ABOVE ALL NAMES
“Oh magnify the
LORD with me,
And let us exalt
His Name together.”
PART ONE. The Name Above All Names
The Name I Love
What is Our Father’s Name?
The Sacred Name
Where Did Jehovah Come From?
Isn’t “Father” Enough?
Why the Substitution?
Conspiracy Against the Name
11 What is
His Son’s Name?
About the Name Immanuel?
What of the Word, Messiah?
is a transliteration of Y’shua
17 Why has
the Name Changed so Much?
Tamil, Malayalam, Marathi
Confuse the People?
in the New Testament
for the Name
The Original Hebrew Names &
Titles of God
El, Elah, Eloah, Elohim, El Elyon,
“Yah” and “El” in Hebrew Names
THE NAME I LOVE
By DON E
There is a Name
I love to hear,
I love to speak
It sounds like
music in my ear,
Name on earth.
“Therefore (because He stooped
so low), God exalted Him to the highest place, and gave Him THE NAME
THAT IS ABOVE EVERY NAME that at the Name of Y’shua every knee should
bow - in heaven and on earth and under the earth - and every tongue
confess that Y’shua the Messiah is Lord (the Heavenly Master), to
the glory of YHWH, God the Father.”
THE NAME I dearly love – the Name
I love more than any other name, is not my own name, it is not my wife’s
name, nor my son’s name. It’s not the name of a friend, or someone whom
I greatly admire. It is the Name of my FATHER
- my HEAVENLY FATHER. And my Father’s
Name is also included in the Name of His beloved Son - my
SAVIOUR - a fact that gives the Son’s
Name such a significant meaning, and such sweet fragrance.
Many believers have discovered the
real, authentic Name of the Heavenly Father. Of course, it has always
been there - but it has been long neglected or covered up.
Personally, in discovering the
original, revealed Name, I have come to understand in a new and deeper
way, the unity of the Father’s Name and the Son’s Name. With that
discovery, there has come also a deep love - a love that makes me want
to tell everyone about that wonderful Name. In the words of my Saviour .
WILL DECLARE YOUR NAME TO MY BRETHREN,
MIDST OF THE CONGREGATION
SING YOUR PRAISE.”
For years I was content to call my
Father and my Saviour by the various accepted English titles and
substitutes - God, Jehovah, Jesus, Lord, Christ. Then I discovered that
these are not the ORIGINAL NAMES of the
Father and the Son. God, Lord and Christ, are, in fact, descriptive
TITLES, and they are titles that need to
be defined, for in the world there are “gods many,” and “lords many” -
and especially these days, there are many “Christs.”
8:5. Matthew 24:5)
Christians insist rightly, of
course, that there is only one true Lord; there’s only one true God -
the Almighty. But other religions also use the terms “Lord”, “God”, and
“Almighty” in referring to their gods. Therefore we must define what we
mean when using these terms - not for our own sake, merely, but for the
Truth’s sake. Indeed, the eternal destiny of many, depends upon it - the
Normally we describe the
attributes of the One we believe to be
“The Lord”; and in so doing, we usually fail to mention
His Name. Some even feel that the
Almighty God is too big to have a Name, and that it is quite sufficient
to refer to Him simply as “God,” “Lord,” or “Lord God.”
In the Preface to its 1973
edition, the Revised Standard Version (1946), expresses this idea when
it comments on the Name of God: “(1) the word ‘Jehovah’ does not
accurately represent any form of the Name ever used in Hebrew; and, (2)
the use of any proper name for the one and only God, as though there
were other gods from whom He had to be distinguished, was discontinued
in Judaism before the Christian era, and it is entirely inappropriate
for the universal faith of the Christian Church.”
Point one is true. “Jehovah” is
not a correct form of God’s Name. Point two however, is not true!
The ancient Hebrews, several
hundred years before Messiah came, began to refrain from speaking the
Name out of extreme reverence for the Name. They used the words
Adonai (Lord), or Ha Shem (the Name), in its place. But
the Name was WRITTEN, and still is, in
the Hebrew Bible. And to maintain that it is inappropriate for God to
have a Name in the Christian Church, is absurd! There is not one man on
earth who does not have a name. And if there is not a single known
species of insect that does not have a name, why should God not have a
Name? And certainly the true God MUST be distinguished from the
multiplicity of so-called gods. They are false, of course, but to the
peoples of the nations they are real. Hindi gods are also referred to as
God with a capital G.
It is because of the
“God-is-too-big-for-a-Name” attitude that many Christians have
defaulted, and settled for using the titles “Lord” and “God” as
substitutes for His real Name. It’s like saying, about a human father,
“Oh, I’m not sure what my father’s name is. I just call him ‘Daddy’.”
Our Heavenly Father DOES have a
Name - a Name of which He Himself has declared, “This is My Name
forever.” That Name is written in the Hebrew Bible 6,855 times. But the
Christian Church has largely been robbed of the Name.
IS OUR FATHER’S NAME?
In the Book of Proverbs we read
this provoking question:
“Who has ascended into heaven and
Who has gathered the wind in His
Who has wrapped the waters in His
Who has established all the ends
of the earth?
What is His Name,
or His Son’s Name?
Surely you know!”
Yes, surely all Christians know
their Father’s Name! They pray often enough, “Hallowed be Thy Name.”
They sing, “Glorify Thy Name in all the earth,” and often claim they are
willing to live or die for His NAME. But
what that Name is, they are not quite sure.
I once asked a Pastor, “What is
your Heavenly Father’s Name?” He thought for some time, and shook his
head . . . and then suddenly he said, “Oh, you mean Jehovah?” He
was not quite sure if that was an appropriate answer.
Some will say, “Well, God and the
Son, between them, have more than 300 titles or names. So why should we
emphasize one particular name?”
Another pastor I asked, said, “Why
break your head about God’s Name? The Bible tells you clearly in Psalm
83:18, ‘That they may know that Thou alone, whose name is the LORD, art
the Most High over all the earth.’ And it is also in Isaiah 42:8: ‘I am
the LORD, that is My Name’.”
I asked him, “Why is
LORD in these verses spelt with
CAPITAL letters?” He replied, “It’s
because the Name LORD is very important.”
“Well, His Name is indeed very
important,” I replied, “but LORD is not
His Name. The reason why LORD is spelt
with capitals in most English Bibles, is because it is to indicate that
‘LORD’ is a
substitution for the actual, original Hebrew Name.” (You can
check that out in the Forward of most English Bibles.)
Another verse of the Bible (AV)
says, “Holy and Reverend is His Name.”
And yet I have never heard anyone addressing the Father as “Reverend.”
Have you? Yet another verse says His Name is “Jealous.”
34:14). But these are
descriptive titles - not His actual Name.
THE SACRED NAME
The Name we are talking about has
not been created by people. It has been revealed by the Most High
Himself. It is a Name conveyed in Hebrew, but it is a
Name above all languages.
Jehovah’s Witnesses are quick to
tell you that they are the only people who are called by God’s Name.
Mistakenly they have fiercely embraced “Jehovah” - a false rendition of
Yes, it’s true, the King James
Bible uses the word Jehovah eight times. And the American Standard Bible
of 1901 used Jehovah thousands of times, throughout the Old Testament,
as also did the 1890 JN Darby translation. But the New American
Standard, the New English Bible, the New King James Bible, and the New
International Bible, totally reject the word
Jehovah. (I am not inferring that the four NEW translations are
necessarily more correct than the earlier versions. But they are correct
in rejecting ‘Jehovah’ as a correct form of God’s Name).
Earlier I quoted from the RSV
preface, which says Jehovah does not accurately
represent the Name used in Hebrew.
A quote, from “A Dispensational
Theology”, by Charles F Baker
College Publications, Grand Rapids, USA),
“Most lexicons prefer the English transliteration, Yahweh, as a more
accurate rendering than Jehovah.”
From where then did the word
Jehovah come? It is said to be derived from the actual Name which
is used in the Hebrew Bible. That is partly true. It’s actually a hybrid
(mixed) word. I’ll explain this shortly. First let us check out
WHAT IS THE REAL NAME?
The Name is used 6,855 times in
the Hebrew Bible, and it is written as:
This word is comprised of four
consonants, which transliterate into the Roman/English alphabet as . . .
And because the Hebrew “v” in the
middle of a word is pronounced as “w”, the four consonants are usually
In early Hebrew writing, vowels
were not written; and therefore many have believed the word cannot be
pronounced. That is not so. The Name could be,
and was, pronounced. Moses proclaimed
that Name to the people of Israel in Egypt, as commanded by the LORD.
And our Saviour proclaimed that Name to His disciples: “I have made Your
Name known to them.”
Let’s turn to Exodus, to the
record of Moses and the Burning Bush. You will remember how God spoke to
Moses out of the bush, and commissioned him to go to Pharaoh and secure
the release of the Hebrew nation:
“Then Moses said to God, “Behold,
when I come to the sons of Israel, and say to them, ‘The God of your
fathers has sent me to you,’ and they say to me, ‘What is His name?’
What shall I say to them?”
And God said to Moses, “I
AM WHO I AM”; and He said, “This is what you shall say to the
sons of Israel, ‘I AM has sent me to you’.”
And God also said to Moses, “Thus
shall you say to the sons of Israel, ‘The LORD
(YHWH), the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of
Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has sent me to you. This is My Name
forever, and this is MY MEMORIAL NAME TO ALL
GENERATIONS (by this Name I am to be remembered from generation
Verse 14 seems to suggest that
God’s Name is ‘I AM.’ And we do right to
include ‘I AM’ in the long list of God’s attributes. But ‘I AM’ is not
actually His Name. The expression ‘I AM WHO I
AM’ (“ehyeh asher ehyeh” in Hebrew), has also been
translated “I WILL BE WHAT I WILL BE,”
and it implies the eternal, independent existence of the Most High.
When God said, “Say I AM sent
you,” He was declaring that He is the eternal, self-existent One.” But
after these two “I AM” expressions,
the actual Name YHWH is revealed. (verse
In most English Bibles the Name is
written as LORD. (Remember, LORD is written in capitals to indicate that
it is a substitution for YHWH). Verse 15 should actually read;
“You shall say to the sons of
Israel, ‘YHWH, the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of
Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has sent me to you.’ This is My name
forever, and this is My Memorial-Name to all generations.”
There are several Hebrew verbs
which mean “to be, to become, to exist” - HAWA, HAYAH and HAVAH. Another
close word is HAYAH, meaning “to
live”. These words also give an indication of the meaning of YHWH - the
One who eternally exists. (H
is a guttural h sound. It is often written as Ch, or Kh).
A footnote in The Tanakh, an
English translation of the Old Testament by the Jewish Publishing House,
New York, says YHWH is derived from the word “hayah.” The Theological
Wordbook of the Old Testament” (Harris, Archer and Waltke, 1980, Moody
Press, Chicago) says the Name may be derived from “hawa” an older form
and rare synonym of “hayah.”
Notice the endings of these four
Hebrew verbs, haYAH, haVAH, haWA and haYAH. YAH and VAH/WAH are
believed, by some researchers, to be the syllables that are combined to
form the Name, YHWH - YAHWAH or
There has been much research and
debate, by both Jews and Christians, on the Name and its origin. The
etymology (root) of the Name, however, has not been conclusively proven.
Most modern Bible notes and commentaries refer to YHWH, the sacred
Memorial Name, as YAHWEH. They believe
this is correct, but most seem reluctant to use the Name extensively, as
it was used in the original Hebrew Bible. One reason may be that to do
so would mean undoing the mistake of centuries and totally rejecting the
word “Jehovah.” And that would offend many who still highly regard the
hybrid word. But the time has come for believers who love truth, to
prayerfully consider the sacred Name. Let us do so sincerely and
This may all seem very
complicated, and mysterious. And, of course, there should be something
very profound about the Name of the Most High. It certainly is the most
HOLY Name in Heaven or on Earth. But actually, the Sacred Name is one of
the simplest words to speak. Even a baby would quickly speak the word if
it were taught. I believe God has deliberately made
His Name simple
and easy to pronounce -
All my readers will recognise, I
believe, the first syllable of the holy Name -
YAH. This is used in the word hallelujah - which should, of
course, be written halleluYah, and
pronounced hallelu-Yah. No one pronounces the word with a ‘jah’ on the
end. Many people pronounce it as halleluyaa (especially in songs). But
it is not a long yaa; it’s a short yah.
Test yourself. How do you pronounce hallelujah - in speaking, and in
is the short form of our Father’s Name. It is used 49 times in the Old
Testament, but most English Bibles substitute Yah also with LORD. The
old King James Bible, in one of the 49 references (yes, only one), uses
the Name Yah, but prints it as Jah:
“Sing unto God, sing praises to
His Name: extol Him who rides upon the heavens by His Name
JAH, and rejoice before Him.”
The New King James Bible correctly
transliterates the Name as YAH. But neither of the versions are
consistent. If Jah is correct once, then why not use it in all 49
places? If Yah is correct, then why not use it consistently in all the
The Hebrew word YAH is used, for
example, in Exodus 15:2, but both old and new King James versions, and
most English translations, simply use the word LORD (capitals indicating
“I will sing to the LORD,
For He has triumphed gloriously!
The hose and its rider He has
thrown into the sea!”
The correct translation is, “I
will sing to Yah . . .”
“YAH” is precious and sacred,
being a component of Yahweh. It is the short form of our Father’s Name.
HalleluYah, by the way, does not mean “Praise the Lord.” It means
“Praise Yah.” So whenever you sing or speak “halleluYah”, remember, you
are uttering the short form of the sacred, memorial Name of your
Heavenly Father. Use the word, by all means, but use it reverently.
“Hallowed be Your Name.”
Some time ago I was encouraged by
a report that said a fellowship in Jerusalem had a powerful visitation
of the Holy Spirit recently. The verse that brought a great awareness of
God’s Presence was the verse quoted above -
Here is a more correct, modern version:
“Sing to God, sing praises to His
Extol Him who rides upon the
heavens - His Name is YAH -
and rejoice before Him.”
A deep and new awareness of the
significance of the Name Yah came upon
that fellowship, and thereafter they began emphasising this short form
The missionaries who gave me the
report also mentioned that this short form, Yah, is now being spoken in
some Jewish synagogues.
WHERE DID “JEHOVAH” COME FROM?
“Jehovah” is supposed to be a
transliteration of YHVH. No! Jehovah is not a correct transliteration of
the Hebrew word. It is a hybrid, crossed word. The Jews were only partly
responsible for its creation. As explained earlier, they ceased speaking
the Name, even though YHWH was still used in the text. They spoke the
word Adonai (Lord) instead; but they dared not remove the Name YHWH from
Originally, Hebrew writing did not
have vowels indicated. But the Masorites, about the 9th century
A.D., began to use vowel signs. In the Scriptures they marked the word
YHVH with the vowels of the word Adonai - not to create a new word, but
to indicate that Adonai was to be spoken. They were certainly not
seeking to make a vocalised word to use instead of Yahweh. They already
had the substitute word - Adonai.
The anglicized word ‘Jehovah’ was
created in the 16th century, by Christians who read
the consonants YHVH which now contained the vowels of Adonai, and
mistakenly believed the word was Yehovah. This became Jehovah when J was
added to the English alphabet. Thereafter the word gained wide
acceptance. It was quite popular in the 19th century, being used widely
by Bible scholars including J N Darby. But now the mistake has been
recognised, and the word Jehovah is being largely rejected.
The question comes up then; Why
did the great Bible scholars of the last century continue to use the
hybrid word Jehovah? Surely they could see that it was not correct!
The answer, I believe, is that
reformation comes step by step. And when certain truths are being
discovered, other important truths are often overlooked. While Luther
was discovering Justification by Faith, he could not see the truth of
the Rapture, or the fact that Israel would be saved - even though both
are quite clear in Scripture.
While John Wesley was powerfully
preaching the new birth and sanctification, he could not see any need
for believers’ baptism. While Calvin was writing on the Sovereignty of
God, he could not see any particular need to emphasize the filling of
the Holy Spirit. And while the early Brethren were discovering what the
true church was, and the priesthood of all believers, they did not see
any need to make a fuss about the accurate, original Name of YHWH.
Today we have the privilege of
building on the many doctrines discovered or emphasized by the various
reformers and by later scholars of the Word. We are able to prayerfully
compare reformed doctrines with the Word, and to cleave to what is good
and Scriptural, and abhor what is evil or false.
And that is what I ask my
readers to do concerning this subject of the revealed, original Names of
ISN’T “FATHER” ENOUGH?
Some believers have said to me,
“But when we address our Father, we don’t call Him by His personal Name.
We just call Him, Father.”
Well, I’m glad they admit that the
Almighty does have a personal Name. But what they are really meaning, I
feel, is, “Let’s not speak His Name - in case we’ve got it wrong.”
