PEACE ACCORD SIGNED
After 25 years of
underground activity and 11 years of armed struggle across Nepal’s jungles
and mountains, and the loss of 13,000 lives, the notorious Maoist leader
finally declared an end to his armed insurgency.
In a historic
ceremony on Nov 21, PM Girija Prasad Koirala and Maoist chairman Prachanda
signed the ‘Comprehensive Peace Accord (CPA) 2006,” bringing the decade-long
armed insurgency to an end and promising to chart a new destiny for “a
peaceful and democratic” new Nepal.
KOIRALA AND PRACHANDA
SIGNING THE ACCORD
The front page of
the largest selling English daily in Kathmandu read:
THE END OF THE WAR:
AND MAOISTS SIGN
NATION ENTERS INTO
declared a public holiday to celebrate the breakthrough.
The 10-point CPA
which included provisions on human rights, civil and political rights, arms
and army management, socio-economic transformation, among others, was signed
in the presence of ministers, political party leaders, Maoist leaders,
foreign diplomats, MPs, government officials and media representatives.
the politics of killing, violence and terror will be replaced by the
politics of reconciliation,” declared the 85-year-old PM Koirala who said he
had put his entire political career at risk by venturing on this path of
peace and democracy.
“Being a democrat,
I wanted to bring non-democrats into the framework of democracy. I was
warned by many friends about the hazards of dealing with terrorists but I
thought that bringing all under democratic framework was the duty of a
democrat. We all are entering into a new era from today. All of us Nepalis
must come together to build a new Nepal.”
He added that Nepal
will, henceforth, be regarded as a model in conflict resolution by other
conflict-torn countries around the world.
that with the signing of the CPA, people of Nepal were in a position to give
a message to the entire world. “The continuity of 238-year-old tradition has
been broken now. This is the victory of Nepalese people and the loss of
He said that like
in the war, his party would work with equal zeal to implement the peace
accord. “We have no prejudices against anyone. We want to make it clear to
everyone that we are neither conservative nor dogmatic in our thinking,” and
the people of Nepal will “perform another miracle” by working on a
war-footing to develop their nation after the elections of a Constituent
He termed the
successful struggle of the people of Nepal as the first miracle of the 21st
immediately, the CPA states that illegal carrying of weapons, their display
and any kind of attack, threat or intimidation would, henceforth, be
punishable by law.
commitment to hold the elections of CA by mid-June, 2007, the CPA prohibits
all kinds of illegal use of weapons, raid, ambush, mining, aerial attack,
abduction, etc. Within 30 days both the sides will share information
regarding the placement of mines and within 60 days they all would be
The CPA also talks
about rehabilitation of conflict victims. It vows to form a high-level Truth
and Recon-ciliation Commission to investigate about human rights abuses. It
has a provision guaranteeing free passage of civil servants, UN, I/NGO
workers across the country. it also has separate provisions dealing with
civil and political rights and rights of women and children.
On the issue of
implementation and monitoring, the accord states that the UN will be allowed
to continue its monitoring of human rights. Likewise, the UN team will be
asked to verify and monitor arms and army management, which will be as per
the November 8 agreement. It also states that the UN will be asked to
observe the CA polls as well.
The CPA also
declares that henceforth no parallel institution will exist in the country –
which means the Maoists’ People’s Court, People’s Government, parallel tax
collection and similar other parallel outfits will cease to function. This
effectively ends the existence of two regimes – which the Maoist leaders
have often used to justify their extortion, justice dispensation and similar
other activities - within the country.