength among the peoples.
You have redeemed
the sons of Jacob and Joseph. Selah.
waters saw You,
the waters saw You,
they were afraid;
the depths also trembled.
clouds poured out water;
the skies rumbled;
Your arrows also flashed back and forth.
sound of Your thunder
was in the whirlwind;
the lightnings lit up the world;
the earth trembled and shook.
in the sea,
Your path in the
and Your footsteps
were not known.
led Your people
like a flock
by the hand of Moses and Aaron.
Continues to Guide
recites the early history of the nation in order to warn future generations
against a repetition of unfaithfulness. He recalls Israel’s provocation
wilderness, their ingratitude during the exodus, and
unfaithfulness during the period of the judges.
through it all, God disciplined, shepherded,
restored and guided them with His skilful hands.
O my people, to my instruction;
incline your ears to the words of my mouth.
will open my mouth in a parable;
I will speak hidden things of old,
we have heard and known,
for our fathers have related them to us.
do not conceal them from their children,
but tell to the generation to come,
the praises of
and His strength
and His wonderful
works that He
He established a
and appointed a
that they should teach them to their children;
the generation to come might know them,
the children yet to be born,
that they, in turn, may rise up and relate them to
put their confidence in God,
and not forget the
works of Elohim,
but keep His
not be like their fathers -
a stubborn and rebellious generation -
a generation that did not set its heart right,
and whose spirit was not faithful to
sons of Ephraim though archers equipped with bows,
turned back in the day of battle.
did not keep the covenant of God,
and refused to walk in
forgot His deeds,
and His wonders
that He had shown them.
things He did in the sight of their fathers,
in the land of Egypt, in the field of Zoan.
divided the sea, and caused them to pass
the waters stand up like a heap.
He led them with
the cloud by
and all through the night with
a light of fire.
split the rocks in the wilderness,
and gave them
water to drink
as from the great ocean depths.
also brought streams from out of the
waters to run down like rivers.
they still continued to sin against Him,
the Most High in the
in their heart they put God
to the test
by asking for the food they craved.
they spoke against God.
a table in the wilderness?
He struck the rock,
so that waters gushed out,
and streams overflowed.
He give bread also?
He provide meat for
and a fire was kindled against Jacob,
and anger also rose up against Israel,
they did not believe in God,
and did not trust in
He commanded the
the doors of the heavens;
He rained down
manna upon them to eat,
them the grain of heaven.
ate the bread of angels;
He sent them food
caused the east wind to blow in the heavens;
and by His power
He directed the
rained meat on them like the dust,
and winged fowls like the sand of the seas;
let them fall in the midst of
round about His
they ate and were very satisfied;
them what they desired.
they had satisfied their desire,
and while their food was still in their mouths,
anger of God
came against them,
and killed some of the sturdiest among them,
and stuck down the choice young men of Israel.
spite of all this they still sinned,
and did not believe in
His wonderful works.
He brought their
days to an end in futility,
and their years in terror.
He slew them, then they sought Him,
and returned and searched earnestly for
they remembered that Elohim
was their Rock,
and El Elyon, the
Most High God, their Redeemer.
they flattered and deceived Him
with their mouth,
and lied to
with their tongue.
their heart was not steadfast toward Him,
nor were they faithful in
He, being compassionate,
and did not destroy them.
Often He restrained
and did not stir up all
He remembered that
they were but flesh,
a passing wind that does not return.
40 How often they rebelled against
Him in the
Him in the desert!
again and again they put God to the test,
and limited and vexed
the Holy One of Israel.
did not remember His hand of power,
on the day
He redeemed them from the enemy,
He displayed His
signs in Egypt,
in the field of Zoan,
He turned their
rivers to blood,
and their streams, so that they could not drink.
sent swarms of flies among them, which
and frogs which destroyed them.
gave also their crops to the caterpillar,
and the product of their labour to the locust.
destroyed their vines with hail,
and their sycamore trees with frost.
gave their cattle over to hailstones,
and their livestock to fiery bolts of lightning.
sent upon them
His burning anger,
wrath, indignation and distress -
a deputation of messengers of evil.
made a path for
He did not spare
their soul from death,
but gave over their life to the plague,
all the firstborn in Egypt,
the firstfruits of their strength in the tents of Ham.
He made His own people
go forth like sheep,
and guided them in the wilderness like a flock;
He led them safely, so that they did not fear;
but the sea overwhelmed their enemies.