(Strange! When ‘Jehovah’ was an accepted Name, there was no problem in
using it. But the hesitation arises when we come to the authentic Name).
Yes, we call Him, “Our Father.”
Our Saviour taught us to pray, “Our Father, You who are in
heaven; hallowed be Your Name.” But we should
know His Name, and we should be able to explain to another
person, who our Father is; what His Name is; and what it means. The
Messiah Jesus did!
We do need to teach the holy Name
- the One used 6,855 times in the Old Testament. And we need to teach
deep reverence for that sacred Name.
Orthodox Jews believe that only
Messiah will be able to accurately pronounce the Name. That may be so.
But there is a precious prophecy that says:
MY PEOPLE SHALL KNOW MY
therefore in that day they will
know that it is ‘I AM’ who is speaking.
Yes, it is I!” (Isaiah
Here again the Name YHWH is
related to the eternal existence of the Great I AM. So the pronunciation
should be close to that of the verbs “to be, to become, to live, to
The New American Standard Bible
says in its preface: “It is known that for many years YHWH has been
transliterated as Yahweh. No complete certainty attaches to this
There is no problem for most of us
in pronouncing the first syllable, YH. This is spelt and pronounced Yah,
as in the word “halleluYah.” So we are accustomed to this usage, at
least. It is the second syllable, WH, that presents some
uncertainty. Is the vowel a or
e? Is the syllable vah, wah, or weh?
This uncertainty is because the
etymology (root) of the word is not absolutely clear. The Name is
believed to be derived from the verbs “hawa”, “havah” (to be, become),
and “hayah” (to live, to have life). But the Theological Wordbook of the
Old Testament suggests that YHWH may not actually be derived from
“hawa,” but could be from an old word of unknown origin, which sounded
something like what the verb “hawa” sounded in Moses’ day.
The pronunciation and even the
writing has changed at different periods. At the end of the O.T. period,
it was written YHW and read as Yahu or
Yaho as in names like Shemayahu or
Yahozadek. But these are clearly abbreviated forms.
The Theological Wordbook of the
Old Testament (Moody Press) says, “There is a problem with the
pronunciation “Yahweh.” It is a strange combination of old and late
elements . . . the ‘w’ of Yahweh represents a pre-mosaic
pronunciation, but the final ‘eh’ represents probably a post-Davidic
form.” (page 210 under “hawa.”)
So there is a little uncertainty
with “Yahweh.” Another possible pronunciation is Yahwah. This is very
close to the verbs to be, to live, and it is considered by some
researchers, to be the closest we might come to the correct
pronunciation, at this time. But Yahweh is the most generally-accepted
English spelling of the Name.
The second syllable, I believe, is
a short, soft, WEH. From my research on
the Name, I have come to believe the Name YHWH is pronounced
YAH-WEH - not Yahwear, Yahway, or
Yahvar, or Yahwaar.
If we are incorrect on the
pronunciation, our Father will reveal it in due time. In the meantime,
we need not make a big issue of whether the Name is Yahweh or Yahwah.
Both are genuine attempts to transcribe the original, sacred Name into
Roman/English letters. (It is very much like trying to decide which is
more correct - Immanuel or Emmanuel).
From this point on, I will be
using the letters YHWH in any Bible quotations where the Name is used
(as in the Hebrew Bible). Elsewhere I will be referring to Yahweh (YHWH
with the vowels added), to emphasize that the Name can, and may, be
WHY THE SUBSTITUTION?
The Name Yahweh is used 6,855
times in the Hebrew Bible, and yet in most English Bibles, it is
rendered simply as LORD. Why this consistent substitution? Is there
something wrong with the original Name? No! Is there some command that
we must not pronounce the Name? No! Is it because the Name only fits
into the Hebrew language? No!
The reason for the virtual
elimination of the Father’s authentic Name was, FEAR and TRADITION.
The Jews in late Old Testament
times developed an extreme reverential fear of pronouncing the Name, for
the Third Commandment forbade the taking of the Name of Yahweh in vain
20:7). And in Leviticus we
“And you shall not swear by My
Name falsely, so as to profane the Name of your God;
I am YHWH .... nor shall you profane
the Name of your God; I am YHWH.”
(Leviticus 19:12. 18:21)
There was an automatic death
penalty upon anyone profaning the Name of Yahweh. (There is a case
24:11-23 of a man who was
stoned to death for blaspheming the Name). But none of these commands
forbade the speaking of the Name. On the contrary, the Jews were to
swear by the Name of Yahweh
6:13; 10:20). But to swear
(to take an oath) by that Name FALSELY,
was the most wicked form of taking His Name in vain.
The Name of Yahweh was not even to
be taken lightly, or carelessly. It was to be spoken reverently. But the
Jews, after the time of David, fearing that they might inadvertently
profane His Name, referred to the Almighty, the God of Israel, by the
title Adonai (Lord), or
Ha Shem (The Name).
Adonai is used hundreds of times
in the Old Testament, and it is translated in the English Bibles as Lord
(but not in all capitals).
When the Hebrew Scriptures were
read by the Jews, the word YHWH was
rendered as ADONAI. Thus the Name Yahweh was eliminated from
spoken Hebrew. But in writing it was
In the second century B.C., the
Old Testament was translated into Greek for the sake of the Jews living
in Alexandria (Egypt) and elsewhere in the Greek world. But instead of
transliterating YHWH into the Greek alphabet, the translators decided to
write the sacred Name in Hebrew letters.
For Greeks, of course, those
letters were unpronounceable, and in fact, were a puzzle to them. Not
even the Jews would tell them how to pronounce it. And as the Jews were
using the substitute, Adonai, it seemed perfectly legitimate to use the
Greek word kurios - a translation of Adonai – to replace
YHWH. In the same way, the word ‘Lord’, a translation of both kurios
and adonai, has long since been adopted in the English world.
Thus the “Name” of God became fixed as Adonai, Kurios,
Lord, Prabhu, and “Lord” in whatever language was written or spoken.
(We do not object to a translation
of TITLES, such as Adonai. But we should object to any change or
elimination of the original Name.)
The Jews today still call God by
the title of Adonai, as though it were His Name. English-speaking
Christians, likewise refer to the Almighty as God or Lord, as though
they were His original memorial Names.
The Jews, however, do know that
God does have an actual Name. They refer to it as HA SHEM - “The Name” -
the Name they do not pronounce. (But they dare not change the letters
YHWH in the Hebrew Bible. To do so would be to “take away My Name”; and
that would be the equivalent of blasphemy.)
Orthodox Jews today will not even
pronounce the word GOD in English. They write it as G-D. This is of
course, a mistaken practice.
Many Christians, because of lack
of clear teaching on the Name, often respond, “Oh, I thought “God”
was His Name.” No! God is not our
Father’s Name. It is a title for who He is.
There are several words used in
Hebrew, which are translated “God,” “god,” or “gods” - el, elah,
eloah, and elohim (the last being plural form). Each of these
words are used to refer to the God of Israel, the Almighty, but they are
also used to refer to the gods of the nations, in the same way as
God/god/gods are used in English.
That seems very strange, doesn’t
it? But it underscores the fact that “God” is not a Name, even though we
may spell it with a capital G. “God” or “god” basically means, “an
object of worship.”
In English, since the
establishment of Christianity, “God” with a capital G has come to mean
the Almighty, our Creator and Redeemer. It has become established in our
minds and concepts as such. We use “God” as an equivalent of “El
Shaddai” - the Hebrew expression meaning God Almighty.
This title, El Shaddai, is
Exodus 6:2-3. The New
American Standard reads:
“God spoke further to Moses and
said to him, ‘I am the LORD; and I appeared to Abraham, Isaac, and
Jacob, as God Almighty, but by My name, LORD, I did not make Myself
known to them.”
That does not make too much sense.
It sounds like “Lord” was an unknown, secret Name. The word Adonai is
not once used in the verse. Using the original Names, and a more correct
translation, we can understand this passage more clearly:
“Elohim spoke further to Moses and
said to him, ‘I am YHWH; and I appeared to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, as
El Shaddai, and by My Name, YHWH, did I not make Myself known to them’?”
To the Bible believer, “God” means
El Shaddai. But to non-believers, and to people of the many religions of
the world, “God” can mean anything from “a mouse” to “the Universe.” It
depends on one’s concept. It is anything that is worshipped; or
alternatively, it can be “The Force,” which does not need to be
worshipped. The New Age Movement, for example, says “God is the sum
total of all that exists.” That is not
our BIBLE definition!
Eastern religions say, “God is
One. Call him/her by any name, and he/she will still be the same.”
That is not my belief! My God, my
Father is the Almighty Creator, and the Source of all life and
intelligence. And He has a personal Name - a Name which He Himself
has revealed –
- YHWH/Yahweh, the Great I AM,
the eternally self-existent One,
the One who was, and is, and is to come, the Beginning and the Ending.
He is the Most High. He is the Light, the Life, the Truth. He is
Holiness, He is Love, He is Righteousness. And He has several hundred
titles which describe His attributes.
But He is not “X Y Z” (anything
you like to imagine, or call Him)! He is what He has revealed - and
indeed, much more. He is indeed, far more than we can presently
comprehend. But for all that has been revealed, and for the grace and
ability to understand that revelation, we can reverently proclaim -
THE CONSPIRACY AGAINST THE NAME
In Jeremiah 23 we read that Yahweh
had a controversy with certain prophets concerning His Name. Through
Jeremiah, El Shaddai declared:
“‘Can anyone hide himself in
secret places, so that I cannot see him?’ declares YHWH. ‘Do I not fill
the heavens and the earth?’ declares YHWH.
‘I have heard what the prophets
have said who prophesy falsely in My Name, saying, “I had a dream, I had
‘How long will this continue in
the hearts of the prophets who prophesy falsehood, and who are prophets
of deception and of the delusion of their own minds; who
TRY TO MAKE MY PEOPLE FORGET MY NAME
by their dreams which they relate to one another, just as
THEIR FATHERS FORGOT MY NAME BECAUSE OF
The false prophets were subtly and
deliberately eliminating the Name of Yahweh and all it stood for.
Already the practice of substituting Adonai for YHWH had been
established, and now the false prophets were equating Adonai with Baal.
Eliminate the genuine Name and
soon anything can be used in its place. This is what is happening in
“the church” today, where the Name of Yahweh has been eliminated, and
where the very general titles - God and Lord - are used as though they
were the Names of the Almighty. Now, tragically, “God” and “Lord” are
being equated with “Siva,” “Buddha,” and “Allah.” This is now happening
in parts of the church in India.
There is indeed an age-long
satanic conspiracy to eliminate the Name of Yahweh, and the Name of His
Son, our Saviour. Satan cannot destroy the Name, but he has succeeded in
persuading God’s people to forget the Name. By encouraging the use of
variants and substitutions, he causes the original Names to be
forgotten. And just as the Name of the Father has been forgotten, the
original Name of the Son, our Saviour, has been forgotten.
WHAT IS HIS SON’S NAME?
I ask different Christians, “What
is your Saviour’s Name?” One says ‘Jesus,’ another says ‘Yesu.’ A third
says Jisu, while others say Isua, Isa, Yeshu, Yeshua, Yahshua, Yisu,
Iesous, Jesu, and even Jeezis.
Strange, isn’t it? Why all the
variations? Sounds like the translators were not quite sure what His
Name really was, and that they did not have any original manuscript to
examine. What is the correct form?
Somebody says, “It doesn’t matter
- they are all translations of the original Name.”
So I ask, “What right do you have
to translate the Name?” A name should be the same in ALL languages.
Isn’t George Bush, George Bush in all languages? You don’t call him
George Bushes in French, Gorj Bushanoffski in Russia, or Georgeous Shrub
Some of my readers ask, “Does it
really matter? They are just different spellings in different
Well, my dear reader, YOUR name is
important to YOU, isn’t it? And if I spell your name wrong on your
address label, you notice it; and if you are like most everyone else in
the world, you don’t like it spelt wrong. Myself included! For one
reason, important letters, if mispelt, may go astray. Recently I
received two letters, one addressed to Don Estantoni, and the other one
to Done Station. The first expression makes me feel like a Spaniard with
Italian blood (which I’m not); and the second name makes me feel like a
dilapidated railway platform. I laughed. But actually, down inside me, I
was not amused!
A name is a NAME. And if our own
names are important to each one of us, and if we don’t like our names
being changed, why should we say, “it hardly matters” when it comes to
the divine Names?
The original form of a name is the
You ask, “What then, is the
original Name of our Saviour?”
The Name of the Saviour is the
Name that the Father has given Him; the Name which Joseph was told to
“And she will give birth to a Son;
and you shall call His name Y’shua,
for it is He who will save His people from their sins.”
“Someone will say, “But that’s
wrong. The angel told him to call Him Jesus.”
Sorry! Jesus is an “English form.”
The angel was not speaking English. He was speaking Hebrew, to Joseph, a
Hebrew; and the Hebrew Name of our Saviour is Y’shua. This is the
original Name, and it is very precious to those who value genuine and
authentic forms, and to those who love to know the meaning of names -
particularly HIS Name. In Exodus 23,
“Behold, I am going to send an
Angel before you to guard you along the way, and to bring you into the
place which I have prepared. Pay attention to Him and obey His voice; do
not rebel against Him, for He will not pardon your transgression,
for MY NAME IS IN HIM.”
There are actually two ‘angels’
(messengers) implied in this promise. The first was the human leader who
led the people of Israel into the promised land - Joshua. The second was
the spiritual ‘Angel of the Lord,’ Y’shua the Messiah (the Anointed,
pre-incarnate Son of Yahweh).
Paul explains that the Messiah was
with the people of Israel in the wilderness, and that they all drank
from a spiritual rock that followed them - “and that rock was Christ
Y’shua, in spirit, led the people
of Israel into the promised land, filling Joshua with wisdom and power.
Deut.34:9; 31:3, 23; 32:3-4).
And the Name of Yahweh is in both
Joshua and Y’shua. Let me explain.
Joshua’s original name was Hoshua
(also spelt Hoshea, Hoshua, or Oshea) which means
salvation, but Moses changed his
name. He prefixed Y’ to Hoshua, making the new name, Y’hoshua, and
thereby declaring that Yahweh is Salvation
13:16). (Remember, in
Hebrew, Y’ = Yah = Yahweh).
As in all the Hebrew names
beginning with Y’, this first letter is pronounced quickly, and with it,
a very short vowel is produced It is called a “half vowel,” and it
sounds almost like a short e. The Theological Word Book of the Old
Testament gives the pronunciation of Y’hoshua as yehoshua.
Usually it is spelt with a full e - Yehoshua.
Y’hoshua has been contracted to
Y’shua (the post-exilic form of the name.) And this is the Name given to
our Saviour. The meaning of Y’shua then is the same as Y’hoshua -
“Yahweh is salvation.” The Y’ in both
names stands for Yah. Thus the short form of the Father’s Name, is in
both Y’hoshua and Y’shua.
(Y’ prefixes many Hebrew names
such as Y’hudah (Judah); and Yah is added to the end of many names such
as EliYahu (Elijah) - see supplement at the end of this book. But the
full Name of Yahweh is never attached to Bible names.)
There are two Hebrew words that
are very close to the Name Y’shua - “yeshuah” and “yesha” - both meaning
‘salvation,’ or ‘save.’ But Y’shua means more than salvation - it means
“Yahweh is salvation,” or “Yahweh - the
eternally existing One - saves.” Thus Miryam’s (Mary’s) Baby was
called Y’shua. The angel said to Joseph, “For it is He who will save His
people from their sins.”
The spelling of Y’shua, in early
Hebrew, is as it is on the front cover of this book:
(Those four odd-shaped Hebrew
letters pictured above are rather unique. They are a photographic
reproduction of the word Y’shua which was engraved on a First Century AD
ossuary which was discovered in recent times, in a rock-cut tomb in the
vicinity of Jerusalem. In Jewish burial in those times, the bones of the
deceased were collected exactly one year after his death and re-interred
in an ossuary - a small container carved from stone. These containers
were usually decorated with geometric or other designs, and often
inscribed with the name of the deceased.
The ossuary recently discovered
with the name of Y’shua, of course, was not a box containing the bones
of our Saviour. Y’shua rose from the dead, and did not leave any bones
behind to be interred! But the ossuary was evidently that of a believer;
the Name of his Saviour inscribed on the outside.)
These four letters are
(Ayin is a silent consonant, which has only a breathing sound.) The
unwritten vowels are oo and
ar. The pronunciation has an accent on
An accepted, and probably the
best, spelling (in English) is Y’SHUA. But we often find two alternate
1. Yeshua (Ye is a vocalisation of
Y’). This is a late spelling, after vowels were indicated along with the
consonants. Although widely used, I do not prefer this spelling because
it often leads to a wrong pronunciation. Unless they have learnt the
correct pronunciation, most English people naturally pronounce it as
Yesh-u-a, rhyming with Joshua. That’s wrong! The accent should be on
SHU. Another disadvantage with the ‘Ye’
spelling is that it obscures the meaning of Y’.
2. Yahshua (Yah is the meaning of
Y’). We don’t actually find the Name written this way in Scripture, but
Y’ definitely stands for Yah. This form shows the
meaning of the Name, and the Father’s
Name in the Son. But one disadvantage with this spelling is that it also
can cause a wrong pronunciation. The tendency is to say a long Yah (even
Yaar), and to end up with YARSH-u-a. That’s wrong!
So the best spelling, I believe,
is Y’SHUA. True, the apostrophe (which indicates the half vowel) may
cause a temporary confusion for some, but once explained it is not a big
thing. And sure, the Name should be explained. Actually this should have
been taught everywhere in Sunday School. But it hasn’t been! It is
because the church, for centuries, has been content with the faulty
transliterations of the Name, which they considered just as good as the
original (if not better!).
The time has now come for a
restoration of the original, authentic Names! And I believe the Father
is doing this all over the world.
WHAT ABOUT THE NAME IMMANUEL?
Some will ask, “Isn’t Immanuel the
Let’s clarify this point! In
Matthew 1, the angel of Yahweh commanded Joseph to call the Baby Y’shua.
But then Matthew comments, quoting the prophecy in Isaiah:
“All this took place to fulfil
what the Lord had said through the prophet: ‘Behold, the virgin shall be
with child, and will give birth to a Son, and
they shall call His Name Immanu’el;’ which translated means, ‘God
It is clear from the passage that
Joseph was not commanded to call Mary’s Baby Immanuel. This was a Name
that would become attached to the Person of Y’shua the Messiah. “They
shall call His Name Immanu’el.”
AND WHAT OF THE WORD MESSIAH?
“The Messiah” is a very specific
title given by God to the Person of Y’shua. In Hebrew the title is HA
MASHIACH. (Pronunciation: ma-shee-ah; the ch or
h is gutteral).
Mashiach/Messiah means “THE
ANOINTED.” This word is used 37 times in the OT, and is mostly
translated as “Anointed” - referring to Saul, and David, “The LORD’s
Anointed.” (Once, Cyrus, the Persian Ruler, is also called “His
Mashiach is transliterated twice
as Messiah, in Daniel 9:25, 26, where it is referring to the future
In the NT Greek text, Messias
is used twice - John 1:41 and 4:25. At first it seems strange that
this important title, Messiah” is used only four times in our English
Bibles. But the word “Christ” actually means
“Messiah,” as John indicates in those two verses. And “Christ” is
used more than 350 times in the New Testament
The Greek New Testament uses the
word Christos - a word derived from the Greek verb chrio -
for Mashiach. Chrio had to do with the anointing of kings and
high priests in the Greek world, similar to the anointing of Saul and
is not actually a name; it is a special descriptive title
- The Anointed.
is used in the five verses that speak of Y’shua’s anointing.
(Lk 4:18; Acts
4:47, 10:38; 2 Cor 1:21; Heb 1:9). (The
anointing that believers have,
1 John 2:27,
is a different word – chrisma.)
The Name and title of our Saviour
is Y’shua Ha Mashiach, Y’shua the Messiah, or Jesus the Christ. And
truly, He is the only Person who is worthy of the definite article,
“the,” in the title – The
In the original spoken dialogues
about Y’shua, by the disciples, such as, “You are the Christ,” would
have employed the Hebrew word Mashiach. But as
Mashiach has come across into English as Christ, we need to know,
and teach the meaning of that title - “Christ”
means “Anointed Messiah.”
Today, the title “Christ” has been
hijacked by many who claim to be Messiahs. The New Age Movement, in
particular, has twisted its meaning, and applied it to a counterfeit
who, they claim is, “The Christ,” Lord Maitreya, the Master of Masters,
and head of the “Spiritual Hierarchy.”
And there are also misguided
enthusiasts who equate Christ with Krishna (Chrishna); they link Jesus
with Zeus, Shiva, and Buddha; and Mashiach with Maitreya. And, of
course, they want to strip Y’shua of His anointed position.
So believer, we need to proclaim
the truth about who Y’shua-Jesus the Messiah is!
JESUS IS A TRANSLITERATION OF Y’SHUA
Some will say, “ ‘Jesus’ is an
English translation of ‘Y’shua’.” To which I reply, “Why did His Name
ever need to be translated?” You are most welcome to explain the meaning
of the Name by way of translation, (Yahweh is salvation), but the
Saviour’s original, authentic Name must
not be eliminated!
But actually, “Jesus” in not a
translation. It is a
transliteration of Y’shua. A
transliteration is the carrying of a word over into another language so
that it sounds very much the same as in the original, even though
written in a different alphabet.
The Name Y’shua should have been
transliterated into all languages exactly, or very closely to the way it
sounds in the original. Some transliterations are close, but some, as in
English, sounds far removed from the original.
Yes, Y’shua and Jesus are really
the same name, but I’m sure you will agree that Jesus doesn’t sound
anything like Y’shua. The reason is because “Jesus” is a poor
transliteration - both in spelling and pronunciation. And the reason for
that faulty transliteration is because the Name has come into English,
not directly from the Hebrew, but through Greek and Roman, and because
of English language “mutation.”
Y’shua was brought over from
Hebrew into Greek as Iesous.
The reason for that
mutation is because the Greeks have a lazy tongue and do not pronounce
ye and shu. For the Greek it is much easier to pronounce the
letters as ee and soo. So Yeshua mutated to Iesous.
(I know some people
today who love the Name of Y’shua, but they pronounce it as
They can’t clearly hear the difference.)
became Iesus in Roman (Latin), and it
then became Yesus in English. In the
16th century, Yesus became Jesus when J
was added to the English alphabet.
In other tongues also, the Name
has been brought over from a variety of language Bibles, including
Greek, Latin and English, without much consideration of the original
Hebrew. Thus we have a great number of variations of the Saviour’s Name,
getting further and further away from the original, as the following
The Inspired Greek New
Someone will argue, “But Jesus is
the Name in the inspired Greek New Testament.”
That’s not quite right. The word
in the Greek NT is IESOUS. So if we
used the Greek name, then we should call the Saviour, Iesous. Why should
we call Him Jesus, Yesu, Isu, etc., if Iesous was the most correct form?
For many years I thought that
‘Jesus’ was a Hebrew word - the actual name spoken by the apostles.
It came as a jolt to realise that the disciples never heard the
pronunciation, ‘Jesus.’ Nor did the Greeks!
One English lady once said to me,
“Oh, I like ‘Jesus’ because it is a nice English word.” I replied, “And
you would prefer an English Jesus, with blue eyes, golden locks, and
speaking Oxford English?”
Y’shua was neither an Englishman,
nor a Greek! He was a Hebrew!
Why did the apostles write
Paul and John wrote in Greek
because the Great Commission was to preach the Gospel to the uttermost
parts of the earth. And Greek was the main international language
through which it could be accomplished at that time.
Why did they use the word Iesous instead of Y’shua?
In writing in Greek, the New
Testament apostles used the Greek form of the Name of Y’shua, Iesous, as
that Name had already mutated, orally, from the Hebrew, and was in
It is admitted that it is not
always easy to transliterate a name exactly into another language. The
exact letters Paul used we do not know, as the original manuscripts are
not available, and the earliest Greek scripts available are copies made
in the 3rd century and thereafter).
We know that names and words
change their spelling and pronunciation over a period of time. It you
take a King James Bible printed in 1611, you would find it very hard to
follow. In that edition, Jesus was spelt Iesus; and numerous words were
spelt differently to how they are now. For example, the original King
James Bible bore the following subtitle:
“The Holy Bible, conteyning the
Old Testament, and the New, Newly Translated out of the Originall
tongues: & with the former Translations diligently compared and revised:
by his Majesties speciall Comandement. Appointed to be read in Churches.
Imprinted at London by Robert Barker, Printer to the Kings most
excellent Majestie. Anno Dom. 1611.”
The King James Bible has been
updated several times as far as spelling is concerned, and particularly
after the letter J was added to the English language. The current King
James Bible is actually the revision of
(We can hardly imagine how the
word Jesus might be spelt in English in another 200 years time - the
pace of change is now so rapid, particularly with language. Many parents
can’t keep up with the language of their own children).
So it is possible that the Greek
spelling or pronunciation of the Saviour’s Name changed from the form
that Paul and John used, especially as the church soon became
In translating from the Greek and
Latin into English, the early translators had three options. 1. to
use the spelling Iesous. 2. to use an English form that had
developed orally via Latin, even though it was further from the
original. 3. to return to the original language from where the Name
came, and use that original Name - Y’shua or Yeshua. They chose
the middle course.
The only way the early English
translators could have checked on the correct spelling of Biblical
names, would have been to go back to the Hebrew, and to transliterate
them as closely as possible into English. But they didn’t. The Hebrew
forms were not considered important.
We praise God, however, for the
wonderful work the early translators did in making the Scriptures
available in English, and in other languages.
of 1382, (the first complete English Bible) was translated from the
Latin Vulgate. Tyndale’s translation
was released in 1525, being printed on the newly-invented printing
press. Tyndale translated from Greek and Hebrew texts that had been
compiled, but of course, he never questioned the spellings that had
developed in the Greek texts. The Coverdale Bible of 1535 was a
translation based on the Latin Vulgate
and the German Bible.
Other translations followed; the
Matthews’ Bible (1537), the
Great Bible (1539), the
Geneva Bible (1560), the
Bishops’ Bible (1568), the
Douay Bible (1609-10), and then the
King James (1611). But the
traditional Greek/Roman/English spelling continued, even as it has up to
the present time.
With later translations into other
languages, however, the translators (including William Carey) have been
careful to render the Saviour’s Name more closely to the original -
hence Yesu and Yeshu are used in most of the Indian editions. Other
Bible names also are much closer to the Hebrew than the English
A natural question, after
discovering that “Jesus” is not the original Name of the Messiah, is,
“Miracles have been performed in the Name of Jesus. And we have been
saved in the Name of Jesus. So how is it possible that it is not the
It is true that people have been
healed, and saved, and delivered in the Name of Jesus, even though it is
a faulty transliteration of the original Name. When we have called on
the Name of Jesus, we have been referring to the Person who lived in
Galilee, whose Name was Y’shua. Our Father knows that we have been
referring to no other than Y’shua; so He has honoured our faith because
it has been placed in His Son. Our Father has overlooked our particular
pronunciation of the Saviour’s Name
In fact, He is not worried about our pronunciation! But now that the
truth has been revealed, why should we not love and use His precious,
Yes, people are still being saved
in the Name of Jesus, and will be saved in that Name right up till the
I am certainly not seeking to
eliminate the Name of Jesus! That is not possible, nor desirable,
as the world in general has some idea of who Jesus is. But what I am
saying is that every believer should know his Saviour’s original Name,
and should love that God-given Name because of its authenticity, and its
During the Great Tribulation, the
Name of Y’shua will be very crucial indeed. Firstly, there will be a
tremendous outpouring of the Holy Spirit on Israel, so that the nation
will recognise Y’shua as the One their ancestors crucified. They will
believe in Him, and as they all speak Hebrew, they will naturally
proclaim His original Hebrew Name.
The term “Christ” will not be used
much by believers in the Tribulation, for it is an English word, and
also because it’s the “office” claimed by the Man of Sin. Believers will
refer to Y’shua the Messiah.
The word “church” will be
discarded by believers, for the “church” at that time will be a
descriptive title of Mystery Babylon. Even now it is like that. Church
means either a building with a steeple, a particular denomination such
as the Catholic Church; or to Christendom as a whole. The Biblical
“church” is actually an assembly of the corporate Body of Christ – a
fellowship of believers in Y’shua. Now-a-days some groups are
calling themselves, a “Y’shua Fellowship,” or a “Messianic Assembly.”
The word “Christian” has now lost
its true meaning (one who belongs to Christ). “Christian” now means
simply, one who belongs to the Christian community, as differing to the
Hindu, Buddhist or Islamic communities. Or “Christian” can mean “a
Christian nation.” (And Hitler was a “Christian” in that sense.)
If asked your “religion” these
days, a good expression would be, “The Fellowship of Y’shua the
In Israel, the disciples preached
Y’shua Ha Mashiach of Nazareth, and
“Let it be known to all of you,
and to all the people of Israel, that by the Name of the Messiah, Y’shua
from Nazareth, whom you crucified, but whom God raised from the
dead - by this Name this man stands here before you healed. And there is
salvation in no one else; for there is no other name under heaven that
has been given among men, by which we must be saved.”
BAPTISM IN THE NAME
This is a question that sometimes
comes up: “What Name should we be baptized in?
Peter said, “Repent, and let each
of you be baptized in the Name of
Y’shua the Messiah...”
Y’shua Himself said: “
Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them
in the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and
of the Holy Spirit.”
Did Peter get it wrong? No! To be
baptized in the Name of Y’shua (or Jesus), means the same as to be
baptized in the Name (singular) of the Father, the Son, and the Holy
Spirit, for each of the three member-manifestations of the one Eternal
Deity bear the Name, YAH . . .
THE SPIRIT OF YAHWEH
And besides the truth of the
mutual Name of Yah, the apostle Paul wrote that all the fullness of the
Eternal Deity dwells in bodily form in Y’shua
2:9). As the Eternal Deity
is in Y’shua, and Y’shua is in the Eternal Deity, baptising in the Name
of Y’shua (or Jesus) is to baptize in the Name of the Father, the Son
and the Holy Spirit.
We reject, then, and warn about
the so-called JESUS ONLY doctrine, which denies the Three-in-one (the
three member-manifestations of the one eternal Deity), and which refuses
to baptize according to the Great Commission of Y’shua in
The JESUS ONLY teaching tries to
counteract the idea that some have, that there are three Gods in
Christianity, by saying, the Father is Jesus, the Son is Jesus, and the
Holy Spirit is Jesus. But that does not harmonize with the
Scriptures. For example: at the baptism of Y’shua, all three members
were manifest, all at the same time.
The “Jesus Only” cult insists on
re-baptizing people who have been baptized in the Name of the Father,
Son and Holy Spirit. But there is no need to be re-baptized in the Name
of Jesus, or Y’shua, or the Three-in-One, if you have already been
baptized as a true believer in the Saviour.
WHY HAS THE NAME CHANGED SO MUCH?
That natural linguistic changes
have occurred, has been explained above. But there has also been a
satanic conspiracy to eliminate the true, original, authentic Name of
the Messiah, Y’shua, and its meaning, which is, “Yahweh, the
eternally-existing One saves.”
Even as the Name of Yahweh had
been effectively eliminated from Hebrew speech, Satan has sought to
influence men to eliminate the Name of the Son, whom he hates so much.
If Satan could not destroy the person of Y’shua, he would attempt at
least to destroy His true Name by motivating the followers of the
Saviour to use substitutes.
Satan played on the fears of the
church in the 2nd and 3rd centuries. The church came under severe
persecution for those two long centuries, and the use of Hebrew names
was incriminating. Israel had rebelled against Rome, and the destroyed
nation became a byword. Any Hebraisms were suspect and equated with
sedition. And added to the fact that the Greeks and Romans could not
pronounce Hebrew names correctly, they adapted the Saviour’s Name to
make it sound more like a Greek name.
At the end of the first century,
the Church at Pergamum was holding
fast to the Name of Y’shua the Messiah
2:12-17). But the Church at
Thyatira was already beginning to permit the infiltration of Roman
paganism into the church. They were already compromising, under a policy
of Hellenisation and Jezebelism, and were into idolatry, and were
beginning to equate the names of pagan gods with the Person of Y’shua.
The Church at
Sardis was almost spiritually dead.
The believers there, evidently, had already lost their
love for the Saviour’s Name
3:1-3). But the Church in
Philadelphia was commended for it had
not denied His Name.
3:8). All that was by the
end of the first century A.D.
The apostles would undoubtedly
have used the Name Y’shua, and written it as closely as possible in
Greek. But by the time of Constantine, about 250 years later, the
Hellenistic-Roman influence had eliminated any resemblance of the Hebrew
The next question to arise, then,
is, “Why did the Lord allow this significant change to take place?
Surely He could have safeguarded His very Name?”