He brought them to the border of His holy
to this mountain
which His right hand had gained,
drove out the nations before them,
and caused them to occupy their allotted inheritance,
and made the tribes of Israel dwell in their tents.
they tempted and rebelled against the Most
and did not keep
they turned back and acted treacherously like their fathers.
They became unreliable like a deceitful bow.
with their high places,
and moved Him to jealousy with their carved images.
and He was furious,
and greatly detested and opposed Israel.
He abandoned the
Dwelling Place of Shiloh,
the Tent which
He had set up
gave up the Ark of
His Strength to captivity,
and His glory
to the hand of an adversary.
His people over to the sword,
and was furious with
devoured His young men;
and His maidens
were not praised.
priests fell by the sword;
and their widows could not weep.
Adonai awoke as from sleep,
like a mighty man who shouts because of wine.
back His adversaries;
put on them an everlasting reproach.
also rejected the tent of Joseph,
and did not choose the tribe of Ephraim,
chose the tribe of Judah,
Mount Zion which He
He built His
sanctuary like the heights,
like the earth,
He founded it
and took him from the sheepfolds;
brought him in from tending the ewes and lambs,
to shepherd Jacob
and Israel His
David shepherded them according to the integrity of his heart,
and led them by
His skillful hands. r
O YHWH? Come
bemoans the destruction of Jerusalem, and
beseeches God to destroy Israel’s enemies
A Psalm of
God, the nations have come and invaded
they have defiled
Your holy Temple;
they have turned Jerusalem into ruins.
have given the dead bodies of Your servants
as food to the birds of the heavens,
the flesh of
Your devout, set-apart people
to the beasts of the earth.
have poured out their blood like water all around Jerusalem;
and there is no-one to bury them.
have become an object of reproach to our neighbours,
a scorn and mockery to those around us.
long, O YHWH?
be angry forever?
Your jealousy burn like fire?
6 Pour out Your
wrath upon the nations that do not know
and upon the kingdoms that do not call upon
they have devoured Jacob,
and ruined his dwellings and pasture.
not remember the iniquities of our fathers against us!
Let Your compassion
come quickly to meet us,
for we have been brought very low.
us, O God of our salvation,
for the glory of
Deliver us, and
forgive and cover our sins, for
Your Name’s sake.
should the nations say, ‘Where is their God?”
Let the avenging of the blood of
Your servants which
has been shed,
be known among the nations before our eyes.
the groaning of the prisoner come before You;
according to the
greatness of Your Arm
preserve those who are doomed to die.
return into the bosom of our neighbours sevenfold the reproach
with which they have reproached
You, O Adonai.
we, Your people
and the sheep of
will give thanks to
we will tell of
praise to all generations.
Cause Your Face
to Shine Upon Us,
And We Will Be
against the background of the Assyrian captivity of the
northern tribes of Israel,
this psalm reveals the shock
event had in Jerusalem where the Asaph singers lived.
to Assyria in the north, the people of Judah now cry to God
Shepherd of His sheep, and the Husbandman of His vineyard.
Chief Musician. Set to El Shoshannim, “The Lilies.”
Testimony of Asaph. A Psalm.
ear, O Shepherd of Israel;
You who lead Joseph
like a flock;
You who dwell between the cheribim,
Ephraim, Benjamin, and Manasseh,
Your power, and come
us to turn back to You,
cause Your Face
to shine upon us, and
we will be saved!
YHWH, God of Hosts,
how long will Your
against the prayer of
have fed them with the bread of tears,
and given them tears to drink a third time - in great measure.
have made us a source of strife to our
and our enemies mock us and laugh among themselves.
us back to You,
O God of Hosts;
cause Your Face
to shine upon us, and
we will be saved!
have brought a vine
out of Egypt;
You have driven out
the nations, and planted it.
for the vine,
and it took deep root and filled the land.
were covered with its shade,
and its boughs are like
the mighty cedars of
sent out its boughs to the Sea,
and its shoots to the River.
broken down its hedges,
so that all who pass that way pluck its fruit?
boar out of the forest ravages it,
and a wild beast of the field devours it.
to us, we beseech
You, O God of Hosts;
look down from heaven and see!
Visit and inspect this vine.
the root that Your Right Hand
and the Branch -
the Son - whom
You made strong for Yourself,
burned with fire, it is cut down.
They perish at the rebuke of
Your Hand be upon
the Man at Your Right Hand,
upon the Son of
Man whom You made strong for Yourself.
we will not turn away from You.