This is like asking, “Why did God
allow Satan in the Garden of Eden?” God knew all about the confusion of
tongues (Babel), and He is well able to interpret any amount of people’s
garbled languages. No one is going to be lost because he mispronounced
the Master’s Name! People have been saved with very limited knowledge of
the Saviour. But we can understand from Jeremiah 31:24, Isaiah 52:6, and
Hebrews 8:11, that God is certainly going to restore His Name in the end
times. And I believe He is doing it now!
There have always been some who
have known the true Names of Yahweh and Y’shua. And modern scholars have
hardly been unaware of the original Names for a long time; but like most
of us, they have regarded the Names as useful only for theological
Hebrew studies. It hardly seems to have entered most Christian minds
that the original Names revealed by the Almighty, are very important,
and are for all generations.
Of course, for several centuries
the Name JEHOVAH was widely accepted as the original Name of the Father.
For example, in his new translation of the Bible (1890), J N Darby used
the word Jehovah throughout the Old Testament, as well as the words Jah
The American Standard Bible of
1901 followed the same custom. But none of the main English translations
ever used the actual Name of our Saviour - Y’shua. And I think that is
incredible! How is it possible that it could be so eliminated in our
There was a time when I thought
that “Jesus” and “Jehovah” were Hebrew words. I used to believe that
“God” was the actual Name of the Almighty in all languages.
Why did El Shaddai allow His
actual Name to be largely eliminated? There are a number of strange
ideas or explanations:
* Some people have suggested that
God wanted it that way so that His true Name would not be blasphemed so
* Other people have suggested that
God allowed the new “international” names as He wanted to distance
Himself from unbelieving Israel.
* Some have suggested that the
Name Yahweh was a primitive, Israelitish name for their localised God,
and that it became obsolete when the nation began to evolve into a more
intellectual nation, and discovered that “God” is the universal Deity.
* Some suggest that with the new
dispensation in which the Gospel was made available to the world, God
“internationalized” His name, switching to Greek forms.
* Some think the new Name is God’s
way of making the Messiah more acceptable to the non-Jewish world.
* Some believe that because Israel
rejected Him, the Messiah became the property of the Gentiles who were
entitled, because of their acceptance of Him, to give Him a Name-change.
The truth is that Yahweh did NOT
change His Name, nor did Y’shua change His!
“For I, YHWH, do not change;
therefore you, O sons of Jacob, are not consumed.”
The unity of the “family Name” of
YAH is important, and it is unchangeable. The elimination of the
original Names is a satanic conspiracy to rob people of the Truth, and
to cause “Christians” to adopt pagan beliefs subtly couched in
Even the title Messiah has been
almost eliminated from our English Bibles. It is used only FOUR times in
the whole King James Version! The impression is that “Messiah” is
something to do with Jewish expectations, and it is immaterial to
Christians. But as we have seen, the word Messiah is a transliteration
of “Mashiach which means “Anointed.” And surely that is most significant
for Christians! He is just as much OUR Anointed One - our Messiah - as
He is the Anointed for the Jews!
Some will respond, “But Christos”
means “anointed.” That’s true, but most people, including Christians,
don’t know that; for over a period of time, this descriptive title
changed into a Proper Noun, and a new name was created, which has been
transliterated into other languages as Christ, Christu, or Kris.
If Paul was writing for English
people today he would no doubt use an English translation (Anointed) or
a closer transliteration of the Hebrew Mashiach – possibly
In our Hindi and Nepali Bibles,
the translators have transliterated Mashiach as Masia. In Tibetan it is
rendered as Mashika - which is much closer to the original than Christu,
Krist, Kris, or Christos in other languages.
Some of our languages use a form
of Y’shua which is much closer to the Hebrew original than the
transliterations of the Greek, Iesous. Tibetan, for example uses Yeshu.
It is a pity that the Tibetan translators did not go all the way and use
Yeshua, for one of the titles of a Buddhist god is Yeshay. That is too
close to Yeshu. Yeshua would have been quite distinct - and indeed, the
very real Name.
One reason why the Gospel has not
made the impact among the Tibetans that it should have, I believe, is
because the early translators and missionaries chose a wrong word for
“God.” They used the word “Kunchok.” This word has no true
equation with the Bible’s definition of the Almighty. Kunchok
means a trinity comprised of the Buddha deity, the incarnate lamas, and
the Buddhist scriptures. That’s not what the Bible means by “God.”
I mention this as I have studied
Tibetan. In fact, my first book was in Tibetan. It had the title,
Kunchok khi Sungthrin Shuk So, meaning, “God’s Message.” I did not
fully realize in those days - 42 years ago - the damage that
can be done by applying the word Kunchok to the Almighty of the
Bible. And the same type of damage is being done today, by some leading
churches who say that Shiva or Buddha are simply other religion’s names
for OUR God.
Of course, in my book I sought to
define the main Bible terms we use - God, sin, salvation, justification,
heaven and hell, etc. But I took on the impossible task of explaining
that “kunchok” does not mean what the Tibetans always believed it
meant; and that it means something quite different.
Tibetans often remark, after
hearing a little of the Gospel, “Ngantsher cher jikpa re!” (Our
religion is the same). Today when I speak to Tibetans I do not refer to
kunchok, but I speak of Dzepapo Chempo - the Great
Creator, and the Heavenly Father. The Almighty, the Most High, whose
Name is Yahweh - the eternal existing One who sent His only incarnation,
Y’shua, into the world to save us from the penalty of our sins.
TELUGU, TAMIL, MALAYALAM and MARATHI
I don’t have much trouble
explaining the Name of Yahweh and Y’shua to those who speak these
languages, because the Names used in the Bibles of these languages, are
closer to the originals.
Most of them use Yehowah for
Yahweh. If the “o” is left out, the word is close to Yahwah and Yahweh.
And it is not difficult to explain that the Yeh stands for Yah, when you
relate it to “halleluYAH.”
Yesu is used for Y’shua, and some
of the languages, especially in singing, add “a” - Yesua. So for someone
used to Yesua, Y’shua is not far out. It needs only a slight correction.
It is the English-speaking world,
however, that has difficulty in accepting the original Names as anything
more than admitted Hebraisms.
In past centuries Hebrew became
virtually a dead language, and the language was considered unimportant -
except to theologians and Bible translators. For most Christians, God
wrote the Bible in King James English.
Over the past century, however,
Hebrew once more became a living language as Jews in various parts of
the world began to learn the language anew; and later, as it became the
official language of the restored nation of Israel. Amongst many
Christians, there has been a keen interest in the study of Hebrew, and a
new awareness that the Almighty caused about 80% of the Scriptures to be
written in that language.
Then over the past four decades, a
mighty movement began amongst Jews - several hundred thousand of them
have discovered that Y’shua is indeed the Messiah, the Light of the
“Jews For Jesus”,
an evangelistic movement, began to proclaim to the nations that Y’shua
is the Saviour of the World. One of their thrilling songs reads:
May all who live believe in You
And sanctify Thy Name in truth.
For You are our Salvation
Y’shua, Jesus, You’re the One.
Y’shua Ha Mashiach, You are
Yes, You are Lord!
These believers equate the Name
Jesus with Y’shua, but underline the fact that Y’shua is not a
translation of Jesus. It is His Hebrew Name; and His original, authentic
Furthermore they emphasize that
Y’shua was not an Anglo-Saxon. In one of their full page evangelistic
International Herald-Tribune, 21.12.88),
Jews For Jesus
wrote the following:
“Did you ever think about where
Y’shua was born? He wasn’t born in Buckingham Palace or even in St
Mary’s Paddington! He was born in the sheep-rearing capital of Israel
called Bethlehem Ephrathah, also known as the City of David . . .
“Everyone knows that all angels
are interdenominational and non-sectarian. That angel told Joseph; She
(that’s Mary) will give birth to a Son, and you are to give Him the Name
Y’SHUA because He will save His people from their sins . . .
“This was all to begin happening
through Mary’s Son who would be both Jewish King and Saviour - and if
you don’t want a Jewish Saviour, sorry, He’s the only kind of Saviour
available . . .
“We wouldn’t even bring up the
subject of sin except there is a solution to the problem, an antidote to
the poison and an answer to the destruction caused by sin. Y’SHUA is His
Interesting, isn’t it? And if Jews
can have a movement, “Jews For Jesus,” why can’t Christians have
a movement, “Christians For Y’shua”?
Notice the spelling which this
movement uses - Y’shua. Although the name is also traditionally spelt by
Jews as Yeshua, Jews For Jesus prefers Y’shua, and I do too!
There is a slight difference
between Yeshua and Y’shua. Yeshuah is a Scriptural word meaning
“salvation”. But Y’shua is a contraction of Y’hoshua which means “Yahweh
is salvation.” It is the simple equation: Y = YAH = YHWH. The Y is
pronounced quickly, as though it didn’t have a vowel. But Y actually
stands for YAH. And Y’shua actually means YAH-SHUA, or even YAHWEH-SHUA.
But naturally, Satan wants to keep this fact hidden, even from
Religious Jews will never spell
out God’s Name, but the day is coming when the scales will fall off the
eyes of the people of Israel, and they will realize that Yahweh never
ever said, Do not speak My Name. And they will realise that Y’shua is
the manifestation of YHWH in human form. And they will realise that is
it no accident that the Father’s Name, Yah, is in the Son, Y’shua
The day is coming when, “My
people (all believers in fellowship with Yahweh through Y’shua)
shall know My Name.”
The day is coming when …
“They will call on My Name
And I will answer them;
I will say, ‘They are My people,’
And they will say, ‘YHWH is my
Earlier I said that none of the
main English Bibles have used the real Name of Y’shua - in Old or New
Testaments. But things are now changing. Two Bibles I know of, The
Sacred Name Bible, and the Restoration Bible Use the original Names. The
first uses Yahweh, and the second, Yahvah. Both use our Saviour’s Name,
The Jewish Bible, a translation by
a Messianic believer, David H Stern, uses all original Hebrew names for
both people and places, and it is particularly useful for
Hebrew-speaking people in Israel today (Yerushalayim for Jerusalem; Yitzhak
for Isaac; Y’hudah for Judah and Judea; Yohanan for John; Miryam
for Mary, etc.). And it uses Yeshua for Jesus.
WHY CONFUSE THE PEOPLE?
This is a question that has been
posed by some of my readers. Why not just stick to whatever variations
of the Name the people are used to?
As the English lady said to me, “I
like the ENGLISH name, Jesus.”
And I asked, “And you like an
Anglo-Saxon Saviour, too?”
“Oh no!” she replied, “But we’re
accustomed to that Name.”
One brother wrote to me, “We know
Jesus as Jesus only in all our Indian languages. Why drag us into
This is not a controversy - unless
you reject the Truth. I’m not saying that Iesous, Isu, Isa, Yesu, Yisu,
Jesus, Jisu, Jesu are not referring to our Saviour. I’m saying that when
we use these variations, we are actually referring to the Son of Yahweh
whose true Name was, and still is, Y’shua.
And I’m also saying that the
fulfilment of the prophecy of Isaiah 52:6, is now happening. “My people
shall know My Name.” It is happening all around the world. And I’m
excited to be in on this restoration of Truth.
I find it exciting that we are now
coming back closer to the New Testament ecclesia (assembly) of the
Apostles. The word “church” today hardly expresses the truth that
believers are members of the Body of Y’shua. “Church” means either a
building, a religious club or denomination, or “Christendom as a whole.”
The Bible “church” is actually, “the worldwide company of people in
fellowship with Y’shua.”
The word “Christian” these days is
also a misnomer. It should refer to a person who is in fellowship with
Y’shua. But sadly, it mostly means a community or caste, or a citizen of
a “Christian” country. Adolph Hitler was a “Christian”; and I can
understand why believing Jews do not refer to themselves as
“Christians.” These days you don’t radiantly proclaim, “I’m a
Christian.” Yes, you joyfully proclaim your faith in Y’shua, or Jesus.
You are proud of Him. But reluctantly you have to admit that you are a
If someone asks me about my
religion, I prefer to say, “I’m in fellowship with Y’shua the Messiah,”
or “I belong to Y’shua.”
YAHWEH IN THE NEW TESTAMENT
Y’shua said, “I have made Your
Name known to them, and will make it known.”
I can’t imagine our Master saying, “Children, your Father’s Name is
Adonai; and His other Name is God.”
No, Y’shua revealed the Father,
and He must have given an in-depth study to the disciples on the Name of
Yahweh, and on the titles of El Shaddai.
Some believers, however, insist
that Yahweh is a Name used only in the Old Testament, and its absence
from the New Testament means it has become obsolete.
The seeming elimination of Yahweh
from the New Testament is not the apostles’ doing. It is the result of
the hellenisation of the church and of the translations of the
Scriptures in the post-Apostolic age.
There are, in fact, quite a few
references to Yahweh in quotations from the Old Testament. And the
apostles, in writing those quotations, would have followed the Jewish
practice of writing YHWH wherever the Name occurred.
When Jewish translators who
produced the Septuagint (the Greek translation of the Old Testament)
came across the Name YHWH, they left a gap in the Greek text, and then
later added the Hebrew letters of the Name - . They were careful not to take away one dot or tittle
from the Sacred Name. The apostles, writing in Hebrew, or in Greek,
would have followed the same custom, or transliterated the Name. Thus
the Old Testament quotations would have been written like this:
“Blessed is He who comes in the
Name of YHWH.”
23:39; Mark 11:9; Luke 13:35; John 12:13)
“You shall love YHWH your God with
all your heart.”
“Make ready the way of YHWH, make
His paths straight.”
“You shall not tempt YHWH your
“You shall worship YHWH your God,
and serve Him only.”
“YHWH said to my Lord, sit at My
“YHWH has sworn and will not
change His mind.”
“Behold, days are coming, says
YHWH, when I will effect a new covenant . . . and I did not care for
them, says YHWH . . . after those days, says YHWH . . . Know YHWH, for
all shall know Me, from the least to the greatest of them.”
9, 10, 11)
“Holy, holy, holy, is YHWH of
Hosts, El Shaddai, who was and who is and who is to come.”
“Great and marvellous are Your
works, O YHWH, El Shaddai ... who will not fear, O YHWH, and glorify
Your Name? For You alone are holy; for all nations will come and worship
This latter verse is another
indication that the Name of Yahweh has not changed, but that all the
saved of the Gentile nations, as well as Israel, will know His Name.
Other quotations from the Old
Testament where YHWH must have been used, include
Hebrews 10:16, 30; 12:5, 6; 13:6; 1 Peter 3:12.
And in Revelation 19:1 to 6, the
Hebrew word, halleluYah, is used four times; the same word as used more
than 20 times in the Psalms.
Some will argue that the word
“LORD” (Adonai or kurios) was used in the quotations, and
not YHWH. No! Remember, in speaking the Jews used the word Adonai, but
they did not change the written word, YHWH. So the Name in the Old
Testament quotations must have been written as YHWH in the original New
Testament scripts - both Hebrew and Greek.
It was the later copies of the
N.T. mss that substituted YHWH with the words kurios and theos.
LOVE FOR THE NAME
It is not merely a
knowledge of what the original Names
are, but a deep love for those Names
that is being revived.
“For God is not unjust so as to
forget your work and
THE LOVE WHICH YOU HAVE SHOWN TOWARD HIS NAME.”
Once you know HA SHEM (The Name),
certain Scriptures take on deeper significance. You begin to meditate on
such verses as:
“Hallowed be Your Name.”
“O YHWH, our Lord, How majestic is
Your Name in all the earth.”
“Though all the peoples walk each
in the name of his god, as for us, we will walk in the Name of YHWH our
God for ever and ever.”
“Your Name is like purified oil
(oil poured forth).”
(Song of Songs
“I will show him how much he must
suffer for My Name’s sake.”
“Then they (the high priests)
called them in again, and commanded them not to speak or teach at all in
the Name of Y’shua.”
“And He (El Shaddai) commanded us
to preach to the people, and to testify that this is the One who has
been appointed by God as Judge of the living and the dead. Of Him
(Y’shua) all the prophets bear witness that through His Name, every one
who believes in Him has received forgiveness of sins.”
“I have come in My Father’s Name,
and you do not receive Me.”
“They who know Your Name will put
their trust in Thee.”
“But the people who know their God
will display strength and take action (be strong and do exploits).”
“Teach me Your way, O YHWH; I
will walk in Your truth.
Give me an undivided heart, that I
may fear Your Name.
I will give thanks to Thee, O
Adonai my God, with all my heart,
I will glorify Your Name for
“Father, glorify Your Name.”
“Holy Father, keep them in Your
Name, the Name which You hast given Me.”
“Let the same attitude and purpose
be in you which was in the Messiah, Y’shua, who, although existing in
the form of God - being in very nature God, did not regard equality with
God something to be grasped, but emptied Himself (of all rightful
dignity), taking the form of a bond-servant, being made in human
“And being found in appearance as
a man, He humbled Himself (still further) by becoming obedient to
the extreme of death, even death on a cross.
“Therefore (because He stooped
so low), God exalted Him to the highest place, and gave Him THE NAME
THAT IS ABOVE EVERY NAME that at the Name of Y’shua every knee should
bow - in heaven and on earth and under the earth - and every tongue
confess that Y’shua the Messiah is Lord (the Heavenly Master), to
the glory of YHWH, God the Father.”
“And the four
living creatures kept saying, ‘Amen’.”
~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~
TITLES OF GOD
By BETTY ISHAM
with DON STANTON
EL, ELAH, ELOAH, ELOHIM GOD
GOD MOST HIGH
LORD (Sovereign Master)
THE ETERNAL EXISTING ONE (THE GREAT I AM)
YAHWEH WILL PROVIDE
YAHWEH MY BANNER
YAHWEH IS PEACE
YAHWEH OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS
YAHWEH MY SHEPHERD
YAHWEH IS THERE
“YAH” AND “EL” IN HEBREW NAMES
Credit is given here to Mrs BETTY
ISHAM, who was for many years the MRC Representative in Queensland and
later in Tasmania, Australia, for the tremendous help in the preparation
of this series of studies. Sister Betty is now with the Master in Glory.
Some time back I requested Sister
Betty to help me in deeper research into the Names and Titles of God.
Betty has had theological training in the US, and her late husband, Ed
Isham, had also spent much time in studying the Names. Betty was glad to
share in this study, and found a real blessing through the several
months of work she put into this study.
Betty came to the same conclusions
as I did, but she went deeper into the synonyms - the extended Names of
Yahweh - and here brings out the significance of those compound Names.
We both are convinced that the Hebrew Names apply to both Yahweh, the
Father, in the Old Testament, and to Y’shua, the Son, in the New
Testament. We both were absolutely convinced of the unity of the Old and
New Testaments, and the Unity of the Eternal Deity, the Three-in-One,
which is so meaningfully expressed in the original Hebrew Names. This
study is our prayerful, combined effort.
Betty acknowledges several books
which have been of particular help in the preparation of the study:
Names of God in the Old Testament
by Nathan J Stone; Moody Press
New Hutchinson 20th Century
Encyclopedia; E.M.Horseley, Australia.
Int’national Standard Bible
Encyclopedia; James Orr, Grand Rapids, US
Ungers Bible Dictionary
Davis Dictionary of the Bible
Young’s Bible Concordance.
The purpose of this study is to
help readers understand the Scriptural Hebrew Names and titles of God,
and how they describe His character, and show His relationship to His
people. Our study seeks to relate the Old Testament Hebrew Names and
titles of God with the Person of our Sovereign Master and Saviour in the
Some claim that Yahweh is Y’shua,
or Y’shua is Yahweh. And our Saviour’s claim that “He who has seen Me
has seen the Father”
and “I and the Father are one”
certainly suggests this. But we have to recognise that Y’shua is
uniquely the Son of Yahweh, the begotten of the Father
Hebrews 1:5) and that “in
Him all the fullness of Deity dwells in bodily form.”
There are certainly
not two Gods - one in the Old, the other
in the New! There are not two Lords, two
Saviours, two Fathers, and two Spirits.
The Scriptures reveal the eternal
Deity as Father, Son and Holy Spirit, and of course there has been an
age-long debate about whether these three represent three distinctly
separate Persons, or simply three modes or manifestations of one Deity.
The Biblical doctrine of the
Trinity does not teach “three Gods,” but
unfortunately this has been the concept promoted by much of the church.
Unscriptural paintings, for example, show an old man, a young man, and a
dove above them. It is, of course, a foolish and unscriptural thing to
try to paint a picture of the Deity.
On the other hand there is danger
in the “Jesus only” doctrine which says that Jesus is the Father, Jesus
is the Son, and Jesus is the Holy Spirit. That is an
over-simplification. Y’shua is “the only begotten Son,” and while He is
called “everlasting Father” in Isaiah 9:6, Yahweh is not called “the
only begotten Son.”
No-one, I believe, can adequately
describe the Eternal Deity, but we must accept what the Scriptures say.
God is One, but known as Father, Son and Holy Spirit. It is wrong to
refer to “Their Majesties,” even though the word Elohim (God) is plural.
In my concept I think of the three
superimposed into one - like a third dimension picture. But all our
illustrations fall short.
God is revealed as a tri-unity in
the New Testament exactly as He is revealed in the Old Testament. And
the titles of Deity used in the O.T. may be equally applied to the Deity
in the New Testament. And I believe you will find it refreshing to use
such titles as Y’shua Ro-ee and Y’shua Shalom.
This study seeks to go back to our
Hebrew roots, and to use the titles and Names that Paul and the apostles
would have used in preaching to Jewish communities during their
journeys, to gain a deeper insight into our Father’s, and our Master’s
Some of my readers may say they
are not much interested in Hebrew. To which I say, many Moslems learn
Arabic simply for the sake of studying the Koran in its original
language. It is sad that the majority of Christians hardly know ten
words of the language that first conveyed their Father’s written message
I am not saying that we must learn
Hebrew to get the message straight. But there is a blessing in learning
the Hebrew titles which our Father used to describe Himself and His
relationship to His people - and to us!
Yes, sure, you can get the general
meaning from your English translations; but sadly, the translations do
not convey the actual Names which are synonyms, or extensions of the
Count the number of Hebrew
words you already know!
Reader, it is not going to tax
your memory terribly, to add 20 or 30 words to your Hebrew vocabulary.
You already know a few Hebrew words such as halleluYah, hosanna, Adam,
amen, Immanuel, and “Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani.” And, of course,
there’s a heap of Hebrew names - people and places - which we use, but
pronounce in an anglicized way. (Bibles in most Indian languages write
the Hebrew names more closely to the original than English Bibles do).
The titles in this study should
become familiar to all who regularly read and love the Bible. They are
all synonyms of the Name of the Almighty One, our Father, and our
Saviour. They are titles that we can, and should use, in prayer, in
preaching, and in witnessing. Their usage, particularly in prayer, will
help to lift us out of the groove of our few constant repetitives.
We will begin this study with the
Hebrew words that are translated into English as “God.”
~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~
EL, ELYON, ELOAH, ELAH, ELOHIM
is the most basic
Hebrew word for “God.” It is singular tense, and it occurs about 250
times in the Bible. EL signifies “strong” and “first”, and is the title
that proclaims God as THE MIGHTY ONE, and “the First Great Cause of
The first four occurrences of EL are in Genesis 14:18-22 where
Melchizedek refers to “EL ELYON (God
Most High), possessor of heaven and earth.” In this same passage, Abram
speaks to the King of Sodom and links Yahweh with El Elyon.
“I have sworn to
YHWH EL ELYON, possessor of heaven and
This indicates that the Name YHWH
was indeed known before Moses.
is used in Psalm 7:17; ELYON is used alone in Isaiah 14:14.
The attributes of God are usually
attached to the title EL, such as, El Elyon (Most High God): El Shaddai
(Almighty God) (Gen. 17:1); Everlasting El (Gen. 21:33); a Jealous El
(Ex. 20:5); a Merciful El (Deut. 4:31). Each attribute of God is
infinite - infinite eternal love; infinite almighty power, etc.
(singular) comes from “Ahlah,” (to worship, to adore), and thus presents
God as the one supreme object of worship; the Adorable One. The
word occurs about 56 times; first, in Deuteronomy 32:15,17;
“But Jeshurun (Israel) . . .
forsook Eloah who made him . . . They sacrificed to demons who were not
is used frequently in the Book of Job.
is a Chaldean word that
corresponds to Eloah. It is found in the Books of Ezra and Daniel, 77
times, and once in Jeremiah.
is the most widely used of these five words that refer to God. It occurs
about 2,500 times. Elohim is the plural of Eloah, but it
may appear along with verbs and pronouns that are singular as well as
plural. It means the Mighty One (the One who is to be worshipped). It
can also mean the “mighty ones.” Much the same as in English - God/gods.
is used 35 times in the account of creation, including the first verse
of Genesis, “In the beginning Elohim created the heavens and the earth.”
The word contains the idea of creative and governing power, of
omnipotence and sovereignty.
(plural) is the Creator. As Paul said on Mars Hill, Elohim made the
world and all things in it.
(Acts 17:24). In
Elohim says, “Let us make man.” And in
the Spirit of Elohim is seen moving over the waters. The apostles also
refer to the Son, “the only begotten” of the Heavenly Father, as the
Executive of Elohim in the work of creation. It is He, the Son,
who upholds all things by the word of His power.
1:13-17. Hebrews 1:1-3).
Omnipotence is expressed by the
words and actions of Elohim. He brings cosmos out of chaos; light
out of darkness; habitation out of desolation, and creates life in His
promised Noah there would be no more universal floods. No one makes a
covenant unless he has the power and right to do so. Elohim has
the absolute authority as Creator and Ruler of the Universe, and thus
His covenant will stand firm. In making a covenant, Elohim swears
by Himself for there is no greater authority.
ELOHIM OF ELOHIM
10:17 we read,
“For YHWH your Elohim is Elohim of
elohim . . . the great, the mighty, and the awesome El who does not show
partiality, nor take a bribe.”
“Elohim of elohim”
at first seems to be contrary to other Scriptures which declare there is
“You were shown these things so
that you might know that YHWH is Elohim; there is no other besides Him.”
These two verses indicate,
firstly, that Elohim is not the unique, personal Name of the
Almighty, but a descriptive title. These verses also show that the true
Elohim is not denying that there are elohim (i.e., objects of
worship who are powerful in the eyes of their beholders) in the nations.
Chronicles13:9 & Isaiah 37:19).
The word elohim is used 240
times in the Old Testament to refer to “gods”, and twice to Ashtoreth -
the goddess of the Zidonians -
(1 Kings 11:5,
33). These are powerful
demonic spirits which ruled the people. As the Apostle Paul said,
“You were slaves to those which
by nature are no gods.”
The true Elohim, however,
is the One who is mighty to save. He is the Most High, and the
covenant-keeping God who invites all who will, to take shelter under His
“He who dwells in the shelter of
El Elyon, will abide in the shadow of El
Shaddai. I will say to YHWH, ‘My refuge and my fortress, my Elohim, in
whom I trust.” (Psalm
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
means Almighty God. “El” denotes mighty power.
“Shaddai” suggests nourishment and all-sufficiency.
“He who dwells in the shelter of
El Elyon will abide in the shadow of
In the New Testament, Paul uses
“And I will be a Father to you,
and you shall be My sons and daughters, says the LORD Almighty (YHWH
Our Father, Yahweh El Shaddai,
is able to save to the uttermost, and to do exceedingly abundant above
all we can ask or think.
Under this Name,
El Shaddai revealed Himself to
(Genesis 17:1). In their
advanced age, Abraham and Sarah were able to prove that El Shaddai
was all-sufficient. He was the Almighty, the One who could touch their
reproductive systems, and give them the promised heir.
appeared to Jacob also when he returned from Paddan-aram. First, El
Shaddai had to deal with Jacob, to teach him that his sufficiency
was to be of God and not of himself. Jacob’s thigh, you will remember,
was dislocated by the Lord, because, although he was the father of the
chosen nation, he could not fulfil the promise, until he learned that
without El Shaddai, he could do nothing.
This is the lesson that each
follower of Y’shua needs to learn. “... without Me you can no nothing.”
In the form of a “man” (a
pre-incarnate appearance of the Son of God) El Shaddai wrestled
with Jacob at Jabbok
And then a little later, El Shaddai revealed Himself once more to
“the Supplanter” and changed his name to Israel (Ruler with El), saying,
“I am El Shaddai; be fruitful and multiply.”
The Apostle Paul had to learn the
very same lesson. So do we all. El Shaddai is the One who
“’My grace is sufficient for you,
for My power is perfected in (your) weakness.’ “Most gladly, therefore,”
Paul says, “I will rather boast about my weaknesses, that the power of
El Shaddai may dwell in me.”
SUFFICIENCY IN SUFFERING
appears in the book of Job 31 times - more often than in any other book.
Job proved the all-sufficiency of El Shaddai in the midst of his
Eliphaz exhorted Job to repent and
to return to El Shaddai
But in the midst of torment, Job knew that El Shaddai would carry
“But He knows the way I take;
when He has tested me, I shall come forth as gold.”
The apostle, Peter, is undoubtedly
expressing the same faith, when he said; you . . .
“… are protected by the power of
God (El Shaddai) through faith for a salvation ready to be
revealed in the last time. In this you greatly rejoice, even though now
for a little while, you may have been distressed by various trials.”
Yes, the El Shaddai of the
Old Testament is the El Shaddai of the New. Y’shua, the
manifestation and fullness of El Shaddai is the All-sufficient
One, for all who are in need.
“Come unto Me, all who are weary
and heavy laden, and I will give you rest . . . If any man is thirsty,
let him come to Me and drink . . . Apart from Me you can do nothing . .
. Just as the Father has loved Me, I have also loved you . . . I am with
you always, even to the end of the age.”
John 7:37; 15:5, 9; Mathew 28:20)
EL SHADDAI, THE JUDGE
In the Revelation we see El
Shaddai - God Almighty . . .
“… in righteousness He judges and
wages war . . . and treads the wine press of the fierce wrath of
El Shaddai (God, the Almighty).”
“Yes, O YHWH
El Shaddai (Lord God Almighty), true and
righteous are Your judgments.”
poured out His love, His life, His blood, on the cross in order to
redeem mankind from sin. In Revelation 6:16, however, we see those who
reject His sacrifice, calling upon the mountains and the rocks to hide
them from the wrath of the Lamb. Oh that
today men would call upon the Name of God Almighty.
Today, El Shaddai is still
extending His powerful hand to all who need His grace. He is still
“Mighty to Save” for all who will call upon His Name. He is still
waiting for “whoever will”, to come and to drink of the Water of Life,
and to enter into the blessings that He has prepared for those who take
shelter under the shadow of His wings.
EL SHADDAI REIGNS
In Revelation we also hear . . .
“the sound of mighty peals of
thunder, shouting, ‘HalleluYah! For the Lord our God, the Almighty
(Yahweh our El Shaddai), reigns.”
Looking into the eternal realm
(Revelation 21:22,23), we
see Yahweh El Shaddai and the Lamb (Y’shua) as the temple, the glory,
and the light of the heavenly city, the New Jerusalem.
Oh what blessing, what power, what
nourishment, what sufficiency there is - available for all who are in
fellowship with El Shaddai, the Almighty!
~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~
The word ADONAI, generally
translated as “Lord” in English, is used some 300 times throughout the
Old Testament. The singular form, Adon, is used mostly for men, and only
occasionally for God. The plural form, Adonai, is used regularly for the
Almighty, and implies the plural manifestations of the eternal Deity -
Father, Son and Holy Spirit. It is also used frequently in the compound
- Adonai Yahweh, and sometimes as Adonai our Elohim.
signifies ownership or mastership. (Adonai could be more
correctly translated as SOVEREIGN MASTER). Adonai is the owner of
all mankind, and as such, claims obedience of all.
“For YHWH your Elohim is the
Elohim of elohim and the Adonai of adonim, the great, the mighty, and
the awesome El who does not show partiality, nor take a bribe.”
“Adonai of adonim” implies His
absolute sovereignty and plurality of majesty - He is the Eternal I AM,
who rules above all masters and authorities.
Abraham was adon to his servants,
but he bowed to Adonai as the master of all he possessed (Gen.15:2).
David said: “Who am I, O
Adonai YHWH? And what is my house that
You have brought me thus far?... For You know Your servant,
O Adonai YHWH.”
Isaiah saw Adonai, the
Sovereign Master sitting on a throne, lofty and exalted, and discovered
that He was absolutely Holy, and requires His servants to be cleansed
and to be holy. (Isaiah 6:3-7)
Jeremiah discovered that Adonai
demands absolute obedience in service.
“Then I said, ‘Alas,
Adonai YHWH! Behold I do not know how to
speak, because I am a youth.’ But YHWH said to me, ‘Do not say, “I am a
youth,” because everywhere I send you, you shall speak . . . I have put
My words in your mouth’.” (Jeremiah
1:6, 7, 9)
Yahweh is indeed the FATHER, both
in the Old and the New Testament; but He is also our MASTER. Through the
prophet Malachi, Yahweh challenged the priests of Israel;
“A son honours his father, and a
servant his master. Then if I am the Father, where is My honour? And if
I am a Master, where is My respect? says
YHWH of hosts to you priests who show contempt for My Name.”