Revive us, and we will
call upon Your Name.
us back to You,
O YHWH, God of Hosts;
Cause Your face
to shine upon us, and
we will be saved. r
Would Listen to
relates to the wilderness experiences of Israel,
memorial Feast of Booths.
for praise, remembrance and repentance.
Chief Musician. On an instrument of Gath.
A Psalm of
for joy to God, our Strength;
shout to the God
up a song and sound the timbrel,
and the pleasant harp with the lute.
the trumpet at the time of the New Moon,
at the full moon, on the day of our
this is a
a decree of
the God of Jacob.
in Joseph for a testimony,
throughout the land of Egypt,
where I heard a language that I did not understand.
“I relieved his shoulder of the burden;
his hands were freed from the baskets.
called in distress, and I rescued you;
I answered you in the secret place of thunder;
I proved you at the waters of Meribah.
O My people, and I
will admonish you -
if you will listen to
Me, O Israel!
shall be no strange god among you;
nor shall you worship any foreign god.
I am YHWH your God,
who brought you out of the land of Egypt;
open your mouth wide, and I will fill it.
My people did
not listen to My voice,
and Israel would not submit to
I gave them over to the stubbornness of their heart,
to walk in their own counsels.
that My people
would listen to Me;
Israel would walk in My ways,
would quickly subdue their enemies,
My hand against
who hate YHWH
would cringe before Him,
but their time of punishment would be forever.
But you would be
fed with the finest of wheat;
the Rock I would
satisfy you.” r
O Elohim! Judge
psalm brings condemnation on the unjust judges in God’s assembly.
consider themselves as high and mighty, but they die like all men.
psalm ends with a call for God to judge the earth.
A Psalm of
God stands in the assembly of the mighty;
He judges among
“the gods” – the rulers.
Men, how long will
you judge unjustly,
and show partiality to the wicked?
Defend the poor and fatherless;
to the afflicted and needy.
Rescue the poor and
deliver them from
the hand of the wicked!
do not know, nor do they understand;
they walk about in darkness;
all the foundations of the earth are shaken.
I said, ‘You are gods,
and all of you are sons of
the Most High,
but you die like men,
and fall like one of the princes.’
O Elohim, judge
shall inherit all the nations.
Destroy Your Enemies,
psalm pictures a coalition of enemy nations that conspire to wipe out Israel.
prays for God to deal with them, so that they may know that
alone is the Most High over all the earth.
A Song. A
Psalm of Asaph.
Elohim, do not keep silent!
Do not be quiet,
and do not be still,
For look, Your
enemies are roaring;
and those who hate
You have raised
They craftily plot against
and conspire against
Your hidden, treasured ones.
They have said, ‘Come, and let us destroy them as a
that the name of Israel may be remembered no more.’
For they have conspired together with one mind;
they make a pact against
the tents of Edom and the Ishmailites;
Moab and the Hagarites;
Ammon, and Amalek;
Philistia with the inhabitants of Tyre.
also had joined with them;
they have been a help to the sons of Lot.
with them as with Midian, as with Sisera,
as with Jabin at the Brook Kishon,
perished at Endor,
and became as dung for the earth.
their nobles like Oreb and like Zeeb,
and all their princes like Zebah and Zalmunna,
said, ‘Let us take possession of the pastures
of God for ourselves.’
my God, make them
like the whirling dust,
like stubble before the wind!
a fire burns a forest,
and as a flame sets the mountains on fire,
pursue them with Your tornado,
and terrify them with
their faces with shame,
that they may seek
Your Name, O
them be ashamed and dismayed forever;
yes, let them be humiliated and perish,
they may know that You,
whose Name is
You alone are
the Most High over all the earth. r
The Joy of Dwelling in the
House of YHWH
a song of a pilgrim who expresses his passion for God’s House,
praises Yahweh Elohim who gives grace and glory.
Chief Musician. On an instrument of Gath.
A Psalm of
the sons of Korah.
lovely are Your dwelling places,
O YHWH of Hosts!
soul yearns, yes, it is even consumed
courts of YHWH.
My heart and my flesh cry out for
the living God.
the sparrow has found a home,
and the swallow a nest for herself,
where she may have her young -
Your altars, O YHWH of Hosts,
my King and my God.
are those who dwell in Your House;
they are ever praising
is the man who strength is in You;
are in their heart.
Passing through the Valley of Baca (of Weeping),
they make it a fountain - a place of springs.
The early rain also covers it with blessings.
go from strength to strength;
God in Zion.