Daniel confessed the sins of the
people of Israel against their Master;
“And I prayed to YHWH my Elohim
and confessed and said, ‘O Adonai, the great and awesome El, who keeps
covenant and lovingkindness for those who love Him and obey His
commands; we have sinned, committed iniquity, acted wickedly, and
rebelled, even turning aside from Your precepts and commands’.” (Daniel
In Ezekiel, where the compound,
Adonai Yahweh, occurs over 200 times, it is used not only as Master
of Israel, but also in reference to the nations around. Yahweh is
Adonai over all the peoples of
In the New Testament, Y’shua is
addressed as Adoni or Adonai (Master), as well as Rabbi (Teacher).
[Adoni is Master in general. Adonai, being a title for The
Almighty, would have been used in addressing Y’shua, only by believers
who recognised Him as the Son of God.] The Greek text does not bring out
the difference. But the following gives the Hebrew words that I expect
“You call Me Rabbi and Adoni; and
you are right; for so I am.” (John 13:13) “Thomas answered and said to
Him, “My Adonai and my Elohim.”
Y’shua is indeed our Master - not
a school master, nor a despot or slave-master. He is the Sovereign to
whom obedience is due; but His Mastership is of a very special quality;
it establishes a loving relationship between Redeemer and freed ones;
between Master and disciple; between Father and children; Friend and
“Y’shua said, ‘No longer do I call
you servants; for the servant does not know what his master is doing;
but I have called you (My) friends’.”
So He is our Friend, but He is
also our Master - our Sovereign. And we are exhorted to present our
bodies as a living sacrifice in His service. Paul exhorts us:
“Do not be foolish, but
understand what the will of the Lord (Adonai) is.”
Paul delighted to refer to himself
as a bond-servant of Y’shua.
Philippians 1:1; Titus 1:1).
Both Peter and Paul remind us that
believers have been bought with a price - by the blood of Y’shua, and
therefore He is our Redeemer-Master - a special and blessed
relationship. (1 Corinthians 6:20; 7:22, 23; 2 Peter 2:1)
Yes, Y’shua is our Adonai/Master;
but He Himself became a Servant - for our sakes (Isaiah
42:1; Hebrews 10:7-9; Matthew. 20:28; John 8:28; Romans 15:3; 2
The Mastership (Lordship) of
Adonai in the Old Testament, as well as that of Adonai Y’shua in the
New Testament, is an important study for all believers. It is not a
one-sided relationship. It is not all “commands and fear.” For His part,
Adonai protects, guards and guides His servants. He is their
Rock, their Fortress and Deliverer. He stands by us; He delivers us from
evil; He provides our resources; He supplies our Manna and our
Life-giving Water; and He bountifully rewards us for faithfulness to His
19:14; 31:3; 2 Timothy 4:17-18; Matthew 25:14-30; Luke 19:11-27;
Genesis 15:1; Numbers 18:20; 1 Corinthians 3:13-15).
Our part is to obey the voice of
the Master. “If you love Me, keep My commandments.” (John
“Therefore, my beloved brethren,
be steadfast! Let nothing move you! Always give yourselves fully to the
work of Adonai (our beloved Sovereign), knowing that your labour in the
Master is not in vain.”
THE DAY OF ADONAI YAHWEH
For the world there is a scheduled
day of reckoning ahead, called, the
Day of Adonai
“For that day belongs to
Adonai YHWH of Hosts, a day of
vengeance, so as to avenge Himself on His foes.” (Jeremiah
“The great and awesome day of
For the faithful servant of
Adonai, however, there is a day of joy that awaits him, when his
Master will say;
“Well done, good and faithful
servant. You were faithful with a few things; I will put you in charge
of many things; enter into the joy of your
Adonai (Master).” (Matthew
“HalleluYah! For YHWH El
Shaddai, our Adonai reigns!”
~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~
Y H W H
The four letters of the personal,
sacred Name of the Almighty, is referred to as the Tetragrammaton (from
French, meaning, having four letters). The four Hebrew letters are
transliterated as YHVH or YHWH. The Name is nowadays written and
pronounced as Yahweh.
Some people refer to Yahweh as the
“God of the Hebrews.” But as the Tetragrammaton is used nearly 7,000
times in the Bible, it must be admitted that YHWH is the God of the
Bible, and the God of Heaven and Earth. It is not a Name invented by
Jews or Christians. It is the Name revealed by Yahweh Himself, who also
declared that this is His memorial Name for all generations.
Unger’s Bible Dictionary says that
inscriptions from the 2nd and 3rd millennia B.C., indicate that YAHWEH
was the Name used by the Hebrews. The Name has been found to be unique
to Israel, and it has not been used as the name of any deity by any
other nation. Scholarly Christians, for ages, have known that the Hebrew
letters, transliterated as YHWH, form the Sacred Name. But for several
centuries, JEHOVAH, or Yehovah, was believed to be the correct rendition
of the Name. “Jehovah” was used widely in the 19th and early 20th
centuries. More lately, Christians have been content to use LORD or GOD
as the Name.
During the 20th century it has
become clear that “Jehovah” is a hybrid (mixed) word. “Jehovah” is not a
true Hebrew word. It is formed by inserting the vowels of “adonai”, in
between the letters YHWH. Scholars now believe that “Yahweh” or “Yahwah”
is very close to the original.
Orthodox Jews say they will regard
it as a sign of Messiahship in the one who can truly pronounce the Name,
YHWH, as that ability was lost due to the Jews’ unwillingness to
pronounce the holy Name.
This meaning comes from the Hebrew
words, to be, to exist, to live – hawa, hayah, havah, hayah, all
of which have a syllable in the Name of Yahweh or Yahwah.
At the burning bush in Exodus
3:14, God spoke to Moses;
“I AM WHO I AM”
EHYEH) . . . say, I AM has
sent me to you.”
The expression, “I am whom I am”
implies underived, eternal existence, and it is believed that the word
YHWH is formed from the Hebrew words that have the meaning of living,
and existing. When we say that God is “I AM,” it is more than simple
existence that is affirmed. He exists in a sense in which no other being
does. He is! and the cause of His being, is in Himself. He is because He
is! Yahweh is absolutely self-existent, and He alone is the true and
eternal, unchangeable Elohim.
“Before Me there was no elohim
formed, and there will be none after Me. I, even I, am YHWH; and there
is no saviour besides Me.”
Bible commentators have said, “All
the names of God in Scripture, are derived from His works - except one -
Yahweh. This is called “the Plain Name” because it teaches plainly and
unequivocally the substance of the Eternal One.
In “Yahweh” the personality of the Supreme is distinctly expressed. It
is everywhere, a Proper Name, denoting the Person of the Eternal God,
and Him alone.
In the Old Testament, the
Tetragrammaton is written more than 6,850 times (far more than any other
name.) The Name first appears in
as a compound – YHWH-ELOHIM. In chapters 2 and 3 this compound Name is
used 20 times.
When the serpent appears, however,
he refers simply to Elohim, not to Yahweh. And Eve likewise
3:1-5). But that the Name
YHWH was known from the beginning becomes evident when Eve says, in
“I have gotten a male-child with
the help of YHWH.”
When Jacob dreamed at Beth-El, he
heard the voice of God saying,
“I am YHWH, the Elohim of your
father Abraham and the Elohim of Isaac.” (Genesis
In the New Testament, YHWH is “the
LORD” referred to in many quotations from the Old Testament. And He is
Yahweh Elohim (Lord God) … the One “who is, and was, and is to
come,” in Revelation 1:8.
YAHWEH IS HOLY
“Holy, Holy, Holy, is YHWH of
Yahweh is ever the Holy One, who
has commanded His people:
“You shall be holy, for I, YHWH
your Elohim, am holy.” (Leviticus 19:2)
When man sins, it is against the
holiness of Yahweh that he transgresses. Adam and Eve must leave the
Garden, and the Presence of the Holy One because of their sin. Yahweh
cannot tolerate evil.
“O YHWH, my Elohim, my Holy One .
. . Your eyes are too pure to approve evil, and You cannot tolerate
In the Revelation again we are
permitted to look into heaven and to hear the words of the four living
“Holy, holy, holy, is the LORD GOD
ALMIGHTY, (YHWH El Shaddai), who was,
and is, and is to come.” (Revelation
YAHWEH IS RIGHTEOUS
He is called “the Judge of all the
earth,” by Abraham
18:25). And in
32:3-4, Moses says:
“For I proclaim the name of YHWH
... for all His ways are just; the El of faithfulness and without
injustice; righteous and upright is He.”
Yahweh demands righteousness,
justice and holiness from the creatures He made in His own image. As
righteous Judge He pronounced judgment on the world of Noah’s day, on
the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah, on other wicked nations, and also on
YAHWEH IS LOVE AND IS MERCIFUL
Some imagine that Yahweh of the
Old Testament was an angry God; but Jesus in the New Testament is a
loving God. No! Yahweh is indeed angry at sin and rebellion, but as
“Let us now fall into the hand of
YHWH for His mercies are great.” (2
Samuel 24:14). “YHWH
is gracious and compassionate.”
YAHWEH IS REDEEMER AND SAVIOUR
It is Yahweh who redeems and
restores fallen man to fellowship with Himself. From the time of Adam
and Eve’s sin, Yahweh sets about teaching man to approach Him by way of
sacrifice. All the Levitical sacrifices were offered to Yahweh (as
distinct from Elohim). In Leviticus chapters 1 to 7, the name Elohim
occurs only once, while YHWH occurs 86 times. The 12th chapter, dealing
with the Great Day of Atonement, mentions only the Name of YHWH, and
that, 12 times.
It is interesting;
ELOHIM commanded Noah to build the Ark
and to bring animals into it, for He was the Creator; but it is
YAHWEH, the Saviour, who tells Noah to
bring into the ark, seven pairs of every clean beast. These were animals
suitable for sacrifice.
YAHWEH FAITHFULLY CARES FOR HIS PEOPLE
Yahweh led Israel through the
wilderness and provided for their needs. He Himself declared to Moses
that He is …
“YHWH, YHWH-EL, compassionate and
gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in lovingkindness and truth; who
keeps lovingkindness for thousands, who forgives iniquity, transgression
IN YAHWEH THERE IS JOY!
“Do not be grieved, for the joy of
YHWH is your strength.”
“How blessed are the people who
know the joyful sound! O YHWH, they walk in the light of Your
countenance. In Your Name they rejoice
all the day, and by Your righteousness they are exalted.”
~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~
Yahweh Will Provide
You will remember the account of
how Abraham placed his son Isaac on an altar on Mount Moriah, to offer
him as a sacrifice in accord with the direction of Elohim. As Abraham
stretched out his hand, and took the knife to slay his son, the Angel of
Yahweh called to him from heaven, and stayed further action. Abraham
then saw a ram caught in a thicket by his horns - a provision for a
sacrifice. So he took the ram and offered it for a burnt offering in the
place of his son.
10-13). The Bible account
“And Abraham called the name of
that place YHWH YIREH, as it is said to
this day, ‘On the mount of YHWH it will be provided’.”
Abraham’s life was one of learning
and proving that Yahweh, his Elohim, would provide. Abraham knew of the
promise to Eve that Yahweh Yireh would provide a Redeemer; and he knew
of the need for blood sacrifice - Yahweh’s provision for remission of
sin. He had seen the provision of his Heavenly Father in the remarkable
miracle which enabled Sarah to give birth to Isaac. The Patriarch had
seen Yahweh Yireh faithfully providing for him throughout his life, so
when he was commanded to take Isaac and sacrifice him on Mount Moriah,
he could go forward in obedience, confidently, knowing that on the
Mount of Yahweh, a provision, a miracle, somehow, would be seen - even
if, and after, Isaac was slain.
“By faith Abraham, when he was
tested, offered Isaac as a sacrifice. He who had received the promises
was about to sacrifice his ‘only begotten’ (unique) son; even though God
said to him, ‘Through Isaac your seed (descendants) shall be reckoned.’
Abraham considered that YHWH could raise up men even from the dead; and
figuratively speaking, he did receive Isaac back from death.” (Hebrews
In this supreme test, Abraham once
more proved Yahweh Yireh! In Abraham’s act of faith, obedience and
triumph, another great act was foreshadowed - the act of Yahweh Yireh,
Himself, about 2,000 years later - the sacrifice of Yahweh’s only
begotten Son, Y’shua the Messiah. That was on Mt Calvary, barely a
kilometre from the place Abraham called Yahweh Yireh. In this sacrifice,
Yahweh did not provide a ram, but He provided the perfect, spotless and
eternal Lamb of God.
Isaac was a type of the Lamb of
Elohim who was slain for the sins of the world. Isaac,
in figure, was slain, resurrected and
returned to his father. Y’shua, in reality,
was slain. And on the third day, He was raised from the dead, and
thereafter, ascended to His Father in Heaven.
Y’shua said, “Your father Abraham
rejoiced at the thought of seeing My day; and he saw it, and was glad.”
What made Abraham rejoice? Yes, he
rejoiced that his son Isaac “was dead and is alive again.” But even
more, he rejoiced for he knew Yahweh would provide a Son, the promised
Seed, the Lamb, the Saviour for the World. By faith, Abraham could look
ahead with assurance, to that greatest of provisions, and thus proclaim:
“In the mount of YHWH, it shall
be seen.” (Genesis
The Apostle Paul, with Mount
Moriah and Mount Calvary, in mind, could write the blessed promise for
each one who will believe it;
“And my Yahweh Yireh shall
supply all your needs according to His riches in glory in Y’shua the
Messiah. Now to our Elohim and Father be the glory forever and ever.
~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~
Yahweh Your Healer
After Moses had led the people of
Israel out of Egypt, both he and they had many more lessons to learn.
After crossing the Red Sea, the great company entered the wilderness.
After three days they could not find water. When they eventually found
it at Marah; they could not drink it, for it was bitter.
What a setback! There was joy when
water was sighted, but then came the terrible realization that it could
not satisfy their thirst.
Yahweh had the answer; He told
Moses to cut down a certain tree, and to throw it into the waters. As
Moses obeyed, the waters were “healed” - they became sweet.
“And He (Yahweh) said, ‘If
you will listen carefully to the voice of YHWH your Elohim, and do what
is right in His sight, and pay attention to His commands, and keep all
His decrees, I will not bring on you any of the diseases I brought on
the Egyptians; for I, YHWH Rofekha (am
The word Rofe means
“healer”; Rofekha, “your healer.” (The kha is actually a gutteral
Rofe comes from the word Rafa which means to restore, to
heal, to cure - physically, morally and spiritually. This root
word appears over 60 times in the Old Testament.
promised to keep His people from diseases - provided they kept
themselves true to His commandments. Good health depended on obedience;
and healing depended on faith in Yahweh
Rofekha. The Psalmist said:
“Bless YHWH, O my soul . . . and
forget none of His benefits; who pardons all your iniquities; who heals
all your diseases.” (Psalm
The prophet Hosea pleaded with the
people of Israel who had forsaken the commandments, and fallen into sin
“Come, let us return to YHWH.
He has torn us to pieces, but He
will heal us;
He has injured us, but He will
bind up our wounds.” (Hosea
“For I will restore you to health
and heal your wounds, declares YHWH.” (Jeremiah
In the New Testament, Elohim
took the form of Y’shua Rofe, and
turned bitter waters into sweet. He replaced sorrow and mourning with
joy; He mended broken lives, and broken limbs; restored sight to the
blind; delivered from demons and from epilepsy; healed all their
diseases, and raised the dead. He was Ha
Rofe, The Healer, The Great Physician, and He was also the
Burden-bearer. He carried our sorrows, and He took the terrible penalty
for sin that was due to each one of us.
All men had sinned; they had
broken the Law of Yahweh, and had fallen so terribly short of the glory
of the Great and Awesome El.
Every type of sin has the inherent
consequences which affect the sinner, mentally, physically and
spiritually. Disease, frustration, and misery are the immediate
consequences; and the ultimate consequences - the wages of sin - is
death; eternal loss and remorse. But, halleluYah, through the blood of
the Lamb, a remedy has been provided for each condemned and
sin-afflicted person on this earth. Whoever will call upon the Name of
Adonai - Y’shua Rofekha, will be
If we are physically sick, we have
this specific promise:
“Is anyone among you sick? Let him
call for the elders of the church, and let them pray over him, and
anoint him with oil in the Name of the Master,
Y’shua Rofekha, and the prayer
offered in faith will restore the one who is sick, and Yahweh will raise
him up. If he has sinned, he will be forgiven.”
THE ULTIMATE HEALING
What happened at the waters of
Marah in the Sinai, points to the ultimate healing of the nations, as
pictured in the Book of Revelation.
“Then he showed me the river of
the water of life, sparkling like crystal, flowing from the throne of
Yahweh and the Lamb, down the main street of the city; and on each side
of the river stood the Tree of Life, bearing twelve kinds of fruit,
yielding its fruit every month; and the leaves of the tree were for the
healing of the nations.” (Revelation
But life-giving and healing waters
are available right now, for all who wish to drink by faith.