YHWH God of Hosts, hear my prayer;
give ear, O Elohim
of Jacob! Selah.
God, see our shield,
and look upon the face
of Your anointed.
a day in Your courts
is better than a
I would rather be a doorkeeper standing
at the threshold of the
House of my God,
than to dwell in the
tents of wickedness.
YHWH God is a Sun and Shield;
He withholds no good thing
from those who walk uprightly.
YHWH of Hosts,
blessed is the man who trusts in
Restore and Revive Us,
a time of national setback, the psalm recalls the deeds of God
past, and pleads for revival and restoration in the present distress.
brings reassurance concerning deliverance and blessing in the future.
Chief Musician. A Psalm of the sons of Korah.
1 O YHWH, You
have been favorable to
You have turned
back the captivity of Jacob.
have forgiven the iniquity of
have covered all their sin.
have taken away all Your wrath;
You have turned from the fierceness of
back and restore
us, O God of our
and cause Your anger
toward us to cease.
You be enraged
with us for ever?
anger to all generations?
You not return and
that Your people
may rejoice in You?
us Your lovingkindness,
and grant us Your
will hear what God, YHWH,
to His people
and to His devout,
but let them not turn again to folly!
is near to those who stand in awe of
may dwell in our land.
peace have kissed.
springs forth from the earth,
looks down from heaven.
YHWH gives what
and our land yields its increase.
goes before Him,
and prepares a way for
His footsteps. r
God is Merciful and Gracious,
Slow to Anger and
Lovingkindness and Truth
praises the Sovereign Master, giving thanks for
abundant lovingkindness; and prays for deliverance and grace.
the only psalm of David in Book 3.
Your ear, O YHWH;
hear me, for I am poor and needy.
my life, for I am devoted and set apart;
You who are
save Your servant
who is trusting in
merciful to me,
for I cry to You
all day long.
the soul of Your servant
for to You,
O Sovereign Master,
I lift up my soul.
are good, and
ready to forgive,
and great in
kindness to all those who call upon
ear, O YHWH,
to my prayer,
and listen to the voice of my pleadings.
the day of my distress I call upon You,
for You answer me.
the gods there is none like You,
nor are there any works like
nations whom You have made
will come and
You, O Sovereign Master,
are doing wonders;
You are God, You alone.
me Your way, O YHWH;
I will walk in Your
Give me an undivided heart, that I may stand in awe of
will give thanks to You, O Adonai my God,
with all my heart,
I will glorify
Your Name for
great is Your kindness
have delivered my soul from the depths of Sheol - the
God, the proud have risen against me,
and a band of violent men have sought my life,
and they have not set
You, O Adonai,
are a gracious God, full of compassion,
slow to anger and abundant in kindness and truth.
to me, and be gracious
Your strength to
the son of Your
me a sign for good,
that those who hate me may see it and be ashamed,
You, O YHWH, have
helped me and comforted me. r
Glorious Zion, the City of God
a song of Zion, the City of God that Yahweh loves and establishes.
A Psalm of
the sons of Korah. A Song.
in the holy
loves the gates of
more than all the dwellings of Jacob.
things are spoken of you,
O City of God! Selah.
mention Rahab and Babylon among those who know me.
See, Philistia and Tyre, with Kush (Ethiopia) are saying:
‘This man was born there’.”
of Zion it
will be said,
“This one and that one were born in her;
and Elyon, the Most
High Himself establishes her.”
records in the register of the peoples:
“This one was born there.”
the singers and instrumentalists say,
‘All my springs of life and joy are in you.’
Save Me From the Pit!
saddest of psalms, the writer is overwhelmed by discouragement
of troubles, loneliness, and seemingly, rejection by God.
A Song. A
Psalm of the sons of Korah.
Chief Musician. Set to Mahalath Leannoth.
of Heman the Ezralite.
YHWH, God of
I have cried out by day and night before
my prayer come before You;
incline Your ear
to my cry!
my soul has been filled with troubles,
and my life has drawn near to Sheol.
am reckoned among those who go down to the pit;
I have become like a man without strength,
among the dead,
like the slain ones lying in the grave,
have remembered no more,
and who have been cut off from
have put me in the lowest pit,
in dark places, in the depths.
wrath has rested heavily upon me,
have afflicted me with all
have removed my acquaintances far from me;
You have made me repulsive to them;
I am shut up and cannot go out.
eye grows dim because of affliction;
I have called upon
You, YHWH, all day
I have spread out my hands to
wonders for the dead?