Y’shua Rofekha said:
“But whoever drinks of the water
that I give him will never ever thirst again. Indeed the water I give
him will become in him a spring of water welling up to eternal life.”
~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~
Yahweh My Banner
The children of Israel left Marah
where the bitter waters were healed by Yahweh Rofe
Then after visiting Elim, the place of refreshing and rest
the great company entered the Wilderness
where they experienced the heavenly manna of Yahweh Yireh - the
provision of Yahweh. In Exodus 17, the people are found thirsting again
for water, at Rephidim. It was there that Moses struck the rock, causing
waters to burst forth. Once again Yahweh Yireh demonstrated that He
would provide for His people, and meet their needs.
Israel next had to learn that
their Adonai was also Yahweh Nissi
- their Banner - and that under that Banner, they would be provided with
strength to fight and defeat their enemies.
The Amalekites were the first
enemy Israel encountered after leaving Egypt. Amalek did not fear the
Elohim of Israel; and evidently considered these ex-slaves a
walk-over. His strategy was to attack them from behind, but he soon
discovered he was engaged in a battle with a people under the protection
of Yahweh Nissi. It was a fierce
battle. Years later, Moses reminded Israel;
“Remember what Amalek did to you
when you came out of Egypt, how he did not fear God, but when you were
weary and worn out, he attacked you along the way and cut off all the
stragglers at the rear.”
The people certainly remembered.
Moses had commanded Y’hoshua to select men and go out against Amalek,
and then he himself took up a position on top of a hill overlooking the
battle. With the rod of the Almighty One in his hands, he lifted up his
arms in the Name of Yahweh Nissi;
and under that authority, Y’hoshua’s men prevailed against Amalek. But
whenever Moses lowered his hands, the battle reversed. Aaron and Hur
therefore sat Moses on a large rock, so that they could support his
arms. Thus Moses was enabled to keep his hands up until the close of the
day, and to the end of the battle.
The rod in Moses hand was a symbol
of God’s Presence, power and authority. It was that same rod that he
used in Egypt to challenge the powers of Egypt, and to bring the plagues
upon the land. It was the same rod that parted the Red Sea. It was the
rod that unleashed the same waters upon the chariots of Pharaoh. It was
the rod of El Shaddai, the Banner of
Yahweh Nissi, under which Israel fought and won the victory.
Once again, Moses was an
instrument to demonstrate the all-sufficiency of El Shaddai, the
Almighty God, on behalf of His people.
After that battle, Yahweh said to
“‘Write this in a book as a
memorial, and recite it to Y’hoshua, that I will utterly blot out the
memory of Amalek from under heaven.’ Then Moses built an altar, and
named it YHWH NISSI (Yahweh is my
Banner), saying, ‘YAH has sworn; YHWH will be at war against the
Amalekites from generation to generation’.”
Amalek represents the kingdom of
darkness which is opposed to the Kingdom of Light. He represents powers
of evil and falsehood that are opposed to good and truth. He represents
the forces of the world, the flesh and the devil that constantly attack
the followers of Y’shua today, even as they did in past ages.
The kings and rulers of
the world, David said, have lifted up
their banner against the LORD and His
The flesh, the powers of
carnality, Paul said, are warring against the Spirit. In the flesh,
there is no good thing
And of course, Peter said:
“Your adversary, the devil, prowls
about like a roaring lion, seeking someone to devour.” (1
Every believer experiences
conflicts with these three enemies; the world, the flesh, and the devil,
constantly. But victory is assured because of the One who lifted up His
hands on our behalf. It is Y’shua who stands like Moses, holding the rod
of Yahweh in His hands on our behalf. It is Y’shua (Yahweh is salvation)
who is our Nissi. It was Y’shua who won the victory when He
climbed the hill of Calvary, and stretched out His hands upon the tree.
It was Y’shua who broke forth from the tomb, and ascended to the throne
of the El Elyon. It is Y’shua who will rule the nations with a
sceptre of iron.
2:27 & 12:5)
And now, because of His victory
and authority, we can raise our Banner in His Name against the forces of
Amalek. Because of His outstretched hands from the throne, we can
resist, and wrestle, and prevail against the principalities and powers
of darkness, against the wicked rulers in spiritual places.
But in this battle, there must be
no compromise. Yahweh has declared war on these three enemies, and His
intention is to bring them, ultimately, to a complete end. So our
Saviour has instructed us to deny ourselves and to take up our cross
daily; we are to count ourselves dead to the world, the flesh and the
devil, but alive unto El Shaddai. We can then stretch out our hands in
His Name, and ask;
“What shall we say to these
things? If Yahweh Nissi is for us, who is against us? (Who can be our foe,
if Y’shua is on our side?) . . . . No! In all these things we
overwhelmingly conquer through Him who loved us.”
“Now thanks be to
who always leads us in His triumph
in the Messiah,
and through us, spreads the
knowledge of Him,
like lovely perfume, in every
~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~
Yahweh Who Sanctifies
Leviticus 20:7-8; 21:8; 22:9, 16, 32; Ezekiel 20:12)
In the title
Yahweh M’Kadesh, God reveals His intention that His people
should be a separated, holy nation.
“Consecrate yourselves therefore,
and be holy; for I am YHWH your God. And you shall keep my decrees and
practice them. I am YHWH who sanctifies you.”
The word “sanctify” means to
separate for holy purposes. The Hebrew words Kadash, Kadosh, Kadesh and
Kodesh are used about 700 times in the Bible, and they are translated as
consecrate, dedicate, to hallow, be holy, sanctify, holy, sanctuary,
purified, and Holy One.
Sanctification is first seen in
Genesis 2:1-3, where God sanctified His Day of Rest. It was a day set
apart for rest and holy purposes.
Next, Moses was commanded . . .
“Sanctify unto Me all the
firstborn among the children of Israel.”
The firstborn were chosen to be
representatives of all Israel, even as the nation of Israel was chosen
to be God’s representative (or firstborn) of all nations. The firstborn,
whether of a family, or of the nation, were to walk worthy of Yahweh who
had redeemed them, and as an example to others.
Yahweh M’Kadesh demands holiness - a
moral and spiritual purity - of the people who are His representatives.
Everything about Israel was to be
holy. The Sabbath was to be a holy day. The great feasts of Leviticus
23, as well as the fasts of Israel, were days set apart as holy
convocations. The sabbatical years (every seventh year), and the Jubilee
years (every 50 years), were to be sanctified years.
The land of Israel was to be a
holy land (“My Land” Joel 3:2); the City of Jerusalem, the Hill of Zion,
the Tabernacle, the Temple, the Sanctuaries, the Altar, the Holy Place
and the Holiest of Holies, and the Service of YHWH, were all to be holy.
The High Priest wore a pure gold
plate with the words engraved on it, “Kodesh to
The prophets were also sanctified by Adonai.
But more than that, ALL the people were to be sanctified.
“For you are a holy people to YHWH
your God; YHWH your God has chosen you out of all the peoples who are on
the face of the earth, to be His people, His special treasured
Why the emphasis on holiness?
Because the nation was chosen by the Holy One,
and called according to His holy purposes.
“There is no-one holy like YHWH,
Indeed, there is none besides You,
There is no Rock like our God.”
Holiness is essential. One
authority observed, “Power without holiness would degenerate into
cruelty. Omniscience without holiness would become craft. Justice
without holiness would disintegrate into revenge. And goodness without
holiness would be passionate and intemperate fondness, doing mischief
rather than accomplishing good.”
The inherent Holiness of God
engenders grandeur, majesty and fullness of perfection to His Person.
“Holy, holy, holy, is YHWH of Hosts”
cried the seraphim, who, as pure as they themselves were, covered their
faces and their feet, in the Presence of
Yahweh, El Elyon Ha Kadesh (the Holy and Most High God).
The awesome holiness of El
Elyon was displayed on Mt Sinai when the law was given - the law
that demanded a holy standard. Yahweh
M’Kadesh is described as a jealous God, for He insists on
worship from a redeemed, cleansed, and separated people.
“Ascribe to YHWH, O mighty ones,
Ascribe to YHWH glory and
Ascribe to YHWH the glory due to
Worship YHWH in the beauty of His
Israel failed! Instead of living
in fellowship with Yahweh M’Kadesh,
the people of Israel, time and time again, forsook Him, and resorted to
the gods of the heathen nations - to gods, which, in contrast to the
Holy One of Israel, inflamed lustful pleasures, quarrels and corruption
and demanded demonic rituals.
But the Holy One, in due time,
sent His Holy Son, Y’shua, into the world - to save both Israel and the
world. The Son left the glorious holy environment of heaven, and came to
this earth - a cesspool of iniquity. His mission was to bring about the
reconciliation of a depraved, unholy world, with the
El Elyon Ha Kadesh.
Y’shua, is called
“the Firstborn” - not meaning that
He was created, but rather that He stands in unique relationship to the
Father. Y’shua “the Firstborn,” is God’s Representative of the
family of Heaven. And He was absolutely holy. He was called “the holy
offspring” from the womb. He was called “The
Holy One” in prophecy
The apostles referred to Him as God’s Holy Servant
and demons cried out to Him, “You are the Holy One of God.”
To reconcile a depraved world to
the infinitely Holy One would seem to be an impossible task, but Y’shua
became the Mediator; He was God’s Representative, and He was our
Representative also. And by His death on the tree, Y’shua “put to death
the enmity” and reconciled both Jews and Gentiles to
HalleluYah. Yahweh-Y’shua be
And now we who once were far off,
and outside the chosen nation, are brought near - right into the
Presence of Yahweh M’Kadesh, the
Most Holy One.
As the apostle, Peter, explained -
bless him! We who were once not a
people, are now the people of God. We’ve
become God’s holy nation.
“But you are a chosen race, a
royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for God’s own possession, that
you may proclaim the excellencies of Him who has called you out of
darkness into His marvellous light: for you once were not a people, but
now you are the people of God; once you were not pitied, but now you
have received mercy.” (1
“But you were washed, and you were
sanctified, and you were justified in the Name of Adonai, Y’shua Ha
Mashiach, and by the Spirit of our God.” (1
Moreover, we have become a holy
temple of El Elyon, and each one of us who are born again, are
possessors of, and possessed by, Ruah
Ha Kodesh (the Holy Spirit).
And what is our destiny? To become
the Holy Bride of Y’shua, “The Firstborn,” and the Holy One. Oh
the joy before us! By the grace and sanctifying power of
Yahweh M’Kadesh, all born again
believers, all who are “in the Messiah Y’shua,” will be presented holy
and blameless, without spot or wrinkle, to the One who loved us and gave
Himself for us.
~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~
Yahweh is Peace
The people of Israel had to learn
that true peace (shalom), would be theirs only as they are sanctified
and separated from the heathen tribes and nations around them.
had promised the land of Canaan to Abraham, Jacob and the people of
Israel, and He had delivered it into their hands. But instead of
destroying the Amalekites whom Yahweh had condemned, Israel settled for
Rejecting the commandments of
Yahweh, they tried to become good neighbours to the condemned tribes.
Soon their sons and daughters were intermarrying with pagans. It wasn’t
long then before the Amalekites, Midianites and Philistines gained the
upper hand, and began to make the rules. In fact, these heathen tribes
began to destroy the chosen people by hindering their production of
food. There was soon a scarcity, and the Midianites then forced the
Israelites to flee and to take shelter in the caves of the mountains.
Severely oppressed, the Israelites
began to call upon the LORD. It was in this condition that Yahweh
reminded the people that it was HE who had delivered them from Egypt,
and given them the Promised Land. It was He who had said to them right
at the beginning:
“I am YHWH your God; you shall not
fear and worship the gods of the Amorites in whose land you live.” (Judges
You will probably remember how the
Angel of Yahweh came to Gideon while he was threshing wheat in a
winepress - seeking to conceal the food from the enemy. The Angel
greeted him . . .
“‘‘YHWH is with you, O valiant
“Then Gideon said to him, ‘O my
lord, if YHWH is with us, why then has all this happened to us? And
where are all His miracles which our fathers told us about, saying, “Did
not YHWH bring us up from Egypt?” But now YHWH has abandoned us and
given us into the hand of Midian’.” (Judges
It was then that Yahweh
commissioned Gideon to deliver Israel.
“Surely I will be with you, and
you shall defeat the Midianites as one man.” (v.16)
Gideon needed to be reassured that
he was really God’s man for the job. He prepared a cooked meal for
the Angel, but when a fire from the LORD consumed the food, and the
Angel vanished, Gideon realized that he has seen the Angel of Yahweh.
“‘Alas, O Adonai YHWH! For now I
have seen the Angel of YHWH face to face.’ Then YHWH said to him,
‘Peace! Do not be afraid. You shall not die.’ So Gideon built an altar
there to YHWH and named it YHWH-SHALOM.”
Thus began the thrilling episode
of another mighty warrior, and his exploits in the Name of
Yahweh-Shalom, by which he defeated
the enemy, and brought peace to the people of Israel.
Today the world is crying out for
peace. We have many Amalekites and Midianites gaining the upper hand in
our nations, creating great food problems. Farmers are being driven off
the land; people are losing their homes, hunger stalks many of the
less-developed nations; and the moral and social fabric of the nations
is being destroyed.
But just as El Shaddai
allowed Israel to experience a sense of being abandoned, the same
Almighty God is causing the nations to taste an acute anxiety and
despair today - that happily, they might call upon the One who alone can
bring peace and salvation - Y’shua Shalom.
Today as we look at modern Israel
surrounded by enemies, we know that Yahweh will certainly bring the
nation into true and lasting peace, but it will not be before Y’shua,
the Prince of Peace, reigns in righteousness, from Yeru-shalom,
the city of Peace.
The indications are that the day
of Yahweh is drawing very near; the day in which He will purge the
world, and the day in which Adonai, Yahweh-Y’shua, will be King
of all the earth. In that day, when Mount Zion will be “the joy of the
and when the redeemed of the nations will know the Name of the Most
High, they will say:
“Yahweh-Shalom is our
~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~
Yahweh our Righteousness
God chose the nation of Israel so
that He might, through her, reveal His righteousness to the nations
around. But the people of the Holy One ignored or by-passed the commands
He had given, and instead, espoused unrighteous methods, dealings and
living. Again and again the nation fell into idolatry, apostasy and
corruption. They forsook Yahweh Tzidkeinu,
and of course, forfeited the blessings of righteousness.
Yahweh demanded righteous
“You shall do no unrighteousness
in judgment . . . in weight or in measure.” (Leviticus
demanded honesty and integrity, but we find instead;
“The good man has perished from
the land, and not one upright person remains. All men lie in wait to
shed blood; each hunts his brother with a net. Both hands are skilled in
doing evil. The prince and the judge both ask for a bribe; and the great
men dictate their evil desires. They all conspire together.” (Micah
The true prophets of the LORD
continually warned about the moral and spiritual decline in the nation,
and of the inevitable consequences of its corruption.
“Righteousness exalts a nation,
but sin is a disgrace to any people.”
All the kings of Israel, with a
few exceptions like David and Josiah, were wicked, and provoked
Yahweh Tzidkeinu to anger. They, and
the priests who served during their reigns, instead of acknowledging,
proclaiming and serving Yahweh Elohim, followed the example of
the heathen nations around them. The so-called “shepherds” were even
destroying the flock.
The chosen people continued to
rebel against the Holy One, and His righteousness, until they had
forfeited their right to live in the promised land. They had turned the
holy land into a land of gross darkness. Soon powerful nations were
severely oppressing them.
Israel needed to learn that
Yahweh M’Kadesh would not overlook
the nation’s persistent state of carnality, idolatry and rebellion. He
would bring His people to the end of themselves, and hand them over to
captivity - until they saw themselves as they were:
“For all of us have become like
one who is unclean,
And all our righteous deeds are
like filthy rags;
All of us shrivel up like a leaf,
And our iniquities, like the wind,
sweep us away.” (Isaiah
The Righteous El Shaddai
handed over the ten tribes of the northern kingdom, to Assyria. A little
later, Judah and Benjamin, the two tribes of the southern kingdom, were
led into captivity in Babylon.
It was when Judah was threatened
with total disaster, that El Shaddai revealed yet another of His
titles, demonstrating both His concern for His people, and His
unchanging standard of righteousness for them.
“‘Behold, the days are coming,’
‘when I shall raise up for David a
A King who will reign wisely
and do what is just and right in
In His days Judah will be saved,
and Israel will live in safety.
And this is His Name by which He
will be called,
(Yahweh our Righteousness)’.” (Jeremiah
Salvation for Israel depended upon
a king who would be filled with the righteousness of Yahweh. At first it
seemed that Zedekiah, the last king of Judah, would fulfil the prophecy,
and save the kingdom from disaster. But look at what happened:
After Jehoiakim and most of Judah
had been led away captive, the King of Babylon made Mattaniah, ruler of
what remained. But Nebuchadnezzar first changed Mattaniah’s name (which
meant “gift of Yah”) to TzidkeiYah (English, Zedekiah), which means
“Righteousness of Yah.”
This young king of only 21 years
of age, with a name very much like Yahweh
Tzidkeinu, provided some hope. But Zedekiah did not trust in
Yahweh Tzidkeinu. Rather, he
relied on his own name and carnal wisdom. He did not prove himself to be
a righteous saviour of Israel, but a total disaster.
He had the right name, but he did
evil in the sight of Yahweh throughout his eleven years reign. He
tragically misjudged the situation, and rebelled against the king of
Babylon. The result was that his young sons were slaughtered in front of
him, and then his eyes were gouged out, before being dragged in chains
(see 2 Kings
24:17 to 25:7)
How many Christians today have
good Biblical names, but are in fact, bound by chains of sin, and openly
displayed as slaves of Satan. Their name does not save them! They need
to learn, as Israel did, that there is only one Name in which they must
trust - Y’shua, the Righteous Branch.
It was several hundred years
later, when Israel was once more back in its land, that the prophecy
concerning a “righteous branch” was fulfilled.
Yahweh Tzidkeinu took the form of a
Man, known as Y’shua Ha Mashiach, the Righteous. (1
Y’shua was the Righteous
Branch; and as the perfectly righteous One, He became a Sacrifice,
to pay the penalty for the sins of the unrighteous. He shed His spotless
blood to redeem a people who would come to know the true meaning of
Here are two glorious truths:
Because of a broken law, the One who wrote that law, paid the penalty
for every man in order to redeem man from the penalty imposed by the
law. His died on the cross to save us from the law that demands, “He who
sins must die.”
(Yahweh Tzidkeinu) made Him (Y’shua, the Lamb of Yahweh- Yireh)
who knew no sin, to be sin on our behalf, that we (sinners) might
become (partakers of) the righteousness of
Yahweh Tzidkeinu in Him.”
Because of the perfect sacrifice of the Lamb of God, we who were
unrighteous, can now become righteous - in Him. This is not a
righteousness of our own, but the righteousness that is imputed to us
(given to us). It is the righteousness of Messiah the Branch which is
given to us when we are justified and born again. It is “credited to our
account,” so to speak.
It is like a pure white garment
that is provided for us, so that we may have access into the Presence of
Yahweh Ha Kadosh.
Wisdom, righteousness, sanctification and redemption are not what we
achieve; neither are they what we earn. They are ours by imputation.
They are ours because Y’shua is ours, and we are in Him.
“But by His doing, you are
(implanted) in the Messiah, Y’shua, who has become to us wisdom from
God, and righteousness, sanctification, and redemption.” (1
The young Pharisee, Saul, on the
way to Damascus discovered that what he believed was his righteousness,
was nothing more than filthy rags, in God’s sight. From that moment on,
he counted all that he himself had attained, as rubbish. And he became
enthralled with “the righteousness which comes from God on the basis of
faith (in Y’shua the Messiah).” (Philippians
Paul became very concerned for his
people, the Israelites, and continuously prayed for their salvation.
“For I bear them witness that they
are zealous for God, but their zeal is not based on knowledge. For not
knowing about the righteousness that comes from God, and seeking to
establish their own, they did not subject themselves to the
righteousness of GOD. For Christ is the end of the law (as a means of
righteousness) so that (His) righteousness may be obtained by everyone
who believes in Him.” (Romans
But the day is coming when Israel
will recognise the Righteous Branch, and will call upon the Name
of Y’shua Tzidkeinu, and be
saved. Then the glorious day will dawn when . . .
“The Sun of Righteousness
with healing in His
~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~
Yahweh my Shepherd
A short story appeared in a
monthly magazine some years ago, telling of a man high in the mountains
who had some sheep he lovingly cared for. Each sheep had a name, and
each responded to the shepherd when he spoke to it. While he watched
over them at night, each sheep individually showed its affection for the
shepherd who considered them his family.
Some vandals came one night, and
despite the pleadings of the shepherd, killed or maimed all the sheep,
and left the shepherd distraught. He was never the same again, wandering
the hills and vales, unable to recover from the tragedy that befell the
sheep he loved.
There was a true shepherd!
How many shepherds we see in the
Bible! Abel was the first; a keeper of sheep. Abraham, Isaac and Jacob
all had flocks. Job had many sheep. Israel, for the most part, was a
pastoral people. The most famous shepherd, of course, was the young man,
David, whose experience as a shepherd is reflected in the “Shepherd
We often think David wrote the
psalm while he was very young. Not necessarily. It could have been later
on in life, as he looked back over the years, and recalled the tender
care of Yahweh Ro-ee for him, especially during the times of
Ro-ee, I shall not want . . .
Even though I walk through the
valley of the shadow of death,
I will fear no evil; for You are
Your rod and Your staff; they
(Psalm 23:1, 4)
David was glad to be called a
sheep in Yahweh’s pasture. That privilege meant a life of goodness and
lovingkindness; it meant a table prepared, and a cup that overflows. But
Israel was not always willing to be “the sheep of His pasture.”
And more often than not, the “shepherds of Israel” were concerned about
their own welfare rather than that of the people. The great prophet
described Israel as lost sheep:
“All of us like sheep have gone
Each of us has turned to his own
And Ezekiel places the blame
squarely upon the spiritual leaders of the nation:
“Son of man, prophesy against the
shepherds of Israel. Prophesy and say to them, ‘Thus says Adonai YHWH,
“Woe to the shepherds of Israel who have only been feeding themselves!
Should not the shepherds feed the flock?
“‘“You eat the curds, clothe
yourselves with the wool and slaughter the choice animals, but you do
not take care of the flock.
“‘“Those who are sickly you have
not strengthened, the diseased you have not healed, the broken you have
not bound up, the scattered you have not brought back, nor have you
sought the lost; but harshly and brutally you have ruled over them.
(As a result) they were
scattered for lack of a (true) shepherd, and when they were scattered
they became food for all the wild animals”.’” (Ezekiel
Can not the same words be directed
to many of our shepherds of our pre-Rapture flock? Where are the true
shepherds, the good shepherds, the righteous shepherds today? Yes, there
are some! But there are tens of thousands of lambs and sheep out there
who have not been strengthened, healed, bound up or cared for. Precious
sheep are perishing while sheepish pastors are playing! (I said,
playing, not praying!)
“Thus says Adonai Elohim, ‘Look, I
am against the shepherds and will hold them accountable for My flock. I
will remove them from tending the flock so that the shepherds can no
longer feed themselves. I will rescue My flock from their mouths, and it
will no longer be food for them’.”
The Hebrew word raah means
to feed or lead the flock to pasture, as most shepherds do; but every
true, good Ro does more than that. He protects the sheep from all
dangers, even at risk of his own life.
In the New Testament we see
Y’shua Ha Ro, The Good Shepherd
ministering to the people, healing their sick, raising their dead,
casting out tormenting demons, and setting men free from the bondage of
Y’shua said, “I am the Door of the
sheep,” which means that no intruder (Satan in particular), can get to
His sheep unless he first moves the Good Shepherd out of the way. And if
you think about it, you will see that that is an impossibility! Yes,
this Good Shepherd laid down His life for sheep, but He also took up His
“No-one takes it away from Me, but
I lay it down on My own initiative. I have authority to lay it down, and
I have authority to take it up again. These are the instructions I
received from My Father.”
How can Satan move the resurrected
Good Shepherd out of the way, especially as this Good Shepherd has an
intimate relationship with each of His sheep?
Like the mountain shepherd
mentioned at the beginning of this study, Y’shua Ha Ro deeply
cares for every one of His sheep; but unlike that unfortunate shepherd,
Y’shua is well able to protect His flock from vandals.
David said, “I fear no evil,” for
he knew very well that Yahweh-Y’shua Ro-ee
holds us in His powerful hands. And what a Shepherd He is! He cares for
the LOST sheep, and will not rest till He finds it. He brings it back to
the fold with much rejoicing.
Y’shua is an example for all His
appointed pastors today. In order to become our Good Shepherd, Y’shua
Himself became a Lamb. As a Lamb, He experienced the temptations, the
sorrows and sufferings that we experience. So He knows! He understands
our feelings of weaknesses, our hurts, pains and anxieties.
“He was oppressed and He was
Yet He did not open His mouth;
Like a lamb that is led to
And like a sheep that is silent
before its shearers,
So He did not open His mouth.”
Y’shua subjected Himself to His
Father’s will; to become a sacrificial Lamb.
“But it was the will of YHWH to
crush Him, and to put Him to grief;
And though YHWH makes His life a
He will see His offspring, and
prolong His days,
And the will of YHWH will prosper
in His hand.
As a result of the anguish of His
He will see it and be satisfied;
By His knowledge the Righteous
My Servant, will justify many,
As He will bear their iniquities.”
And now, with that on-going love
and commitment, the Good Shepherd continues His pastoral ministry. He
has entered the Holy of Holies, in Heaven, as the Great High
Priest, sprinkling His blood, and thus making atonement for us. He has
paved the way for us to come to the Father-Shepherd,
Yahweh Ro-ee. Now Y’shua is on the
Throne as our Representative; He is also present with us constantly, in
the Person of Ruah Ha Ro-ee -
the Comforting, Shepherding Holy Spirit.
neither slumbers nor sleeps. He leads His sheep besides still waters,
and makes them to lie down in green pastures. He watches over them with
a jealous eye. He protects them from false shepherds, and from ravening
wolves. His voice is unique, and His sheep know that voice, and they
follow Him. Sometimes He leads them through rough ravines and craggy
mountains; sometimes through very dark places; even through the valley
of the shadow of death. But always onward, upward, towards the Place He
has prepared for them.
It is there that the redeemed of
the Lamb, becomes the Bride of the Lamb; and the Bride becomes wedded to
the Good Shepherd/King, and they together …
“will dwell in House of
19:7. Psalm 23:6)
~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~
Yahweh is There
This title is the very last phrase
in the book of Ezekiel; and it is in the form of a prophecy concerning
the ultimate name of the city of Jerusalem.
“The city shall be 18,000 cubits
all the way around; and the name of the city from that day on shall be,
YHWH SHAMMAH (the LORD is there).”
We can trace the history of
Jerusalem back to the time of Melchizedek (King of Righteousness;
“zedek” (or more correctly, “tzedek”) is used to describe God’s
attribute. It is basically the same word as used in Yahweh Tzidkeinu.
Melchizedek was the King of Salem, a Jebusite city during the
time of Abraham. (Salem, or more correctly, Shalayim, means “peace”. The
word is very close to Shalom “peace”.) Salem later became Yerushalayim
(Jerusalem) - possession of peace.
Melchizedek was a priest of
El Elyon (God the Most High).
Evidently he did not know the Name Yahweh; but Abraham revealed this to
“And Melchizedek king of
Salem brought out bread and wine; now he was priest of
El Elyon (God Most High).
And he blessed him and said,
‘Blessed be Abram by
El Elyon, Creator of heaven and earth;
And blessed be
has delivered your enemies into your hand.’
And he gave him a tenth of
And Abram said to the king of
Sodom, (in the hearing of Melchizedek), “‘I have sworn to
YHWH El Elyon,
Creator of heaven and earth’ ...”
In the Book of Hebrews we are told
that Melchizedek is a type of the Messiah, both as High Priest, and
“You are a priest forever
according to the order of
This verse is a quotation from the
“YHWH says to my Adon (Master):
‘Sit at My right hand,
until I make Your enemies a
footstool for Your feet.’
YHWH has sworn and will not change
‘You are a priest forever,
According to the order of Melchizedek’.”
Y’shua, who is one in substance
and equated with Yahweh, is seen in Revelation 15 as the righteous King
of the whole world. (The passage is made up of several quotations from
“And they sang the song of Moses,
the bond-servant of God,
and the song of the Lamb, saying,
‘Great and marvellous are Your
YHWH, El Shaddai;
Righteous and true are Your ways,
O Sovereign of the ages -
King of the Nations!
Who will not reverence and glorify
Your Name, O YHWH?
For You alone are holy.
All the nations will come and
worship before You,
For Your righteous acts have been
It is to be noted that Melchizedek
was King of (Jeru-)Salem, and it is from this very same city that
Y’shua, the Righteous King of all the earth, will reign during the
Millennial kingdom. Because of this fact, Jerusalem is a very important
place, and world attention is focusing on “the City of Peace.”
It was to Mt Moriah in Jerusalem
that Abraham was commanded to take his son Isaac and offer him as a
It was David, centuries later, who bought a place of sacrifice on Mt
Moriah, and made the nearby Mt Zion, “the City of David.” What a
history the city has had since then!
Great events and personalities
have left their mark on the city. Titus the Roman General destroyed it
in AD 70, after which it was “trampled underfoot by the Gentiles” right
up to 1967 when Jerusalem was liberated by the modern state of Israel.
Today it is still a city of
conflict, between Arabs and Israelis. And it is destined to be “a heavy
stone” for all nations in these last days.
Jerusalem is the city coveted by
Satan, and where “the god of this world” will install his man as the
“King of all the earth” during the Great Tribulation. Antichrist will
“sit in the temple (that is yet to be built on Mt Moriah),
displaying himself as being God.”
But Jerusalem is the city where
Yahweh has put His Name. It is to the Mount of Olives (East Jerusalem)
that Y’shua will descend at the end of the Tribulation. It is through
the Eastern Gate that the Messiah will enter into the city, bathed in
“Then he led me to the gate, the
gate facing east; and I saw the glory of the Elohim of Israel coming
from the east. His voice was like the roar of rushing waters; and the
earth was radiant with His glory.”
43:1-2). (Compare these verses with Revelation 1:14-16)
It is from Jerusalem that Y’shua
will rule the nations with a sceptre of righteousness. And at that time,
when Jerusalem is the “city of the great King, it will be called,
YAHWEH SHAMMAH, “the joy of
the whole earth.”
“Then the survivors from the
nations that attacked Jerusalem will go up year after year to worship
the King, YHWH of Hosts, and to celebrate the Feast of Tabernacles.
“In that day there will be
inscribed on the bells of the horses, ‘HOLY TO YHWH.’ And the cooking
pots in the house of YHWH will be like the sacred bowls in front of the
“Every pot in Jerusalem and in
Judah will be holy to YHWH of Hosts, and all who sacrifice will come and
take of them and boil in them. And in that day there will no longer be a
Canaanite (an infidel) in the house of YHWH of Hosts.”
But no less real than
YAHWEH SHAMMAH, the Holy City on
earth, will be the glorious New Jerusalem, the heavenly city which
Y’shua has prepared for His Bride. The description we have in Revelation
21 indicates that nothing more beautiful can be imagined. From this
city, the Bride will reign with her Beloved Master and
Sovereign-Husband, over His vast new creation.
That city is called the Holy City,
the New Jerusalem, the City Foursquare; but it will also have the
beautiful name, YAHWEH SHAMMAH,
for Yahweh-Y’shua will be there.
“And I saw no temple in it, for
Yahweh, El Shaddai, and the Lamb, are its temple.”
“Blessed are those who wash their
robes, that they may have the right to the Tree of Life, and may enter
by the gates into the city.” …
~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~
THE COMMON USAGE OF THE
“YAH” AND “EL”
IN HEBREW NAMES
Most English readers are unaware
that many Hebrew Bible names actually include Yah, the short form of the
Father’s Name, at the beginning or end of the name, and sometimes at
Note: The Jews traditionally
spell this as Ye or Y’; both stands for Yah/Yahweh. The Hebrew Y’ has
come across into English as Je.
As a matter of interest, a partial
listing of such names is given here. This is not meant to confuse you,
and to say that we have to start reforming all our English names. But it
is to emphasise how significant the Name of Yah is in Hebrew; and it
will help us in understanding the meaning of Bible names. (It may even
provide you with a few options for naming your children!)
Yah is able
Yah is establishing
Yah is praise
Yah is a Friend
Yah is living God
Yah is living
Yah is strong
Yah gives delight
Yah is gracious
Yah sets up
Yah is liberal
Yah is high
Yah makes oath
Yah is judge
Yah make oath
Yah is just
Yah is he
Yah El is merciful
Yah is high
Yah is foundation
Yah is father
Yah is perfect
Yah is to be praised
Yah is helper
El is hearing
Ruler with El
Yah El is strong
El is Yah
El is El
El is saviour
El is swearer
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