Will the dead rise and praise
be declared in the grave,
faithfulness in the place of destruction?
Your wonders known
in the dark?
righteousness in the land of forgetfulness?
I have cried out to You, O YHWH,
and in the morning my prayer comes before
YHWH, why do You reject my soul?
You hide Your
Face from me?
have been afflicted and dying from my youth on;
I have suffered
I am distraught and pine away.
fierce wrath has swept over me;
have destroyed me.
have surrounded me like water all day long;
they have completely engulfed me.
have removed loved ones and friends far from me;
the darkness is my acquaintance.
And Israel’s Afflictions.
psalm, the writer recites the covenant of God with David,
exalts Yahweh who is absolutely incomparable.
rehearsing the Davidic covenant in poetic form (19-37),
psalmist argues that God had spurned His covenant
brought about the present King’s humiliating defeat.
petitions God to remember His covenant.
final palm of Book 3 ends with “Blessed be Yahweh forever.”
of Ethan the Ezrahite.
will sing of the lovingkindness of YHWH
with my mouth I will make known
to all generations.
I have said, ‘Lovingkindness
is be built up forever;
Your faithfulness in the heavens.’
have said, “I have made a covenant with
I have sworn to David My servant:
will establish your seed - your line -
and build up
to all generations’.”
heavens praise Your wonders, O YHWH;
also, in the assembly of the holy ones.
who in the skies is comparable to YHWH?
Who among the
sons of the mighty is like YHWH?
is greatly feared in the council of
the holy ones,
above all those who are around
YHWH, God of Hosts,
who is a mighty One like
is all around You.
surging of the sea;
when its waves rise,
You still them.
have crushed Rahab as one who is slain;
scattered Your enemies with Your mighty Arm.
heavens are Yours, the earth also is Yours;
the world and all that fills it.
You have founded them.
the north and the south;
Tabor and Hermon sing for joy at
have a mighty Arm;
Your Hand is strong, Your Right Hand is exalted.
are the foundation of
go before You.
blessed are the people who know the joyful sound!
O YHWH, they walk
in the light of Your Countenance.
all day long,
and by Your
righteousness they are exalted.
You are the glory
of their strength,
Your favour our
horn is exalted.
our shield belongs to YHWH,
and our king to the
Holy One of Israel.
You spoke in
a vision to Your holy one,
have given help to one who is mighty;
I have exalted
one chosen from the people.
have found David My servant;
with My holy oil
I have anointed him,
whom My Hand
My Arm also
enemy will not deceive him,
nor the son of wickedness afflict him.
I shall crush his adversaries before him,
and plague those who hate him.
My faithfulness and
are with him,
his horn is exalted.
will also set his hand on the sea,
and his right hand over the rivers.
will cry to Me, ‘You
and the Rock of my
also make him My
the highest of the kings of the earth.
will maintain My lovingkindness
for him forever,
My covenant with him will be steadfast,
I will establish his descendants forever,
and his throne as the days of heaven.
his sons forsake My torah -
and do not walk in
they violate My laws,
and do not keep My
I will punish their transgression with the rod,
and their iniquity with stripes.
I will not break off My lovingkindness
nor deal falsely in
will not violate My covenant,
nor will I change what has gone out from
I have sworn by My holiness;
I will not lie to David.
descendants shall be forever,
as the sun before
the moon, it is established forever,
and the witness in the sky is steadfast.’
cast off and rejected,
You have been
very angry with Your anointed.
have disowned the
covenant of Your servant;
You have defiled
his crown by casting it to the ground.
have broken down all his hedges;
You have reduced
his strongholds to ruins.
who pass by the way plunder him;
he has become a reproach to his neighbours.
have exalted the right hand of his adversaries;
You have made all
his enemies rejoice.
You turn back the
edge of his sword,
and have not made him stand in battle.
have made his splendour to cease,
and cast his throne to the ground.
have shortened the days of his youth;
You have covered
him with shame. Selah.
long, O YHWH?
burn like fire?
remember what my span of life is;
You have created all
the sons of men in vain?
man can live and not see death?
Can he deliver his soul from the power of Sheol?
Your former lovingkindnesses,
swore to David in
O Sovereign Master,
the reproach of Your servants;
that I have borne in my bosom -
the reproach of
all the many peoples,
enemies have reproached, O YHWH,
with which they have reproached the footsteps
forever! Amen and Amen. r
PSALMS BOOK THREE